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2019专八听力全真模拟练习mp3附文本(4)

2019-01-08 10:25:54 来源:网络专四专八资料下载

2019专八听力全真模拟练习mp3附文本(4)

  2019专八考试将于2019年3月23日上午开考,专八听力占整个试卷25分,是除阅读外第二大分值题型,需要通过长期的积累和多听多练才能提高此题型得分率,在考试前期新东方在线整理了20套专八听力全真模拟练习题,音频内容完全按照专八听力考试形式,包含minilecture和conversation希望对大家自测练习有所帮助。


  [00:21.92]TEST 4

  [00:25.77]SECTION A MINI-LECTURE

  [00:28.68]In this section

  [00:29.56]you will hear a mini-lecture.

  [00:31.94]You will hear the mini-lecture

  [00:33.44]ONCE ONLY.

  [00:34.82]While listening to the mini-lecture,

  [00:36.25]please complete the gap-filling task

  [00:38.75]on ANSWER SHEET ONE and write

  [00:41.37]NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS

  [00:42.17]for each gap.

  [00:44.27]Make sure the word(s) you fill in

  [00:47.58]is (are) both grammatically

  [00:50.04]and semantically acceptable.

  [00:52.70]You may use the blank sheet

  [00:54.45]for note-taking.

  [00:56.15]You have THIRTY seconds

  [00:57.41]to preview the gap-filling task.

  [01:29.79]Now listen to the mini-lecture.

  [01:31.99]When it is over,

  [01:33.00]you will be given THREE minutes

  [01:34.65]to check your work.

  [01:36.40]Reading Tips

  [01:38.22]Good morning, everyone.

  [01:39.75]Last class we discussed

  [01:41.45]some of the shifts and trends

  [01:43.07]in theories relating to reading.

  [01:45.57]This time we will examine tips

  [01:47.61]which will help to develop

  [01:49.21]our abilities as learners

  [01:50.70]in reading classes.

  [01:52.51]These tips can be viewed

  [01:54.10]in three consecutive stages:

  [01:55.72]before reading,

  [01:57.38]during reading, and after reading.

  [01:59.85]For instance,

  [02:00.84]before starting to read a text

  [02:02.97]it is natural to think of the purpose

  [02:05.22]of reading the text.

  [02:07.08]As an example of

  [02:08.04]the during-reading techniques,

  [02:10.28]re-reading

  [02:10.89]for better comprehension

  [02:12.21]can be mentioned.

  [02:13.25]And filling out forms and charts

  [02:16.01]can be referred to

  [02:16.81]as an after-reading activity.

  [02:19.77]These tasks and ideas

  [02:20.73]can be used to enhance

  [02:22.57]reading comprehension.

  [02:24.43]First of all, I will introduce to you

  [02:27.07]some pre-reading tips.

  [02:29.37]Before the actual act

  [02:31.24]of reading a text begins,

  [02:32.48]some points should be noted

  [02:34.20]in order to make the process

  [02:35.80]of reading easier.

  [02:37.36]It is necessary to find

  [02:38.71]the necessary

  [02:39.80]background information

  [02:41.35]to facilitate comprehension.

  [02:43.59]In addition,

  [02:44.70]pre-reading discussion activities

  [02:47.16]can lighten learners'

  [02:48.59]cognitive burden while reading,

  [02:50.47]because prior discussions

  [02:52.17]will have been incorporated.

  [02:54.09]Some key vocabulary and ideas

  [02:56.94]in the text

  [02:57.87]should be acquired beforehand,

  [02:59.99]including key concepts,

  [03:02.16]important vocabulary,

  [03:03.49]and appropriate

  [03:05.01]conceptual framework.

  [03:06.73]The teacher may lead a discussion

  [03:08.97]in which he or she draws out

  [03:11.12]the information

  [03:12.21]you already have and interjects

  [03:14.45]additional information

  [03:15.82]deemed necessary to

  [03:17.14]an understanding of the text

  [03:19.19]to be read. Moreover,

  [03:20.97]the teacher can make explicit links

  [03:23.40]between prior knowledge

  [03:24.96]and important information

  [03:26.55]in the text.

  [03:27.71]Therefore, involve yourselves

  [03:29.78]in this part.

  [03:31.01]It is also necessary for you

  [03:33.56]to become aware of the purpose

  [03:35.63]and goal of reading a certain piece

  [03:37.52]of written material.

  [03:39.20]At the beginning stage

  [03:41.13]this can be done by the teacher,

  [03:43.19]but as you become more mature,

  [03:45.28]this purpose, i.e.

  [03:47.64]awareness-raising strategy,

  [03:49.27]can be left to yourselves.

  [03:51.68]For instance,

  [03:52.90]you may be guided

  [03:53.98]to ask yourselves,

  [03:55.19]"Why am I reading this text?

  [03:57.18]What do I want to know

  [03:58.87]or do after reading?"

  [04:00.72]One of the most obvious,

  [04:02.53]but unnoticed points

  [04:03.93]related to reading purpose

  [04:05.83]is the consideration

  [04:07.27]of the different types of reading skills.

  [04:09.87]Skimming is reading rapidly

  [04:12.05]for the main points;

  [04:13.59]scanning is reading rapidly

  [04:15.99]to find a specific piece

  [04:17.62]of information;

  [04:19.01]extensive reading

  [04:20.34]is reading a longer text,

  [04:22.18]often for pleasure with emphasis

  [04:24.76]on overall meaning;

  [04:26.20]intensive reading

  [04:27.84]is reading a short text

  [04:29.20]for detailed information.

  [04:31.21]However, the four skills are

  [04:33.01]often subsumed into one—

  [04:34.98]intensive reading.

  [04:36.97]The most frequently

  [04:38.54]encountered reason is

  [04:39.64]that when you study

  [04:41.20]a foreign language,

  [04:42.49]you feel the urge

  [04:43.78]to look up every word

  [04:45.06]you don't understand

  [04:46.41]and to pinpoint

  [04:47.81]every structural point

  [04:49.49]you see unfamiliar.

  [04:51.64]To be aware of

  [04:52.80]the different types of reading,

  [04:54.19]ask yourselves about the types

  [04:56.34]of reading you do

  [04:58.02]in your first language.

  [04:59.15]What's more, you must

  [05:00.89]become familiar with the fact

  [05:02.78]that texts may take

  [05:04.23]on different forms

  [05:05.51]and hold certain pieces of information

  [05:07.94]in different places.

  [05:09.41]Thus, it is necessary to understand

  [05:11.57]the layout of the material

  [05:13.49]being read in order to

  [05:15.42]focus more deeply on the parts

  [05:17.24]that are more

  [05:18.16]densely compacted with information.

  [05:20.18]Even paying attention to the year

  [05:22.35]of publication of a text,

  [05:24.33]if applicable,

  [05:25.56]may aid you in presuppositions

  [05:27.85]about the text

  [05:29.43]as can glancing at the name

  [05:31.13]of the author.

  [05:32.27]The tips I mentioned in pre-reading

  [05:34.58]will not take a very long time

  [05:36.44]to carry out.

  [05:37.30]The purpose is to remind you

  [05:39.37]to overcome the common urge

  [05:41.30]to start reading a text closely

  [05:43.71]right away from the beginning.

  [05:45.60]After learning

  [05:46.65]about the pre-reading tips,

  [05:48.35]of course we will move

  [05:49.83]to the during-reading tips.

  [05:52.18]What follows are tips

  [05:53.80]that encourage active reading.

  [05:55.72]They consist of summarizing,

  [05:58.02]reacting, questioning,

  [06:00.05]arguing, evaluating,

  [06:01.96]and placing a text within one's

  [06:03.80]own experience.

  [06:05.73]These processes may be

  [06:07.40]the most complex

  [06:08.50]to develop in a classroom setting,

  [06:10.94]the reason being that

  [06:12.50]in English reading classes

  [06:13.96]most attention

  [06:15.11]is often paid to dictionaries,

  [06:17.47]the text,

  [06:18.06]and the teacher.

  [06:19.09]The teacher

  [06:20.02]may interrupt this routine

  [06:21.83]and encourage you to talk

  [06:23.33]about what you are reading.

  [06:25.31]I suggest the following strategies.

  [06:28.06]① Make predictions as to

  [06:30.26]what is going to happen next

  [06:32.15]in the text and be able to integrate

  [06:34.64]and combine what has come

  [06:36.65]with what is to come.

  [06:38.05]② Readers who are

  [06:40.15]more proficient read selectively,

  [06:42.13]continually making decisions

  [06:44.35]about their reading.

  [06:45.91]③ The prior knowledge

  [06:47.84]that has been activated

  [06:48.98]in the pre-reading section

  [06:50.66]should be called up

  [06:52.01]to facilitate comprehension.

  [06:54.11]④ Concentrate on

  [06:56.59]significant pieces of information

  [06:58.74]while skipping insignificant pieces.

  [07:01.49]⑤ Make use of context or guess.

  [07:04.85]You are not encouraged to define

  [07:06.96]and understand every single

  [07:09.02]unknown word in a text.

  [07:11.79]Instead you should learn

  [07:13.21]to make use of context to guess

  [07:15.86]the meaning of unknown words.

  [07:18.26]⑥ Break words into

  [07:20.14]their component parts

  [07:21.19]to keep the process

  [07:22.76]of comprehension ongoing.

  [07:24.52]Efficient readers break words

  [07:26.93]into their affixes or bases.

  [07:29.43]These parts can help you

  [07:30.94]guess the meaning of a word.

  [07:32.89]⑦ Read in chunks.

  [07:35.67]To ensure reading speed,

  [07:38.06]you should get used to

  [07:39.23]reading groups of words together.

  [07:41.45]This act will also

  [07:43.07]enhance comprehension

  [07:44.33]by focusing on groups

  [07:46.30]of meaning-conveying symbols

  [07:48.38]simultaneously.

  [07:49.84]⑧ Learn to pause.

  [07:52.29]Good readers will pause

  [07:54.31]at certain places

  [07:55.77]while reading a text to absorb

  [07:57.75]and internalize the material

  [07:59.67]being read

  [08:00.60]and sort out information.

  [08:03.70]⑨ Paraphrase.

  [08:05.15]While reading texts it may be

  [08:07.41]necessary to paraphrase

  [08:08.97]and interpret texts subvocally

  [08:11.28]in order to verify what

  [08:13.34]was comprehended.

  [08:15.26]Finally, I will give you

  [08:17.36]several after-reading tips.

  [08:19.28]It is necessary to state

  [08:21.22]that post-reading activities almost

  [08:23.41]always depend on

  [08:24.82]the purpose of reading.

  [08:26.23]Doing post-reading exercises

  [08:28.09]first checks your comprehension

  [08:30.28]and then leads you to

  [08:31.51]a deeper analysis of the text.

  [08:33.84]In the real world

  [08:35.59]the purpose of reading

  [08:36.87]is not to memorize

  [08:38.29]an author's point of view

  [08:39.87]or to summarize text content,

  [08:42.68]but rather to see

  [08:44.11]into another mind,

  [08:45.73]or to mesh new information

  [08:47.83]with what one already knows.

  [08:50.28]Group discussion will help you

  [08:51.96]focus on information

  [08:53.43]you did not comprehend,

  [08:54.90]or comprehended incorrectly.

  [08:57.28]Accordingly, attention will be

  [08:59.60]focused on processes

  [09:00.98]that lead to comprehension

  [09:02.54]or miscomprehension.

  [09:04.65]Generally speaking,

  [09:06.15]post-reading can take the form

  [09:08.30]of various activities

  [09:09.68]such as discussing the text,

  [09:12.28]summarizing, making questions,

  [09:14.63]filling in forms and charts,

  [09:17.00]writing reading logs,

  [09:18.86]role-playing and so on.

  [09:20.64]OK. That's all for today's lecture.

  [09:23.41]I hope these suggestions

  [09:25.06]can be helpful during your reading.

  [09:26.82]See you next week.

  [09:30.32]Now, you have THREE minutes

  [09:31.75]to check your work.

  [12:33.64]This is the end

  [12:34.44]of Section A Mini-lecture.

  [12:38.06]SECTION B INTERVIEW

  [12:40.64]In this section

  [12:41.94]you will hear ONE interview.

  [12:43.78]The interview will be

  [12:45.43]divided into TWO parts.

  [12:47.36]At the end of each part,

  [12:49.38]five questions will be

  [12:50.56]asked about what was said.

  [12:52.20]Both the interview

  [12:53.46]and the questions

  [12:54.66]will be spoken ONCE ONLY.

  [12:56.97]After each question

  [12:58.47]there will be

  [12:59.37]a ten-second pause.

  [13:00.60]During the pause,

  [13:01.70]you should read

  [13:02.59]the four choices

  [13:03.69]of A, B, C and D,

  [13:06.70]and mark the best answer

  [13:08.44]to each question

  [13:09.59]on ANSWER SHEET TWO.

  [13:11.48]You have THIRTY seconds

  [13:12.93]to preview the questions.

  [13:45.02]Now, listen to Part One

  [13:46.47]of the interview.

  [13:48.07]Questions 1 to 5

  [13:49.37]are based on

  [13:50.34]Part One of the interview.

  [13:52.84]W: Many people

  [13:53.58]dream of making it big,

  [13:55.08]buying a bigger house,

  [13:56.63]designer clothes and a nicer car,

  [13:59.33]but with a record number

  [14:01.08]of millionaires

  [14:02.34]now living right here

  [14:03.61]in the United States,

  [14:04.74]an age-old question

  [14:06.33]is now front and center-

  [14:07.80]can money really buy happiness?

  [14:10.62]Best-selling author David Bach

  [14:12.99]is a psychiatrist and a money advisor

  [14:15.39]on CNBC's The Millionaire Inside.

  [14:18.69]Going from rags to riches,

  [14:21.65]he says he found happiness

  [14:23.38]but it wasn't just about dollars

  [14:25.44]and cents.

  [14:26.56]Morning, David.

  [14:27.81]M: Good morning, Maggie.

  [14:29.75]W: What do you think

  [14:31.26]that makes people happy then,

  [14:33.14]if they have no money?

  [14:34.43]M: Well, I think

  [14:36.28]what most Americans really want

  [14:38.11]is freedom.

  [14:39.26]We are in the land of the free,

  [14:41.70]but when three out of four people

  [14:43.52]are living paycheck to paycheck,

  [14:45.15]they don't feel free.

  [14:47.08]So I think there are

  [14:48.45]a lot of opportunities

  [14:49.79]for the average American

  [14:51.21]to become what I call

  [14:52.89]an automatic millionaire,

  [14:55.51]which means paying yourself first,

  [14:57.57]saving one hour a day

  [14:59.76]of your income and spending less.

  [15:02.36]W: Do you mean

  [15:03.35]that people having different levels

  [15:04.94]of life all have to do the same thing?

  [15:07.81]M: Absolutely.

  [15:09.04]In different levels of life,

  [15:10.99]you have to survive all them,

  [15:12.98]or someone really is living

  [15:14.94]paycheck to paycheck.

  [15:16.27]Then you have security,

  [15:18.32]where someone as you

  [15:19.74]might have basic means

  [15:20.96]to cover.

  [15:21.84]Maybe that gets six months

  [15:23.59]to years with the expenses pre-set.

  [15:26.43]Once you get past

  [15:28.05]a year of expenses,

  [15:29.22]you start to become free.

  [15:31.14]W: You also say

  [15:32.69]that happiness is not as simple

  [15:34.40]as making more money.

  [15:35.99]M: Yes.

  [15:37.33]The more money you have,

  [15:38.88]the more you are going to spend

  [15:40.42]anyway.

  [15:41.76]People don't know

  [15:42.77]how to keep their money.

  [15:44.49]And people don't know

  [15:45.61]how to spend it wisely.

  [15:47.51]W: We spend so much time

  [15:49.10]in our lives trying

  [15:50.49]to make money.

  [15:51.57]We must believe

  [15:52.72]it's going to bring us happiness.

  [15:54.50]But the research

  [15:56.14]you have ever done about it

  [15:57.62]is a kind of mixed, isn't it?

  [15:59.78]M: Well, the research is mixed.

  [16:02.33]And I think

  [16:03.62]part of the reason for that

  [16:05.05]is that people acknowledge

  [16:06.47]in their souls,

  [16:07.53]if not in their wallets,

  [16:08.93]that it won't make them happy.

  [16:10.79]Most people don't marry for money;

  [16:13.38]most people don't pursue careers

  [16:16.29]simply for the money.

  [16:17.89]There are a lot of teachers

  [16:19.39]in America,

  [16:20.38]who won't trade their jobs

  [16:21.87]for a sales job to make more.

  [16:24.51]So we vote with our fit,

  [16:26.97]in that sense.

  [16:29.13]This is the end of

  [16:29.97]Part One of the interview.

  [16:32.17]Questions 1 to 5 are based on

  [16:34.66]what you have just heard.

  [16:36.37]1. What is David Bach's occupation?

  [16:51.27]2. According to David Bach,

  [16:54.44]what do most Americans really want?

  [17:07.23]3. According to the interview,

  [17:10.35]which of the following is

  [17:11.65]NOT the way

  [17:12.85]to become automatic millionaires?

  [17:25.10]4. According to David Bach,

  [17:28.23]why is happiness NOT as simple

  [17:30.47]as making more money?

  [17:42.01]5. What does David Bach say

  [17:44.85]about the teachers in America?

  [17:57.64]Now, listen to Part Two

  [17:59.35]of the interview.

  [18:00.90]Questions 6 to 10

  [18:02.29]are based on

  [18:03.14]Part Two of the interview.

  [18:05.80]W: But the problem is

  [18:07.02]we see all these people out there

  [18:08.81]today,

  [18:10.34]with the yachts,

  [18:10.31]with the boats,

  [18:11.01]the planes,

  [18:11.61]the big houses,

  [18:12.53]all of these.

  [18:14.06]And we think we want that too.

  [18:16.46]They look happy;

  [18:17.62]they have all these conditions.

  [18:19.64]How do you explain that?

  [18:21.40]M: It looks that way.

  [18:22.90]More millionaires,

  [18:24.49]more multi-millionaires,

  [18:26.06]more billionaires than ever,

  [18:27.70]and they have all the toys.

  [18:29.92]But the research also indicates

  [18:32.19]about scale.

  [18:33.56]You can get somebody

  [18:35.08]enough money to take them

  [18:36.39]from poverty to middle class,

  [18:38.26]which makes people happy,

  [18:40.34]but a lot more money,

  [18:41.82]to go from five hundred thousand

  [18:44.08]to five million,

  [18:45.46]doesn't make them happy.

  [18:48.04]W: I agree.

  [18:48.87]Money is going to

  [18:50.78]have the more significant impact

  [18:53.02]on those low income individuals.

  [18:54.83]People who have very little

  [18:56.53]are making 20 thousand dollars.

  [18:58.84]They get from 20

  [19:00.30]to 50 thousand dollars.

  [19:02.28]That's going to

  [19:03.42]have a big impact on them.

  [19:05.22]M: That would.

  [19:06.38]But I have never had anybody

  [19:08.88]who comes in and says

  [19:10.34]that he or she needs

  [19:11.40]a little more money.

  [19:12.74]It is all about:

  [19:14.26]do I feel loved,

  [19:15.80]and do I love something

  [19:17.43]in the world.

  [19:18.34]In other words,

  [19:19.11]doing work

  [19:20.07]that does not speak to your heart

  [19:21.92]but makes lots of money

  [19:23.57]is a prescription for disaster.

  [19:26.43]W: I've listened to the surveys

  [19:28.10]of the kinds of jobs

  [19:29.53]that make people the happiest;

  [19:31.29]they aren't necessarily the jobs

  [19:33.46]that pay the most money.

  [19:35.38]They are things like teachers,

  [19:37.14]social workers,

  [19:38.36]firefighters,

  [19:39.37]not necessarily

  [19:40.62]highly-paid jobs.

  [19:42.32]M: I will still quote

  [19:44.28]my own psychologist

  [19:45.60]when I was in therapy.

  [19:47.26]He said, the last place

  [19:49.46]you want to be

  [19:50.36]is in the first-class seat on a plane

  [19:52.55]going somewhere

  [19:53.68]you don't want to go.

  [19:54.93]Absolutely true.

  [19:57.52]It's really about feeling loved.

  [20:00.05]The people who come to me

  [20:01.70]were in the toughest spots.

  [20:04.08]I am convinced

  [20:05.57]they are well loved,

  [20:06.72]and they are convinced

  [20:08.18]there is something in the world

  [20:09.57]that they genuinely have passion

  [20:11.57]and love for.

  [20:13.00]W: Good, passion is another thing

  [20:15.54]that makes people happy.

  [20:17.09]Health and passion.

  [20:18.63]M: Yes.

  [20:19.77]Health is at the top of the list

  [20:22.56]in terms of what makes you happy.

  [20:24.77]Having a good relationship

  [20:26.27]with people,

  [20:27.17]having a lot of

  [20:28.43]very close personal friends,

  [20:29.98]having a good marriage,

  [20:31.52]these are the types of things

  [20:33.47]that make people happy.

  [20:35.04]By the way, the health,

  [20:36.87]money can help you

  [20:38.69]buy happiness there,

  [20:39.85]because money can give you access

  [20:41.65]to the best health care in the world.

  [20:44.11]But you still have to

  [20:45.38]take care of yourselves.

  [20:46.95]It can't make you healthier.

  [20:49.33]And if you flip that around,

  [20:51.66]then you get to the core

  [20:53.34]of what really makes people happy.

  [20:55.42]Because sometimes you have to

  [20:57.42]take the negative

  [20:58.43]to see that you are content now.

  [21:00.57]So if people were to imagine

  [21:02.73]that their children

  [21:04.07]were not well got for being,

  [21:05.19]then they would realize

  [21:06.63]that they are pretty content

  [21:08.24]even though their cars

  [21:09.56]are years older than they'd like.

  [21:11.95]W: Yes, no question.

  [21:13.40]Well again,

  [21:14.64]the age-old question.

  [21:15.80]We continue to debate it still.

  [21:18.41]David, thanks.

  [21:19.81]M: Thank you, Maggie!

  [21:20.62]This is the end of

  [21:22.56]Part Two of the interview.

  [21:24.53]Questions 6 to 10 are based on

  [21:26.66]what you have just heard.

  [21:28.32]6. What kind of people

  [21:31.75]will be more significantly

  [21:33.30]impacted on by money?

  [21:45.43]7. Which of the following jobs

  [21:48.03]probably brings

  [21:49.31]the least happiness to people?

  [22:01.15]8. What does the statement

  [22:03.88]of David Bach's own psychologist

  [22:06.05]show?

  [22:17.13]9. According to David Bach,

  [22:20.68]what is at the top of the list

  [22:22.63]in terms of

  [22:23.36]what makes people happy?

  [22:35.13]10. What is mainly discussed

  [22:37.93]in this part of the interview?

本文关键字: 专八听力 2019专八听力 专八

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