新东方在线网络课堂 专四专八 新东方在线 > 专四专八 > 英语专业四级 > 英语专业四级攻略 > 正文

2019英语专四语法复习之分词

2018-10-11 10:05:49 来源:网络专四专八资料下载

2019英语专四语法复习之分词

  2019英语专四考试第三部分语言知识题分值为20分。分值与专四阅读理解相等。所以考生们想要顺利通过2019英语专四考试,复习英语专四语法是重点之一,下面新东方在线英语专四频道为大家讲解

2019英语专四语法复习汇总

  Participles 分词

  分词(过分和现分)兼有v.和adj.的特征,可带宾(现分)或状语构成分词短语

  When visiting Beijing, he went to the Great Wall.

  It is an interesting story.

  现分与过分词的区别

  A. 语态不同。现分表示主动的意思,过分多由及物v.变来,常表被动的意义。

  surprising (令人惊讶的—主动) surprised (感到吃惊的—被动)

  More Examples

  an exciting story

  the exploiting classes(剥削阶级)

  a moving film(感人的)

  a tiring journey

  excited spectators

  the exploited classes(被剥削阶级)

  a moved audience(被感动的)

  a tired football player

  有些过分由不及物动词变来,只表示一个动作已完成;无被动意义.

  fallen leaves, the exploded bomb, a retired miner, escaped prisoners, the risen sun.

  B. 时间关系不同。现分表示的动作正在进行,而过分表示的往往已完成。

  the changing world----the changed world

  boiling water----boiled water

  developing countries----developed countries

  分词的语法功能

  1) 作表语

  The situation is discouraging.

  She felt discouraged at the words.

  现分作表语有主动的含义,它表示主语的性质或特征;

  过分作表语有被动的含义,它表示主语所处状态或具有的情感

  2) 作定语

  I'm reading a very attracting book.

  He likes to drink cold boiled water.

  一般,分词作前置定语泛指一般情况

  Eg. An excited child is not easy to control.

  分词作后置定语时,是特指某一特定情况下的特点,具有特殊含义。Eg. The child excited by the gift was brought under control.

  There's a broken window in their classroom.

  The window broken yesterday will have to be paid for.

  She said she would never get married, because she didn't want to spend her life surrounded by screaming children.

  The child screaming there is his son.

  3)作宾语的补足语

  分词作宾语的补足语只用于下列结构:

  (1)当v.为表示感觉或心理状态时,这些v.包括

  see, hear, feel, watch, notice, smell, find, think, observe, listen to, catch, leave, start, set

  Examples

  a. I saw a girl standing by the goldfish pond.

  b. He felt his eyes dazzled by the bright light.

  c. I found him drinking my mineral water.

  d. Everyone thought the battle lost.

  e. Have you ever heard a nightingale singing?

  (2) 当v.为make, get, have, keep等表示“致使、使得”含义时:

  a. I have my hair cut every ten days.

  b. He got his bad tooth pulled out.

  c. She's going to have her clothes altered.

  (3) 在have+宾+p.p.结构中,have 有三种不同含义。

  a. We had the problem solved. (意为“致使”有意的行为)

  b. He had his arms broken in an accident. (意为“遭受”,表示无意行为)

  c. I have no money left. (have有)

  (4) 当v.为like, want, wish, order等表示希望要求命令等意义时

  a. He wanted his eggs fried.

  b. He won't like such questions discussed at the meeting.

  c. The boss ordered all the errors corrected.

  与不定式作宾补的区别

本文关键字: 英语专四语法 英语专四 专四

分享到:

课程试听换一换

  • 2019英语专业八级精品试听课

    ¥1

  • 2019英语专业四级精品试听课

    ¥1

  • 2019英语专业四级全程班

    ¥686.4

  • 2019英语专业四级VIP签约班【直播+录播】

    ¥862.4

  • 2019英语专业八级全程班

    ¥686.4

  • 2019英语专业八级VIP签约班【直播+录播】

    ¥862.4

相关推荐

交流 • 下载

精品课限量免费领

今日特价课

  • 历年专四精华汇总
  • 英语专四词汇语法测试

热点资讯更多>>

实用 • 工具

专四专八课程排行榜本周本月

推荐阅读