2018-10-11 10:05:10 来源：网络专四专八资料下载
三大非谓语动词： 动名词， 分词和不定式。
Seeing is believing.
Listening to music is one of my hobbies.
Studying abroad has many advantages.
Getting to know the world is what the future society requires of us.
A. It is no use / good/harm+Ving. It is no use quarreling with her. It's no use crying over the spilt milk.
B. There is no+Ving. There is no denying (the fact) that women are playing an important role in the world today.
There is no joking about this matter. 这事开不得玩笑。
My favorite pastime is collecting stamps.
Her hobby is swimming and cycling.
One of the good virtues of a young person is being punctual.
My job is teaching.
One of the most difficult tasks you may encounter is learning a foreign language.
She enjoys listening to rock music.
We appreciate your offering to help.
We must avoid making such mistakes again.
People who like travelling have their reasons.
admit, appreciate, avoid, confess to, consider, delay, deny, endure(忍耐), enjoy, escape, excuse, fancy(想象), finish, forbid, imagine, mind, miss, permit, postpone, practice,
risk, can't help, feel like, give up, keep out, object to (反对), oppose, put off(推迟).
Never put off doing what should be done today till tomorrow.
Have you got used to working on the night shift? (上夜班)
Children are fond of reading fairy tales.
Phrases: get/be used/accustomed to, be fond of, look forward to, long for, dream of, approve/disapprove of, insist on, persist in, accuse sb. of, charge sb. with, be keen on, be
absorbed in, concentrate on, put off, prevent…from...
1) There is no point in doing sth.
There isn't much point (in) repairing that old car again.
2) There is no gain in doing sth.
There is no gain in being cruel/rude to people.
He is busy (in) preparing a report.
They spent a lot of time (in) making preparations.
We had great difficulty (in) finding his house.
have a good time doing, have a hard time doing, have trouble doing, have difficulty doing, have fun doing, be busy doing, spend time doing…
I am having great trouble catching up with my fellow students in English.
He insisted on my going with him to the party.
She dislikes her husband's coming back home late.
a. 人称代词所有格+动名词Compare: Tom insisted on going with them. Tom insisted on my going with them.
b. 名词所有格+动名词Compare: He hates working late. He hates his wife's working late.
She regrets____idle when young.
a. to have been b. her being c. her having d. having been
1) 有些动词可带动名词， 也可带to do作宾语，差异不大。一般说来，作宾语的动名词更重一般情况，不定式则强调具体情况。
I like reading novels but I don't like to read this novel.
I like swimming — I like to (go to) swim.
try to do
need to do(需要做某事) I need you to help me.
want to do(想做)
used to do (过去常做)
need doing (被动)需要 My coat needs mending.
want doing = need doing
be used to doing (习惯于)
完成式: 表明动名词动作在谓语动作前发生, 使用having done
He was praised for having made a great contribution to his country.
His having been elected chairman of the club surprised us greatly.
The picture reminded us of having been taken to the zoo.
He did it without being asked.
They insisted on being given the task.
The boy was criticized for being late.
Being taken advantage of is not a good thing.