2019-01-07 11:01:00 来源：网络专四专八资料下载
[00:24.67]SECTION A MINI-LECTURE
[00:27.92]In this section
[00:29.01]you will hear a mini-lecture.
[00:30.78]You will hear
[00:31.96]the mini-lecture ONCE ONLY.
[00:33.96]While listening to the mini-lecture,
[00:35.90]please complete the gap-filling task
[00:37.62]on ANSWER SHEET ONE and write
[00:40.56]NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS
[00:42.26]for each gap.
[00:43.62]Make sure the word(s) you fill in
[00:47.12]is (are) both grammatically
[00:49.33]and semantically acceptable.
[00:52.10]You may use the blank sheet
[00:54.65]You have THIRTY seconds
[00:56.47]to preview the gap-filling task.
[01:29.06]Now listen to the mini-lecture.
[01:30.76]When it is over,
[01:32.29]you will be given THREE minutes
[01:33.85]to check your work.
[01:35.36]How to Speak Good English
[01:38.53]ladies and gentlemen.
[01:41.14]and polished oral English
[01:42.67]is every learner's dream,
[01:45.51]many of my students
[01:46.78]spent a lot of years,
[01:48.05]money and efforts
[01:49.29]on speaking this language well
[01:51.33]but failed to be able to
[01:53.03]communicate and speak out,
[01:54.96]the reason to which might be mainly
[01:56.93]the lack of confidence
[01:58.69]and right methods.
[02:00.07]I still remember
[02:01.33]when I first landed
[02:02.40]on the soil of Beijing
[02:03.82]five years ago,
[02:05.12]I could not communicate
[02:06.87]with my friends
[02:08.11]and even felt uneasy
[02:10.04]when going out with them
[02:11.56]because I did not have the confidence
[02:13.64]to start a conversation
[02:15.24]with my Mandarin.
[02:16.87]It's the same to the English learners
[02:19.33]who have no courage
[02:20.70]to start a topic
[02:21.84]and face an awkward silence
[02:23.83]after the initial greeting is given
[02:26.19]because they don't know
[02:27.74]what to talk about
[02:28.71]and are not confident
[02:30.35]of putting something across correctly,
[02:32.51]thus the conversation comes to an end.
[02:35.54]Here I would like to give you
[02:37.48]some advice on
[02:38.52]how to speak good English
[02:40.05]in terms of the experience I got
[02:42.99]from being a teacher
[02:43.97]for many language training schools
[02:45.90]and being an interpreter
[02:47.48]for the government
[02:48.84]as well as embassies.
[02:50.22]There are 3-D methods
[02:52.58](Dialogue, Discussion and Debate)
[02:54.75]to improve your eloquence.
[02:56.53]First of all,
[02:57.90]it's important to be involved
[03:01.71]that many students
[03:02.73]do well in speaking
[03:03.97]when conducting a prepared speech
[03:06.24]or presentation in class.
[03:07.96]But speaking English fluently
[03:10.10]is not just about making presentations
[03:12.78]and giving speeches.
[03:14.42]It is about expressing your ideas
[03:16.79]and insight on the most mundane things
[03:20.58]The ability to make dialogues
[03:22.02]is very important
[03:24.11]in social communication.
[03:26.11]Topics for casual conversation
[03:28.49]could include the weather,
[03:31.67]current affairs, hobbies,
[03:34.96]Do not always ask foreigners
[03:36.66]"What is your name?"
[03:37.65]and "How is your job?"
[03:39.32]when you want to find one
[03:40.74]to practice your English with.
[03:42.69]Before going to English Corner,
[03:45.38]please read up
[03:46.70]on your area of interest
[03:49.06]and try framing sentences
[03:50.07]to express your opinions.
[03:52.20]Talk about it with someone
[03:53.65]close to you
[03:54.54]or whose English level
[03:55.97]is higher than yours,
[03:57.52]so you can check
[03:58.77]for your language accuracy
[04:01.83]You'd better grasp regularly used ways
[04:04.47]of small talk,
[04:06.04]and you will be able
[04:07.29]to initiate speaking more confidently.
[04:09.89]If you can break this barrier
[04:12.71]and speak out with passion
[04:15.43]you can take your first step
[04:17.67]into the realm of oral English
[04:19.86]and become a public speaker
[04:21.54]in the future.
[04:23.98]discussion and debate
[04:25.25]play a key role.
[04:26.68]I often say
[04:27.98]that your language ability
[04:29.39]and academic achievements
[04:31.26]are very important and imperative,
[04:33.94]but the most important of all
[04:35.67]is your eloquence to communicate
[04:37.84]in the personal relationships.
[04:40.13]The elite may not have eloquence,
[04:42.49]but an eloquent person
[04:44.02]must be an elite.
[04:45.76]So the best way
[04:47.08]to improve your speaking ability
[04:49.17]is to discuss and debate.
[04:50.78]When I was a junior,
[04:53.25]I always had discussions
[04:55.02]with my classmate
[04:57.63]like environmental protection,
[05:02.34]postgraduate exams and so on.
[05:04.94]After everyone aired his opinions,
[05:07.67]then we conducted debate
[05:10.41]to express ideas
[05:11.77]to convince the others.
[05:13.45]And I gradually build up
[05:15.81]my repertoire of conversational topics
[05:18.30]and start using them
[05:19.86]whenever I get a chance.
[05:22.72]I have a good command of English,
[05:24.84]and won a lot of awards
[05:26.77]in English speech contest and debate.
[05:30.49]it's also effective for you,
[05:32.19]my beloved friends or students,
[05:34.18]to have a try to use your language
[05:36.71]to discuss and debate.
[05:39.65]other methods may work too.
[05:41.97]Many students do want
[05:43.66]to improve their English
[05:44.61]by all means.
[05:47.33]that all of us like
[05:48.57]taking down notes
[05:49.68]when we are listening
[05:50.74]to the lectures
[05:51.70]given by teachers at school.
[05:53.33]But it's not a correct way
[05:55.29]to speak good language.
[05:56.98]Can you learn swimming
[05:59.03]by standing at the edge
[06:00.10]of the pool
[06:00.68]and taking down the words
[06:01.83]spoken by the coach?
[06:03.05]You have to take the plunge,
[06:05.70]I seldom took notes
[06:06.95]when I was given lessons,
[06:08.63]but I would memorize them
[06:10.39]with my mouth,
[06:11.50]my mind and my ears.
[06:13.29]There is just one case
[06:15.08]I will take notes
[06:16.31]when I am doing my job
[06:17.66]as an interpreter
[06:18.78]for the Beijing municipal
[06:20.43]government and embassy.
[06:21.73]I still remember
[06:23.11]when I was interpreting
[06:24.48]for the ambassador
[06:25.70]from the Philippines,
[06:27.15]she was delivered the speech
[06:28.67]about 10 minutes
[06:30.13]at the Great Wall
[06:33.21]Hadn't I taken the notice
[06:34.77]from the speaker,
[06:35.90]I don't think
[06:36.99]I would have interpreted for her
[06:39.00]and won the applause
[06:40.18]from the officials.
[06:41.57]It is the same with language.
[06:43.56]Unless you use the language
[06:46.75]you will never know
[06:47.87]how good you are at it.
[06:49.60]Ask your friends
[06:50.88]who are good at English to help.
[06:52.71]Try to speak it
[06:54.25]as much as possible,
[06:55.44]and let them interrupt you
[06:57.34]whenever you make mistakes
[06:58.68]and ask them to correct you.
[07:00.49]Do not feel embarrassed
[07:02.37]to make mistakes,
[07:03.44]for that is the only way
[07:05.13]you will learn.
[07:06.24]Enjoy losing face
[07:08.19]and enjoy making mistakes
[07:09.83]because that is the way
[07:11.70]the process of acquiring fluency
[07:14.35]a language occurs.
[07:15.89]Everyone may have made
[07:17.63]a lot of mistakes
[07:18.75]before getting a good grasp
[07:20.57]of his or her mother tongue.
[07:22.66]The only difference now is
[07:24.60]that you are conscious of the mistakes.
[07:27.74]do not be afraid of making mistakes.
[07:31.07]there are attitudes that count most.
[07:33.64]If you do want
[07:34.78]to learn something well,
[07:36.05]you are supposed
[07:37.27]to have confidence and passion.
[07:39.41]I wanted to be a teacher,
[07:41.40]to which I devoted
[07:43.02]my whole interest,
[07:44.53]confidence and passion
[07:45.79]no matter how many mistakes
[07:51.02]and how far away it was for me
[07:53.31]to reach my final goal.
[07:55.16]I never stopped fighting
[07:56.83]for the improvement of myself
[07:59.07]and becoming a grounded person
[08:01.42]equipped with knowledge
[08:02.70]and a clear mindset.
[08:04.42]And that is
[08:05.58]why I hope all of you
[08:07.47]can be confident and passionate
[08:09.37]for what you are doing
[08:10.89]and what you will do.
[08:13.42]I want to say:
[08:14.57]try to be confident and passionate
[08:17.65]in the journey of study and life,
[08:20.06]all you need is a will to learn
[08:22.33]and the initiative to begin.
[08:25.68]it is simply a matter of time
[08:29.19]Now, you have THREE minutes
[08:31.51]to check your work.
[11:33.58]This is the end of
[11:34.41]Section A Mini-lecture.
[11:37.16]SECTION B INTERVIEW
[11:41.00]In this section
[11:42.01]you will hear ONE interview.
[11:44.96]will be divided into TWO parts.
[11:47.25]At the end of each part,
[11:48.86]five questions will be asked
[11:51.00]about what was said.
[11:52.30]Both the interview
[11:53.59]and the questions
[11:54.53]will be spoken ONCE ONLY.
[11:56.95]After each question
[11:58.11]there will be a ten-second pause.
[12:00.29]During the pause,
[12:01.46]you should read the four choices
[12:03.56]of A, B, C and D,
[12:06.79]and mark the best answer
[12:08.41]to each question
[12:09.47]on ANSWER SHEET TWO.
[12:11.13]You have THIRTY seconds
[12:12.82]to preview the questions.
[12:44.89]Now, listen to Part One
[12:46.26]of the interview.
[12:47.93]Questions 1 to 5 are based on
[12:49.91]Part One of the interview.
[12:52.12]M: And this morning
[12:53.93]on Today's How-To: saving time,
[12:57.22]work, family, errands, chores,
[13:00.36]but how about having some fun
[13:03.00]once in a while?
[13:05.15]Good Housekeeping magazine
[13:06.56]has some advice on how you
[13:08.18]can stop wasting time
[13:09.24]and get it all done.
[13:11.31]And here with several top tips
[13:13.84]is Carolyn Forte.
[13:17.35]W: Good morning.
[13:18.51]Nice to be here!
[13:19.50]M: You know,
[13:20.74]a lot of us spend time looking
[13:22.01]for things in the morning.
[13:23.59]It's the glasses; it's the keys;
[13:26.29]and you never know
[13:27.64]when it comes out the next time.
[13:30.39]I have those similar experiences.
[13:32.49]M: What are the biggest mistakes
[13:34.95]we made when it comes to that?
[13:36.95]W: And to speak to
[13:38.55]what you're saying,
[13:39.42]I think the best way to handle it
[13:41.26]is being organized.
[13:43.18]When you're disorganized,
[13:45.28]you don't know where things are,
[13:47.17]you're searching from drawers,
[13:49.80]trying to find the thing
[13:51.66]that didn't go back
[13:52.80]where it belongs.
[13:54.01]So if you can stay
[13:55.83]your belongings organized,
[13:57.22]you can really save some time.
[13:59.55]M: All right.
[14:00.66]Let's start saving time right
[14:02.77]this minute. OK?
[14:05.29]M: Your No.1 tip here is
[14:07.34]to bank online.
[14:09.02]Now some people
[14:10.08]are afraid to do it,
[14:11.32]but you say,it's something smart.
[14:13.50]W: Yeah, it is very safe.
[14:15.67]And we certainly recommend
[14:17.33]that you use
[14:18.29]your own bank's website.
[14:20.05]So go to the bank, talk to
[14:22.25]the customer service
[14:24.82]If you have some questions
[14:26.34]about how to do it,
[14:27.60]how safe it is,
[14:28.88]it's the best way to find out
[14:30.75]how safe it is.
[14:32.25]M: And how much time
[14:34.22]do you think you saved,
[14:35.28]Carolyn, by doing that?
[14:36.97]W: You know,
[14:37.71]if you can write in a lot of checks,
[14:40.11]if you're making transfers,
[14:41.90]checking your statements,
[14:43.22]you can save 30 minutes,
[14:44.82]even up to an hour.
[14:46.78]M: Surely it's a big amount of time.
[14:48.70]Then the second tip is online grocers.
[14:52.18]Now, that's really not common
[14:54.73]but you actually
[14:55.76]go grocery shopping online.
[14:58.04]W: That's exactly
[14:59.40]what you should do.
[15:00.42]And of course,
[15:01.75]if you are the type of person
[15:03.48]that wants to read every label
[15:05.19]and look at every piece of fruit,
[15:07.20]it's probably not suitable for you.
[15:09.67]But, you know,
[15:10.68]if you want to give up
[15:11.98]a little control,
[15:13.04]you can definitely save some time.
[15:15.47]This is the end
[15:17.00]of Part One of the interview.
[15:18.69]Questions 1 to 5 are based on
[15:21.26]what you have just heard.
[15:23.28]1. What is the topic
[15:25.45]of the interview?
[15:36.85]2. According to the man,
[15:39.45]what do a lot of people do
[15:41.15]in the morning?
[15:52.45]3. According to Carolyn,
[15:55.14]what is the best way to save time
[15:57.04]in the morning?
[16:08.12]4. How many tips
[16:10.37]related to the Internet
[16:11.89]have been mentioned by Carolyn?
[16:23.79]5. Which of the following is
[16:25.89]NOT mentioned as a function
[16:27.83]of online banking?
[16:39.43]Now, listen to Part Two
[16:41.26]of the interview.
[16:42.69]Questions 6 to 10 are based on
[16:44.89]Part Two of the interview.
[16:47.66]M: And what's the good strategy
[16:49.34]if you decide to shop online?
[16:52.19]W: What I would suggest
[16:53.50]is especially starting out,
[16:55.21]that is, doing the staples online.
[16:57.24]The brands that you use
[16:59.09]all the time,
[17:00.49]the paper products,
[17:01.64]the cleaning products,
[17:03.13]get them online
[17:04.81]and then go to the store
[17:06.28]for the meats in the produce.
[17:08.04]M: Now for those
[17:09.35]who like the library,
[17:10.80]you say they'd better
[17:12.15]go online first
[17:13.30]and reserve the book basically
[17:15.33]before they actually
[17:16.46]make the trip out to the library.
[17:18.94]W: That's exactly right.
[17:20.80]Check the library's website.
[17:22.80]You can reserve books
[17:24.70]rather than make a trip
[17:25.74]and find out
[17:26.65]they don't have the book
[17:27.76]that you want.
[17:28.70]You can put it in an order
[17:30.49]and they will call you
[17:32.34]and let you know when it's in
[17:33.20]and then you go and get it.
[17:35.50]the fourth tip.
[17:36.83]I like it a lot because I travel a lot.
[17:39.87]It is printing your boarding pass
[17:42.07]before you go to the airport.
[17:44.20]That is so smart, right?
[17:46.33]W: Really, it's really amazing,
[17:48.46]especially that you
[17:49.45]don't have to check luggage.
[17:51.84]if you have to check luggage,
[17:53.34]it's going to take you a little time.
[17:55.65]But if you're just carrying on,
[17:58.01]you skip those chaos
[17:59.89]and go right to the gate.
[18:01.53]M: That's brilliant.
[18:03.43]Now for those of us
[18:04.97]who are always looking
[18:06.07]for the same phone number,
[18:07.37]I know I'm like this.
[18:09.55]I leaf through the phone book,
[18:10.91]I find the phone number,
[18:12.27]I call it,
[18:13.19]I shut the phone book,
[18:14.48]and then the next week
[18:16.45]I'm going to use that same number.
[18:18.41]What's the good way
[18:19.62]to keep track of those things?
[18:21.62]W: Highlight it.
[18:24.11]just do it in a bright color,
[18:25.87]so it jumps out to you
[18:28.01]if it's something that you use often.
[18:30.28]And organize your phone book.
[18:32.35]That's really important.
[18:34.00]No more napkins
[18:35.62]and envelope flaps
[18:36.77]and old Christmas cards
[18:38.08]and phone numbers.
[18:39.63]Do it nicely and you
[18:41.03]will find things quicker.
[18:42.40]M: And lastly,
[18:43.89]you also say it's a good idea
[18:46.01]to store scissors
[18:47.63]in every single room
[18:49.48]in case you will wrap presents,
[18:51.39]and do such things.
[18:53.59]you'll always have a thread
[18:54.92]you have to clip,
[18:56.15]a tag you have to take off,
[18:57.98]a little brush, and you know,
[19:00.33]right at the front door
[19:01.91]before you go out.
[19:02.71]Make it look great.
[19:04.05]M: You are so smart.
[19:06.32]I feel like we have saved time today.
[19:10.88]thank you so much.
[19:12.35]W: Thank you!
[19:13.51]M: We really appreciate your time.
[19:15.43]W: You are welcome.
[19:16.70]This is the end
[19:18.29]of Part Two of the interview.
[19:20.57]Questions 6 to 10 are based on
[19:22.15]what you have just heard.
[19:23.99]6. According to Carolyn,
[19:27.64]what should be bought from stores?
[19:40.44]7. According to Carolyn,
[19:42.84]what should you do first
[19:44.51]if you want to borrow books
[19:46.20]from the library?
[19:57.28]8. Who can go
[19:59.31]on the flight the quickest?
[20:11.20]9. What is suggested to use
[20:14.43]to make the phone number
[20:15.98]easy to find?
[20:27.31]10. What is Carolyn's last tip
[20:30.75]for saving time?