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2018英语专四作文写出完美结尾段的两个技巧

2018-03-12 15:36:09 来源:网络专四专八资料下载

2018英语专四作文写出完美结尾段的两个技巧

  2018英语专四作文写出完美结尾段的两个技巧1. 扣题

  在巨大的时间压力下,很可能你没有来得及写末段,请记住这个“烂招”:写下

  In conclusion, I personally believe that…, 在省略号部分抄上原题的观点。

  如主题句表达:Some peoplethink that economic progress is the most important way to measure a country'ssuccess. Other people think other factors are also important. Discuss bothviews and give your own opinions.

  可在剩下最后一分钟时写下:In conclusion, personally, I believe that economic

  progress is not the most important way to measure a country’s success, and other facts must be taken into consideration.

  这个末段给人一种强烈的“扣题”感,理由很明显,紧紧地扣住题目啦!

  2018英语专四作文写出完美结尾段的两个技巧2. 缜密思维

  写好了首段和主体段,才能够写出“圆满”的末段。

  大部分的考生复习到这个阶段都已经达到一种共识:在作文的首段给出自己对话题的立场(take a clear position),这其实就是全文的主题思想 thesis statement。文章剩余部分的使命就是论证主题思想的合理性,使用解释,举例,对比等方式论证。对于这个使命,末段的贡献在哪里呢?

  末段不能再引入新的论据,而是通过总结性质再次提出自己的立场,告知读者使命已经完成。举例。

  Some people think that parentsshould teach children how to be a good member of society. Others, however, believe that school is the place to learnthis. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

  材料作文首段提出了自己的立场“Therefore, this can not be the responsibility

  of the parent alone”这个 thesis经过主体段的辩证论证之后,末段可以呼应为“and it is the responsibility of every member of a society to takeresponsibility for helping the youngergeneration to become active and able member of that society.”

  “把孩子教程积极向上,有能力有理想的公民不是家长和老师可以互相推诿

  的责任,而是整个社会的不可推卸的责任”,这比首段的立场要深刻很多。

  圆满的末段做到“余音绕梁”

  末段回响主体段要点

  (The concluding paragraph echoes the keyarguments in the body paragraphs)

  “余音绕梁”对于问题解决型的文章尤为重要。以范文为例:

  Increasing the price of petrol is the best wayto solve growing traffic and pollution problems. To what extent do you agree ordisagree? What other measures do you think might be effective?

  本题有两问,可先在首段先回答了第一问“Solving this problem is likely to

  needmore than a simple rise in the price of petrol.” 这一立场在第二段中得到充分的论证,从而也有了回答第二个问题的基础——给出其他能够解决交通问题的方案。在文中,考官提出“develop cleaner fuels”和 “improve public transport”这两个方案。

  末段不能再提出新的方案,“It isa good idea to recapitulate what you said in order to suggest to your reader that you have accomplished what you set out to

  accomplish.”。 可在结尾阐述自己的观点:“I think the long term traffic and

  pollution reductions would depend oneducating the public to use publictransport more, and on governmentsusing public money to construct and run efficient systems” 在末段中注意“首尾呼应”——“the reduction depend on …”


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