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2019专八听力全真模拟练习mp3附文本(3)

2019-01-08 10:24:55 来源:网络专四专八资料下载

2019专八听力全真模拟练习mp3附文本(3)

  2019专八考试将于2019年3月23日上午开考,专八听力占整个试卷25分,是除阅读外第二大分值题型,需要通过长期的积累和多听多练才能提高此题型得分率,在考试前期新东方在线整理了20套专八听力全真模拟练习题,音频内容完全按照专八听力考试形式,包含minilecture和conversation希望对大家自测练习有所帮助。


  [00:23.98]TEST 3

  [00:25.14]SECTION A MINI-LECTURE

  [00:26.69]In this section

  [00:29.54]you will hear a mini-lecture.

  [00:31.51]You will hear the mini-lecture

  [00:32.92]ONCE ONLY.

  [00:34.52]While listening to the mini-lecture,

  [00:36.49]please complete the gap-filling task

  [00:38.83]on ANSWER SHEET ONE and write

  [00:41.40]NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS

  [00:42.76]for each gap.

  [00:44.00]Make sure the word(s) you fill in

  [00:47.17]is (are) both grammatically

  [00:50.06]and semantically acceptable.

  [00:52.31]You may use the blank sheet

  [00:54.20]for note-taking.

  [00:55.77]You have THIRTY seconds

  [00:57.51]to preview the gap-filling task.

  [01:29.84]Now listen to the mini-lecture.

  [01:31.96]When it is over,

  [01:32.95]you will be given THREE minutes

  [01:34.62]to check your work.

  [01:37.04]How to Succeed

  [01:37.96]in Your Literature Class

  [01:40.01]Good morning everyone,

  [01:41.79]our topic today is

  [01:43.74]about how to do well

  [01:44.96]in your literature class

  [01:46.68]in your college days.

  [01:48.10]College literature classes

  [01:50.13]often shock people

  [01:51.41]with little or no experience

  [01:52.64]of analyzing literature closely.

  [01:55.82]First year students

  [01:56.89]and those pre-med students

  [01:59.05]just fulfilling

  [01:59.83]their lone literature requirement

  [02:00.96]generally find themselves uncertain

  [02:04.34]of how to approach

  [02:05.64]the assigned readings,

  [02:07.19]class discussions, and papers.

  [02:10.03]The seemingly

  [02:10.94]intimidating classes

  [02:12.39]may further terrify students

  [02:13.96]if language skills are

  [02:15.83]not their strong points.

  [02:18.30]Literature courses

  [02:19.44]and assignments tend to be

  [02:20.98]extremely different from those

  [02:22.50]of any other discipline

  [02:23.97]because of

  [02:25.80]their extreme subjectivity.

  [02:27.11]This aspect is

  [02:28.99]what many people

  [02:29.92]tend to find most surprising

  [02:30.81]and challenging in

  [02:33.59]an academic setting.

  [02:35.62]I am not saying

  [02:36.42]that you can throw reason

  [02:37.72]and fact out of the window

  [02:39.48]in literature courses,

  [02:40.86]but you are given

  [02:41.89]much more intellectual freedom

  [02:43.79]with your personal thoughts and ideas.

  [02:46.38]And that is a feature that catches

  [02:48.18]those accustomed

  [02:49.38]to regimented rules

  [02:50.70]and precise answers

  [02:51.96]in experiments

  [02:52.88]and problem sets slightly off guard.

  [02:56.52]The most important pieces

  [02:57.93]of advice I can offer

  [02:59.29]those considering

  [03:00.39]taking a literature course is

  [03:01.71]to be ready

  [03:02.96]and willing to read everything

  [03:05.24]questioningly, closely,

  [03:06.35]and in advance.

  [03:08.78]Let's begin with the

  [03:09.60]"in advance" piece of wisdom.

  [03:11.83]Literature professors hate

  [03:13.72]when their students

  [03:15.03]have not done

  [03:15.89]the assigned reading.

  [03:17.52]They assigned it for a reason,

  [03:18.88]so have it finished

  [03:20.82]when you get to class.

  [03:22.82]For large lectures students

  [03:24.72]often think it is not

  [03:26.04]that important to do the readings

  [03:27.61]since they will not be forced

  [03:29.57]to speak up

  [03:30.53]and offer opinions.

  [03:32.07]This is completely wrong.

  [03:34.22]Why attend a lecture

  [03:36.10]on a piece of writing

  [03:37.11]that the professor assumes

  [03:38.67]you have read?

  [03:40.00]You will take nothing away

  [03:41.64]from the lecture

  [03:42.76]and will not be able to

  [03:44.17]make any sense

  [03:44.96]of whatever notes you take,

  [03:46.51]even if you read the material

  [03:47.75]after the fact.

  [03:50.09]Also professors tend to be

  [03:52.45]plot spoilers,

  [03:53.93]so if you are taking a class

  [03:55.53]in which you are reading novels,

  [03:57.20]if you do not want to find out

  [03:59.32]who dies or gets arrested

  [04:01.40]or falls in love

  [04:03.12]or any other possible endings,

  [04:04.80]I would highly recommend

  [04:06.72]reading the book before class.

  [04:09.45]In small classes

  [04:10.99]that have lots of open discussion,

  [04:13.11]professors can always tell

  [04:15.15]who has

  [04:15.93]and who has not done

  [04:17.57]the week's reading.

  [04:18.80]Don't think it won't affect

  [04:20.42]your participation grade

  [04:22.14]for the course.

  [04:22.99]Also if you are

  [04:24.64]a particularly shy individual

  [04:26.25]who doesn't often speak up

  [04:28.47]in class anyway,

  [04:30.01]you will be

  [04:30.66]even less likely to participate

  [04:32.91]if you have no idea

  [04:34.77]what the discussion is about.

  [04:36.93]Come to class

  [04:37.68]with your reading finished

  [04:39.20]and you will certainly think

  [04:41.02]of some way to contribute

  [04:42.30]to the class dialogue.

  [04:43.80]The entire point of a literature class

  [04:46.43]is to engross a student

  [04:48.54]in the general aspects

  [04:49.65]of important books,

  [04:51.39]to explore many subtle differences

  [04:52.96]of how stories are crafted,

  [04:55.39]and to train the college scholar

  [04:57.62]to read

  [04:58.36]and digest huge

  [04:59.95]amounts of information.

  [05:01.44]You won't do well

  [05:03.23]in the course

  [05:03.95]without making

  [05:04.61]a sincere attempt to read

  [05:06.19]and understand

  [05:07.43]every assigned text.

  [05:09.39]Next, make sure you read

  [05:11.70]all material very closely.

  [05:14.18]Do not skim through

  [05:15.88]seemingly unimportant passages

  [05:17.85]of long novels,

  [05:19.54]or read Spark Notes

  [05:21.46]and think you know what happens

  [05:22.94]in the reading.

  [05:24.97]These methods of "reading"

  [05:26.06]leave you without any idea

  [05:27.93]of the author's style

  [05:29.16]or deeper intentions;

  [05:30.05]they merely give you plot

  [05:32.51]or surface meanings.

  [05:34.04]Reading things halfway

  [05:36.47]will be of no benefit to you

  [05:37.97]when it is time

  [05:39.41]to write your papers.

  [05:41.30]Literature professors

  [05:42.70]usually want papers

  [05:44.26]that are very sharply focused

  [05:45.86]and detailed.

  [05:47.35]Often they will assign topics

  [05:49.15]that include one of the phrases

  [05:51.02]"pick one sentence from the novel",

  [05:53.71]or "choose a short passage",

  [05:55.95]or"discuss a single metaphor".

  [05:58.63]These exercises

  [06:00.52]in close reading force students

  [06:02.73]to unpack every word within

  [06:04.79]their chosen section of the text

  [06:06.73]and discuss

  [06:07.83]many different possible meanings

  [06:09.86]and implications.

  [06:11.16]This is where

  [06:12.38]a literature student's freedom

  [06:13.98]in thinking is clearly exhibited.

  [06:16.21]There is no single answer

  [06:18.31]or interpretation to

  [06:19.81]most pieces of literature,

  [06:21.32]but students must be able to

  [06:23.66]read closely enough

  [06:25.20]to defend a case

  [06:26.09]with textual evidence

  [06:27.68]that will support

  [06:28.80]their personal interpretation.

  [06:31.32]Finally, do not feel defeated

  [06:33.61]if you find a piece of evidence

  [06:35.32]in the text

  [06:36.29]that seems to contradict the line

  [06:38.53]of thinking you had developed

  [06:40.04]about the piece of literature.

  [06:41.94]Literature papers and discussions

  [06:43.97]should question every theory

  [06:45.95]by offering counterevidence.

  [06:48.43]As I previously said,

  [06:50.31]clear-cut answers do not exist

  [06:52.99]in any form of literature,

  [06:54.98]be it poetry, fiction, essays,

  [06:57.12]or even nonfiction.

  [06:58.96]You must read all genres

  [07:01.16]with a discerning eye,

  [07:02.95]and instead of

  [07:03.92]avoiding possible conflicts

  [07:05.71]in your papers,

  [07:06.69]use them to show

  [07:08.18]that you have fully thought

  [07:09.60]through your arguments.

  [07:11.68]Think of ways

  [07:12.78]that they can fit in and support,

  [07:14.97]or simply acknowledge

  [07:16.31]that something

  [07:17.42]seems unexplainable to

  [07:18.57]your uncertainty is acceptable

  [07:21.06]in literature courses;

  [07:22.60]after all, you generally

  [07:24.40]do not have access to

  [07:26.21]the author's personal thoughts.

  [07:28.32]Just be sure that even

  [07:30.18]your uncertainty delves into

  [07:32.40]possible interpretations of a work,

  [07:34.26]sentence, or word.

  [07:36.28]Literature discussions

  [07:37.85]and papers do not need to

  [07:39.41]provide answers per say,

  [07:41.38]but they must be thought provoking.

  [07:44.32]So unpack single words,

  [07:45.93]look up meanings and histories,

  [07:48.25]analyze sentence structures

  [07:50.96]for potential purposes,

  [07:52.19]and never stop questioning

  [07:54.10]your thoughts.

  [07:55.31]And the last piece of advice

  [07:57.23]I have to offer:

  [07:58.50]look at the reading lists

  [08:00.12]of literature courses

  [08:01.12]you are considering

  [08:02.31]so you do not

  [08:03.32]make yourself miserable

  [08:04.68]by spending

  [08:05.50]a semester reading literature

  [08:06.96]you have no interest in.

  [08:09.08]Literature courses

  [08:10.82]should be enjoyable,

  [08:12.30]and their readings stimulating,

  [08:14.53]so find one that interests you

  [08:16.72]and begin analyzing everything!

  [08:19.66]OK, today I've given

  [08:21.57]several tips to you

  [08:22.88]regarding the ways of succeeding

  [08:24.67]in your literature class.

  [08:26.34]I hope they could

  [08:27.89]help you get your hands

  [08:28.97]on the class

  [08:29.78]when you are ready to go.

  [08:31.52]Thank you for listening.

  [08:33.28]Now, you have THREE minutes

  [08:35.59]to check your work.

  [11:36.44]This is the end of

  [11:37.36]Section A Mini-lecture.

  [11:40.70]SECTION B INTERVIEW

  [11:42.77]In this section

  [11:43.87]you will hear ONE interview.

  [11:46.02]The interview

  [11:46.70]will be divided into TWO parts.

  [11:48.93]At the end of each part,

  [11:50.48]five questions will be asked

  [11:52.72]about what was said.

  [11:54.08]Both the interview

  [11:55.14]and the questions

  [11:56.40]will be spoken ONCE ONLY.

  [11:58.84]After each question

  [12:00.61]there will be a ten-second pause.

  [12:03.25]During the pause,

  [12:04.50]you should read the four choices

  [12:06.87]of A, B, C and D,

  [12:09.15]and mark the best answer

  [12:10.85]to each question

  [12:12.08]on ANSWER SHEET TWO.

  [12:14.16]You have THIRTY seconds

  [12:15.89]to preview the questions.

  [12:48.00]Now, listen to Part One

  [12:49.31]of the interview.

  [12:51.13]Questions 1 to 5 are based on

  [12:53.25]Part One of the interview.

  [12:56.62]W: We brought in a person

  [12:57.67]to help us understand

  [12:58.83]what regrets are all about.

  [13:01.51]Reverend Sherri Hausser is

  [13:03.21]an associate pastor at

  [13:04.77]the Bryn Mawr Presbyterian Church

  [13:06.94]in Pennsylvania.

  [13:08.23]Nice to have you here.

  [13:09.69]M: Thank you.

  [13:10.82]W: We talked about this,

  [13:12.49]I guess in the meeting,

  [13:13.66]that everybody on the staff said

  [13:16.00]we should do a segment

  [13:17.16]about regrets. Why?

  [13:18.85]Why is it something

  [13:20.22]we need to talk about?

  [13:21.58]M: Regrets are

  [13:22.70]amongst the most human things

  [13:23.92]we have,

  [13:24.94]these amazing invitations

  [13:27.06]and opportunities to grow.

  [13:29.24]So if you don't have regrets,

  [13:30.88]I mean I wouldn't want to deal

  [13:32.95]with someone

  [13:33.70]who didn't have regrets.

  [13:35.45]W: But immediately

  [13:36.82]you say regrets are positive,

  [13:38.89]and most people don't think

  [13:40.61]that way.

  [13:41.54]Most people think

  [13:42.75]that regrets are negative.

  [13:44.18]M: I think they have

  [13:45.61]a negative attitude on regrets

  [13:47.47]because we've been taught

  [13:48.80]that regrets are a bad thing,

  [13:50.16]so we repress them

  [13:52.95]and have a certain amount

  [13:54.04]of shame about them.

  [13:55.18]But I think they are

  [13:56.14]absolutely an opportunity

  [13:58.20]if we acknowledge them.

  [14:00.13]W: Basically two kinds of regrets.

  [14:02.60]Wouldn't that be fair

  [14:04.24]to say most people have regrets

  [14:06.03]about a personal relationship

  [14:07.76]or about an opportunity

  [14:09.30]and sometimes obviously

  [14:11.28]those things that cross over?

  [14:13.38]When is the amount of time

  [14:15.11]you spend worrying

  [14:15.95]about something you think

  [14:17.14]about normal?

  [14:18.47]And when does it

  [14:19.57]become something

  [14:20.51]that negatively impacts your life?

  [14:22.65]M: I think

  [14:23.78]if it makes you stop functioning,

  [14:25.34]then it becomes abnormal

  [14:27.41]as long as the regret stays

  [14:29.18]as an energy.

  [14:30.70]Sometimes you have to sit with it

  [14:32.84]for a long time.

  [14:34.18]You sit with the regret

  [14:35.68]and you try to understand.

  [14:37.61]It's never about the past.

  [14:39.88]It's a present emotion.

  [14:41.52]And what it really is—

  [14:43.80]it's a yearning

  [14:44.56]about something in the future;

  [14:45.89]it's something popping up

  [14:47.48]and saying

  [14:48.30]"Wow, I could be more,

  [14:49.60]I could do something different."

  [14:52.65]It's really about focusing on

  [14:54.95]the future,

  [14:55.81]even though it seems to be

  [14:57.06]about the past.

  [14:58.68]W: Sometimes it's about the past.

  [15:00.96]A woman in The Pizzaria said,

  [15:03.38]"I regret not listening to my mom

  [15:05.71]and getting married too young."

  [15:07.57]Clearly she set some problems

  [15:09.61]in the past.

  [15:11.86]This is the end

  [15:12.74]of Part One of the interview.

  [15:15.06]Questions 1 to 5 are based on

  [15:16.86]what you have just heard.

  [15:19.39]1. What's Sherri's occupation?

  [15:33.16]2. Why is it necessary

  [15:35.41]for people to talk about

  [15:36.90]"regrets"?

  [15:48.31]3. What is Sherri's attitude

  [15:51.09]towards regrets?

  [16:02.16]4. What does Sherri equate

  [16:04.86]regrets with?

  [16:16.32]5. What does the interviewer

  [16:18.98]intend to tell by citing

  [16:20.94]the example of the woman

  [16:22.45]regretting marrying too young?

  [16:34.73]Now, listen to Part Two

  [16:36.25]of the interview.

  [16:37.75]Questions 6 to 10 are based on

  [16:39.96]Part Two of the interview.

  [16:42.87]M: Yeah, that's true.

  [16:44.56]I think that the important thing

  [16:46.21]about regret is not to repress it.

  [16:48.82]I think it starts to bother us,

  [16:51.10]and it inhibits us from acting

  [16:52.75]if we don't acknowledge it.

  [16:54.17]I think if we articulate it,

  [16:56.04]look at what the regret is,

  [16:57.69]then it frees us up

  [16:59.33]to do something about it.

  [17:00.89]W: So you say,

  [17:02.54]"OK, I've got a regret.

  [17:04.19]All right.

  [17:05.07]Here is what I did

  [17:06.61]in a personal relationship.

  [17:07.97]Here is what I said to a person

  [17:10.53]that I wished I hadn't said it."

  [17:12.51]Now, get off your butt,

  [17:13.97]and change it.

  [17:15.08]So, if you made someone upset,

  [17:17.10]you go and apologize.

  [17:19.37]Is it as simple as that?

  [17:21.25]M: Well, sometimes it is

  [17:23.61]as simple as that. I mean,

  [17:25.98]it depends again

  [17:27.07]on what the regret is about.

  [17:29.65]But for example, regretting

  [17:31.57]that you married too young—

  [17:32.90]it's not about marrying too young.

  [17:35.63]That is over.

  [17:37.68]You can't do anything about the past.

  [17:39.36]But the regret is really

  [17:41.14]about right now.

  [17:43.00]What do I want different

  [17:44.85]about this relationship

  [17:46.03]that I'm in?

  [17:47.56]And sometimes that means

  [17:48.82]I don't want to be

  [17:49.90]in this relationship anymore,

  [17:51.85]and I have to act that way,

  [17:54.02]and that's a very serious thing,

  [17:56.45]but it is not about the past.

  [17:58.81]Regret is a yearning

  [17:59.74]about the future,

  [18:01.51]and a yearning to be more.

  [18:03.70]W: What's the difference

  [18:04.73]between regret and guilt?

  [18:07.35]M: I would say

  [18:08.10]that guilt is something

  [18:09.44]that we used to

  [18:10.41]beat ourselves up with.

  [18:12.09]It's something

  [18:12.68]that actually stalls us

  [18:14.43]and keeps us from acting.

  [18:16.39]Regret on the other hand,

  [18:17.75]is really

  [18:18.41]an opportunity toward action.

  [18:21.66]If we articulate it,

  [18:22.97]then we're compelled

  [18:24.07]to do something different about it.

  [18:26.10]And it really is an opportunity.

  [18:28.85]W: What do you say to those

  [18:30.37]who are out there living

  [18:31.60]with regrets for years?

  [18:33.56]M: I would say you

  [18:34.92]have to have a shift

  [18:35.88]in perspective.

  [18:37.70]The second you feel that regret,

  [18:39.73]you may think

  [18:40.39]"Oh my God,

  [18:42.38]an amazing opportunity right now,

  [18:44.74]to grow, to develop,

  [18:46.64]to discover something new

  [18:48.30]about myself."

  [18:50.17]To be specific,

  [18:51.45]I would say that

  [18:52.43]the first thing you do

  [18:53.49]is to identify it.

  [18:55.80]The second thing is that

  [18:57.02]if it is something that is past,

  [18:59.17]that you can't reclaim

  [19:00.91]in a certain way,

  [19:02.34]you have to grieve it.

  [19:04.40]The third thing is by grieving,

  [19:06.70]you free yourself up to say

  [19:08.57]"What can I do now?"

  [19:10.66]If it's that I didn't have a child,

  [19:12.91]maybe I can adopt one.

  [19:15.04]If I can't adopt,

  [19:16.51]maybe I can engage the children

  [19:18.85]in my life, my niece's,

  [19:21.07]my nephew's,

  [19:22.03]other people's children,

  [19:23.83]volunteer with children.

  [19:26.14]It's a way to really manifest part

  [19:28.33]of ourselves

  [19:29.24]that's been repressed

  [19:30.59]and that we've wanted to inform.

  [19:33.58]W: I'm going to make

  [19:34.42]that one the last word.

  [19:36.50]I regret we're out of time,

  [19:38.43]so thanks very much.

  [19:40.18]M: Glad to be here.

  [19:41.81]This is the end

  [19:43.35]of Part Two of the interview.

  [19:45.73]Questions 6 to 10 are based on

  [19:47.94]what you have just heard.

  [19:50.44]6. What does Sherri think

  [19:53.65]about changing

  [19:54.66]the situations brought

  [19:56.04]about by things

  [19:57.10]we regret on?

  [20:08.44]7. What is the difference

  [20:10.56]between regret and guilt?

  [20:22.80]8. Which of the following is

  [20:25.38]NOT Sherri's suggestion

  [20:27.23]for people living

  [20:27.98]with regrets for years?

  [20:40.10]9. What will Sherri do

  [20:42.59]if he can't have a child?

  [20:54.53]10. What does this part

  [20:57.41]of the interview

  [20:58.41]mainly focus on?

本文关键字: 专八听力 2019专八听力 专八

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