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2018英语专四作文常用的九类过渡词

2017-12-06 17:49:26 来源:新东方在线专四专八资料下载

2018英语专四作文常用的九类过渡词

  一、过渡词句重要性

  文章中句子之间、段落之间各种关系的体现都离不开过渡性词语,过渡性词语对成文有三大好处,其一是使得表达更加流畅、连贯,能让作者的成文思路更加清晰地呈现给读者;其二是让句式多变,让文章更加精彩;其三,还能增加文章字数,解救那些苦于字数不够的考生。可以说过渡性词语在一篇优秀的考场作文中发挥着举足轻重的作用。

  二、必备过渡词句

  过渡词句主要按用途分类有九类:

  1.文章及段落起始常用的过渡词语

  to begin with首先

  【例】To begin with,smoking should be banned in public areas.

  generally speaking总体上讲

  【例】Generally speaking,the more you practice,the more skillfully you can write in English.

  first of all第一,首先

  【例】First of all,many people in remote areas still live in poverty.

  in the first place首先

  【例】In the first place,she can read at the rate of 100 words aminute.

  2.文章及段落结尾常用的过渡词语

  there fore,thus因此

  【例】Thus,taking morning exercises regularly may reduce the chances of getting sick.

  in conclusion最后

  【例】Inconclusion,universities should give larger amount of money to  libraries.

  in brief,in a nutshell简言之

  【例】In brief,birth control is of vital importance inChina.

  to sum up总而言之

  【例】To sum up,out of sight,out of mind.

  in a word总之

  【例】In a word,country life is more beneficial than city life.

  3.常用表示先后次序的过渡词语

  first第一;second第二;next其次,然后;eventually最后,最终;sincethen自此以后;afterward以后,随后;meanwhile同时;therefore因而;immediately立刻;finally最后,最终。

  【例】Finally,the country must not again go through the war.

  4.常用表示因果关系的过渡词语

  accordingly于是;for this reason由于这个原因;as a result of由……结果;in this way这样;consequently结果,因此;due to由于……;therefore因而;because of因为;thus这样。

  【例】It rained,for this reason,the game was cancelled.

  5.常用表示比较和对比的过渡词语

  in contrast with和……成对照;similarly同样;whereas然而;on the contrary相反;different from与……不同;likewise同样;equally important同样重要;on the other hand另一方面。

  【例】Different from Jane,Mary is interested in Maths.

  6.常用表示举例的过渡词语

  a case in point恰当的例子;for example举例;namely(that is)即,这就是说;for instance举例。

  【例】A case in point is the water control project along the Yangtze River.

  7.有关描写图表的过渡词语

  during this time在此期间

  【例】During this time,more women took various jobs.

  apart from除了……之外

  【例】Apart from the figures,the information below the table also suggests the growth of production.

  compared with与……相比较

  【例】Compared with the percentage of the base year,it jumped by 15 percent.from the above table/chart/graph根据上图(表)所示

  【例】From the above chart,it can be seen that changes do occur in the society.

  8.常用表示强调的过渡词语

  furthermore此外;moreover而且;besides此外;in fact实际上;also而且,也;indeed的确;again另外,还;in particular尤其,特别;naturally当然,自然,必然。

  【例】Naturally,he denied that he had committed the crime.

  9.逻辑连接词语

  second,last but not the least,seeing……先后次序关系;so,as a result of this,consequently,in consequence原因、结果关系;even though,though,regardless of转折关系;also,as well as,either……or……并列关系;not only……but also……,in order to do it……,accordingly递进关系;when in fact……,similarly,compared with比较关系;on the contrary,contrary to,conversely对比关系;as he explains,like,put it simply,for one thing……for another……举例关系;particularly,to be true,other things being equal强调关系;if so,if possible,provide that条件关系;in brief,in short,the conclusion can be drawn that……归纳总结关系。

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