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2018英语专八语言知识固定搭配考点:动词与动词短语

2018-03-13 16:07:17 来源:网络专四专八资料下载

2018英语专八语言知识固定搭配考点:动词与动词短语

  2018英语专八语言知识固定搭配考点汇总

  在英语学习的过程中尤其要注意哪些动词是及物动词,哪些动词不是及物动词,哪些动词什么时候做及物动词使用,什么时候又做不及物动词使用:要注意有很大一部分动词在不同的语境和用法中有时做单动词(由一个单词构成的动词)用,而有时又要根据需要和副词小品词、介词或名词等搭配使用做词组动词(由两个或两个以上的单词构成的动词)用。

  1. 动词+副词

  在这一类固定搭配中的副词并不起修饰作用,所以又叫“副词小品词”。如:blow up(爆炸),break out (爆发),bring up(教养,提出),build up(增长),call off(取消),come to(苏醒过来),carry on (继续),carry out (贯彻),come up (发生),crop up (冒出),come out(出版),figure out(想出,理解),flare up(发脾气),lay off (临时解雇),make up(和好,弥补),make out(理解),pay off(赢利),pass away(去世),put on(装模作样),take apart(拆开),take on(雇用),take over(接管)等。

  2. 介词与动词的搭配

  (a)动词+介词

  add to (增加),

  adhere to (坚持),

  admit to (承认、供认),

  allude to (暗示),

  amount to (总计,等于),

  attend to (注意,照顾),

  attest to (证明),

  bow to (向......低头,顺从),

  cling to (坚守),

  cor­respond to ( 相当于 ,等于 ) ,

  confess to (承认 、供认 ) ,

  consent to (同意,答应,应允),

  contribute to (有助于,促成),

  object to (反对,不赞成),

  get to (开始做某事),

  react to (反应),

  pertain to (属于),

  revert to (恢复旧习惯),

  refer to (提及),

  relate to (与.....有关系),

  submit to (顺从,屈服),

  succeed to (继承),

  stick to (坚持,继续),

  witness to (出庭作证,证实),

  yield to (让步,屈服),

  prevail on (说服),

  appeal to (上诉),

  apply for (申请),

  concentrate on (集中精力在),

  touch upon (涉及),

  account for (解释),

  agree with (与...... 看法一致),agree to (同意),

  amount to (等于),

  come into (继承),come across (碰到),

  get after (追捕),go about (做),go for (争取),

  look into (调查),look after (照顾),

  rely on (信赖),

  resort to (诉诸),

  see about (料理),see to (料理),

  take to (爱上)等。

  例:...as one man put it, things would certainly be simpler for Americans if they stuck on to English and made the British learn Greek (2008专八改错第7题)

  错误分析:删去stuck后面的on。stick to sth是固定搭t意思,“坚持,继续”,符合此处的意思:“如果美国人坚持说英语......

  (b)动词+ed分词+介词to

  如:be accustomed to (惯于),

  be abbreviated to (缩写为),

  be reduced to(论落到,使变小)

  be resigned to (听任) ,

  be reconciled to(甘心于,顺从),

  be devoted to(致力于,热爱),

  be given to (喜欢,癖好),

  be used to (习惯于,适应于)

  注意:be used to 和 be accustomed to属于同义结构,不同的是 be accustomed to 能接不定式,而 be used to 后只能跟名词或动名词。

  (c)动词+宾语+介词

  They excluded him from the club.

  They took me into their confidence.

  Bad weather robs a holiday of half its pleasure.

  He released her from her promise.

  These men took me for a swindler.

  注意:上述搭配中的宾语可以按照语义意图加以改变,但下面属于成语性质 的动词+名词+介词和动词+名词的固定搭配中的名词不能随意改变。

  例:...by agreeing not to award scholarship on the basis of merit rather than purely of need—just like business firms agreeing not to give discounts on their best customer. ( 2005年八级改错第 l0题)

  错误分析:on改为介词to。这里用的是固定搭配give sth to sb=give sb sth,to在 分析 这里是用于引导动词的间接宾语。

  (d)动词+名词+介词(相当于一个及物动词)

  如:make fun of (取笑),make a mess of (把......弄脏、弄糟), make the most of (充分利用),take care of (照顾,照料),take advantage of (利用),take pity on (怜悯)等。

  (e)动词+名词(相当于一个不及物动词)

  如:change hands(易手、过户),take effect(生效),take root(扎根),take place(发生)等

  (f)动词+副词+介词

  如:carry over to (持续到)

  catch on to (理解)

  come down with(染上)come out with (说出),come up against (碰到),

  fill in for (顶替),

  get around to/at(够得上),get round to(找到时间做某事),get down to(开始认真做某事),get near to (几乎,接近于),get away with (饶幸逃脱),get on at (责怪 ),get on to (想出,理解)

  go in for (喜欢),go through with(把……进行到底),

  face up to (勇敢的面对),

  feel up to(有条件/适合做某事),

  keep up with(跟上),

  put up with(忍受)

  look forward to (盼望),look up to (尊敬),look down on (看不起),

  make up for (弥补)

  own up to (承认),

  talk down to (对……大言不惭地说),

  break in/on (打断),hold out on (对……保密)等

  (g)动词+副词小品词+介词

  如:We shouldn't put the shortage down to (把……归因于)bad planning

  You shouldn’t take your resentment out on (拿......泄恨)me.

  You must watch that guy, or he’ll put something over on (捉弄)you before you know it.






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本文关键字: 英语专八语言知识 英语专八 2018英语专八

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