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2019专八听力全真模拟练习mp3附文本(6)

2019-01-09 10:35:09 来源:网络专四专八资料下载

2019专八听力全真模拟练习mp3附文本(6)

  2019专八考试将于2019年3月23日上午开考,专八听力占整个试卷25分,是除阅读外第二大分值题型,需要通过长期的积累和多听多练才能提高此题型得分率,在考试前期新东方在线整理了20套专八听力全真模拟练习题,音频内容完全按照专八听力考试形式,包含minilecture和conversation希望对大家自测练习有所帮助。

2019专八听力全真模拟练习二十篇


  [00:23.46]TEST 6

  [00:25.13]SECTION A MINI-LECTURE

  [00:28.45]In this section

  [00:29.37]you will hear a mini-lecture.

  [00:31.56]You will hear the mini-lecture

  [00:33.14]ONCE ONLY.

  [00:34.47]While listening to the mini-lecture,

  [00:36.29]please complete the gap-filling task

  [00:38.37]on ANSWER SHEET ONE and write

  [00:40.85]NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS

  [00:42.57]for each gap.

  [00:44.41]Make sure the word(s) you fill in

  [00:47.53]is (are) both grammatically

  [00:50.28]and semantically acceptable.

  [00:52.64]You may use the blank sheet

  [00:54.19]for note-taking.

  [00:55.91]You have THIRTY seconds

  [00:57.20]to preview the gap-filling task.

  [01:29.71]Now listen to the mini-lecture.

  [01:31.80]When it is over,

  [01:33.05]you will be given THREE minutes

  [01:34.49]to check your work.

  [01:36.60]The Difference

  [01:37.33]Between Spoken and Written English

  [01:40.53]Good morning everyone,

  [01:42.04]today's lecture

  [01:42.93]is about the difference

  [01:43.99]between spoken and written English.

  [01:47.05]Speech and writing are

  [01:48.46]two independent methods

  [01:50.00]of communication.

  [01:51.75]Speech is

  [01:52.70]〝the oral medium of transmission

  [01:54.67]of language,

  [01:56.01]i.e. the spoken language〞.

  [01:58.39]Writing involves marking a surface

  [02:00.41]with words

  [02:01.23]that convey one's thoughts

  [02:02.62]and ideas and as Crystal remarks,

  [02:06.12]〝Written English has provided

  [02:07.48]the standard that society values,

  [02:10.52]and its relative permanence

  [02:12.06]and worldwide circulation

  [02:14.17]have given it a very special place

  [02:16.30]with the life of the community.〞

  [02:18.52]Every language learner

  [02:19.97]aspires to have a good grip

  [02:21.87]and command over

  [02:23.06]both spoken and written language.

  [02:25.76]Failure in expressing either of them

  [02:28.01]will render him ineffective

  [02:29.51]and incomplete

  [02:31.01]when it comes to

  [02:31.85]acquiring language skills

  [02:33.54]in the true sense of the word.

  [02:35.74]Both forms of language,

  [02:37.22]therefore, are very important.

  [02:39.96]They differ from each other

  [02:41.42]to a great extent.

  [02:43.25]The following are

  [02:44.13]some of the major differences

  [02:45.94]in both spoken and written English.

  [02:49.13]One difference that exists

  [02:50.83]between speech and writing

  [02:52.65]is the distinction

  [02:53.84]between the phonic

  [02:55.14]and the graphic substances.

  [02:57.24]The former is the medium

  [02:58.63]used in speech,

  [03:00.24]where the vocal organs produce

  [03:01.96]air-pressure movements.

  [03:04.12]The latter is used in writing,

  [03:06.35]which consists of the hand

  [03:08.06]creating marks on a surface.

  [03:10.55]However, this physical difference

  [03:12.74]is not the only factor

  [03:14.28]that distinguishes

  [03:15.40]the two mediums.

  [03:17.28]There are also differences

  [03:19.24]such as the use of grammar

  [03:20.67]and vocabulary

  [03:22.31]which also differ

  [03:23.61]according to whether the person

  [03:25.07]is speaking or writing to

  [03:26.80]convey information.

  [03:28.73]On top of the above,

  [03:30.52]spoken English is very informal

  [03:33.13]while written English is formal.

  [03:35.53]No punctuation

  [03:36.51]is needed in spoken English

  [03:38.35]because we are aided

  [03:39.64]by facial expressions, gestures,

  [03:42.12]and body language

  [03:43.64]to express our meaning

  [03:45.16]effectively and properly.

  [03:47.37]On the other hand, written English

  [03:49.34]is ineffective and handicapped

  [03:51.77]without proper use of punctuation.

  [03:54.79]Many speakers are bold

  [03:56.34]and confident at the time

  [03:57.77]of speaking.

  [03:59.38]But most of them find themselves

  [04:01.27]lacking in confidence

  [04:02.77]and reluctant to write

  [04:04.77]because they know

  [04:05.84]that once they write,

  [04:07.21]their words are recorded

  [04:09.16]and they cannot defend themselves.

  [04:11.61]Their mistakes

  [04:12.46]are exposed in writing.

  [04:14.47]In spoken English, there

  [04:15.95]is no role of spelling.

  [04:18.48]But spelling does

  [04:19.44]play a very important role in writing.

  [04:22.46]Many good speakers are

  [04:23.55]found being a horrible speller

  [04:25.72]of the word.

  [04:27.03]Their spelling lowers their image

  [04:28.92]and impression

  [04:29.89]among their colleagues

  [04:31.45]and their readers.

  [04:32.43]Speakers often ignore

  [04:33.87]some of the basic rules of grammar,

  [04:36.61]for they are only interested

  [04:38.16]in conveying their messages.

  [04:41.02]They do not stick to the rules

  [04:42.05]of grammar.

  [04:44.04]On the other hand, writing

  [04:45.46]is never accurate

  [04:47.17]and impressive unless it is

  [04:48.88]grammatically correct

  [04:50.39]and error-free.

  [04:52.06]Therefore, all the great

  [04:53.49]and successful writers

  [04:55.20]give grammar

  [04:55.87]its due importance

  [04:57.31]in their writings.

  [04:58.94]Spelling is what creates problems

  [05:00.88]for many writers,

  [05:02.58]and in the same way pronunciation

  [05:04.84]is a problem for many speakers.

  [05:07.92]Many speakers find it difficult

  [05:09.71]to pronounce the words correctly.

  [05:12.81]They have to make efforts to

  [05:14.21]learn correct pronunciation

  [05:16.44]while writers have no such worries.

  [05:19.51]Speech is time-based,

  [05:20.93]active and does not last long.

  [05:22.72]There is no time lag

  [05:25.03]between production and reception,

  [05:26.86]and given the spontaneity and speed

  [05:29.48]with which speechis

  [05:30.54]produced there

  [05:32.02]is no time for planning.

  [05:34.20]We usually think while talking

  [05:35.91]and this results in looser construction,

  [05:39.11]repetition, rephrasing

  [05:41.03]and comment clauses

  [05:42.87]such as 〝Jack is ugly, I think.〞

  [05:45.38]Nevertheless,

  [05:46.53]speech also contains loudness,

  [05:48.69]tempo, rhythm,

  [05:50.18]and other intonations and pauses

  [05:52.77]that cannot be

  [05:53.89]easily transmuted to the written form.

  [05:56.79]Facial expressions

  [05:57.99]and gestures often aid meaning

  [06:00.13]as well as deictic expressions

  [06:02.70]which refer directly to the situation.

  [06:05.80]These features can all be

  [06:07.29]contained in speech

  [06:08.68]but are not written down

  [06:10.08]with much effectiveness.

  [06:12.08]Hearing and understanding

  [06:13.56]spoken English

  [06:14.62]can be more difficult

  [06:16.15]than understanding written English

  [06:17.99]for another very simple reason—

  [06:20.85]written English usually does not come

  [06:23.18]with an accent.

  [06:24.79]The accent is different to dialect,

  [06:27.32]although they often go together.

  [06:29.71]English in the written form

  [06:31.36]can take better advantage

  [06:32.68]of dialect than of an accent.

  [06:35.46]An accent will be the

  [06:36.55]sound a speaker makes

  [06:38.10]when using a specific set of words

  [06:40.34]relating to the locality they

  [06:42.16]were raised,

  [06:43.37]but the words remain the same;

  [06:45.66]a dialect

  [06:46.57]is a pattern of language use

  [06:48.24]that may substitute new words

  [06:50.27]or meanings for existing words.

  [06:53.07]Actually, written English

  [06:54.54]is reasonably simple to master,

  [06:57.15]especially if you are only going to

  [06:59.46]use it in the written form.

  [07:01.67]Spoken English is much harder

  [07:03.31]to learn and use effectively.

  [07:06.18]With so much difference

  [07:07.42]between these two forms of English,

  [07:10.05]it is the prime duty of everyone

  [07:12.24]aspiring to become

  [07:13.60]a good language learner

  [07:15.51]to pay heed to both forms

  [07:17.32]equally to have

  [07:18.95]a good command over English.

  [07:20.73]If one is able to do so,

  [07:23.02]he is sure to win admiration

  [07:25.11]and appreciation from his readers

  [07:27.39]and listeners to a great extent.

  [07:30.73]To conclude,

  [07:31.90]a good language learner always

  [07:33.86]respects the language

  [07:35.24]he intends to learn.

  [07:37.43]Therefore, he takes keen interest

  [07:39.33]in acquiring this language,

  [07:41.62]not leaving any important aspect

  [07:43.92]untouched and uncovered.

  [07:46.00]Such a learner is always successful.

  [07:49.01]OK, today we have discussed

  [07:51.55]the difference

  [07:52.41]between spoken English

  [07:53.00]and written English.

  [07:54.93]To sum up,

  [07:55.94]spoken English and written English

  [07:57.98]differ in the aspect of medium

  [08:00.25]as well as whether it

  [08:01.36]is informal or formal,

  [08:03.28]time-based or not,

  [08:04.78]simple or hard to learn and so on.

  [08:07.59]Next time, we'll continue to talk

  [08:09.34]about it further.

  [08:11.84]Now, you have THREE minutes

  [08:13.55]to check your work.

  [11:15.45]This is the end

  [11:16.82]of Section A Mini-lecture.

  [11:19.83]SECTION B INTERVIEW

  [11:23.08]In this section

  [11:24.01]you will hear ONE interview.

  [11:26.23]The interview will be

  [11:27.41]divided into TWO parts.

  [11:29.53]At the end of each part,

  [11:31.15]five questions will be

  [11:32.71]asked about what was said.

  [11:34.49]Both the interview

  [11:35.38]and the questions

  [11:36.60]will be spoken ONCE ONLY.

  [11:39.13]After each question

  [11:40.37]there will be

  [11:40.85]a ten-second pause.

  [11:42.73]During the pause,

  [11:43.79]you should read

  [11:44.50]the four choices

  [11:45.90]of A, B, C and D,

  [11:48.93]and mark the best answer

  [11:50.10]to each question

  [11:51.27]on ANSWER SHEET TWO.

  [11:53.44]You have THIRTY seconds

  [11:54.84]to preview the questions.

  [12:26.92]Now, listen to Part One

  [12:28.61]of the interview.

  [12:29.98]Questions 1 to 5

  [12:31.43]are based on

  [12:32.12]Part One of the interview.

  [12:34.69]M: Caitlin Friedman offers advice

  [12:36.21]on being a smart woman-in-charge

  [12:38.61]in her new book:

  [12:39.96]The Girl's Guide to Being a Boss

  [12:42.07]Without Being Unpopular.

  [12:44.18]Good morning,

  [12:45.19]nice to have you here.

  [12:47.02]W: Good morning.

  [12:48.19]M: Caitlin,

  [12:49.09]why is it that

  [12:49.85]when women get into

  [12:51.28]a position of power,

  [12:52.75]when they become the boss

  [12:54.03]or become leaders,

  [12:55.38]they tend to be unpopular?

  [12:57.49]W: Well,

  [12:58.63]we think there are two reasons.

  [13:00.97]The first is,

  [13:02.13]it's really unfair

  [13:03.16]that in the workplace

  [13:04.51]people expect women

  [13:05.72]to be emotionally there for them.

  [13:08.41]You would never take

  [13:09.30]your personal problems

  [13:10.71]to a male boss,

  [13:12.30]but you do take them

  [13:13.29]to a woman boss

  [13:14.71]because women are nurturing,

  [13:16.71]just because that's what women do.

  [13:19.43]M: You expect them

  [13:20.28]to understand the issues

  [13:21.52]with your kids or whatever.

  [13:23.81]W: Right,

  [13:24.59]and the other thing is

  [13:25.92]there haven't been any positive

  [13:27.58]women roles.

  [13:28.73]I mean,

  [13:29.51]there are very few

  [13:30.35]positive women role models

  [13:32.15]out there.

  [13:33.17]Especially…look at the movies,

  [13:35.49]which say women

  [13:36.41]are just crazy persons

  [13:37.98]when they get a little power.

  [13:40.10]So what we try to do in the book

  [13:42.14]is to show people

  [13:43.18]how to do it a little bit better.

  [13:45.56]M: And we'll discuss that

  [13:46.93]in a minute,

  [13:48.11]but why are the roles

  [13:49.63]so different for men and women

  [13:51.47]when they do become the boss?

  [13:53.63]W: Well,

  [13:54.44]I think it really has something to do

  [13:56.34]with the lack of role models.

  [13:58.14]I mean,

  [13:59.05]when we were growing up

  [14:00.27]and coming into

  [14:01.11]the professional environment,

  [14:03.13]we had really tough women bosses,

  [14:05.71]but they had learned from men.

  [14:07.72]So we think that women

  [14:09.02]need to be able to manage

  [14:10.46]the way they are comfortable

  [14:11.93]in managing.

  [14:13.82]M: What's the number one mistake

  [14:15.39]women are making?

  [14:17.32]W: I think the number one mistake

  [14:19.70]women are making is

  [14:20.82]that they're trying to do something

  [14:22.43]the way that's not comfortable

  [14:23.83]for the employees.

  [14:25.85]You know,

  [14:26.81]you really need to be firm and fair.

  [14:29.46]You need to know

  [14:30.21]what your employees need from you

  [14:32.25]before you just want to set out

  [14:34.05]these blanket things.

  [14:36.18]The other thing is

  [14:37.37]that if you are emotional once

  [14:39.31]in a workplace,

  [14:40.67]you are the crybaby from then on,

  [14:43.75]though you cried only this time

  [14:45.47]in ten years.

  [14:47.21]And that's what happens

  [14:48.10]to women.

  [14:49.22]You know,

  [14:49.97]they get stuck with these bad raps

  [14:52.30]and we think

  [14:53.17]that what you need to do

  [14:54.39]is really try to be as firm and fair

  [14:56.85]as possible.

  [14:58.66]This is the end of

  [14:59.72]Part One of the interview.

  [15:01.57]Questions 1 to 5 are based on

  [15:03.63]what you have just heard.

  [15:05.85]1. What is Caitlin's book

  [15:08.93]mainly about?

  [15:20.04]2. What would people talk

  [15:22.77]to a woman boss

  [15:23.89]instead of a male boss?

  [15:35.78]3. What is the second reason

  [15:38.89]why women bosses are unpopular?

  [15:51.23]4. What is the number one mistake

  [15:54.42]women are making?

  [16:05.89]5. What should a woman boss do

  [16:09.45]to avoid the number one mistake?

  [16:21.92]Now, listen to Part Two

  [16:23.73]of the interview.

  [16:25.14]Questions 6 to 10

  [16:26.72]are based on

  [16:27.41]Part Two of the interview.

  [16:30.12]M: Is there no place for emotion

  [16:32.13]in a workplace?

  [16:33.88]W: No,

  [16:34.57]we don't think there is.

  [16:36.01]I mean we think

  [16:37.11]that you can be yourself,

  [16:38.54]which is kind and supportive,

  [16:40.38]warm and giving,

  [16:41.61]but not crying,

  [16:42.63]screaming,

  [16:43.27]or beating people.

  [16:44.89]Traditionally in business,

  [16:46.59]showing your emotions

  [16:47.91]is a sign of weakness-

  [16:50.01]it can also be perceived

  [16:51.78]as a very female trait-

  [16:53.93]don't let your guard down.

  [16:56.02]Women are often guilty

  [16:57.45]of letting work get under their skin-

  [16:59.98]taking business personally-

  [17:02.01]and reacting emotionally

  [17:03.75]in front of your colleagues

  [17:05.26]is never a good idea.

  [17:07.40]M: So,

  [17:08.02]just imagine,

  [17:09.17]if I were a woman boss,

  [17:11.05]if I were going to get emotional,

  [17:13.27]what should I do?

  [17:14.85]W: That's easy.

  [17:15.95]Just relax your shoulders,

  [17:17.87]take a deep breath,

  [17:19.25]listen to what they have to say

  [17:21.26]and let your composure

  [17:22.42]soften the blow.

  [17:24.00]If you look physically shaken up

  [17:25.83]by any conversation,

  [17:27.67]it can be used against you

  [17:29.66]or seen as a sign of weakness.

  [17:32.27]M: OK,

  [17:33.38]let's talk about

  [17:34.34]some more practical advice.

  [17:36.55]Caitlin, what do you think

  [17:38.75]is the number one rule

  [17:39.85]of good leadership for a woman boss?

  [17:42.74]W: Well, the number one rule

  [17:44.59]of good leadership

  [17:45.82]is fairness or put another way,

  [17:48.55]acting free from self-interest,

  [17:50.69]prejudice, or favoritism.

  [17:53.13]Good leaders,

  [17:53.76]just like good teachers,

  [17:55.50]don't offer preferential treatment

  [17:57.59]to any of their subordinates.

  [17:59.92]As a woman,

  [18:00.95]it's likely you will have more

  [18:02.49]in common with

  [18:03.45]your female team members,

  [18:05.37]however,

  [18:06.38]if you let this kind of partiality

  [18:08.66]cloud your professional judgment,

  [18:11.13]you will fail to gain the respect

  [18:12.96]of your male employees.

  [18:15.29]Treat everyone equally

  [18:16.53]and with respect,

  [18:18.23]in time it's likely

  [18:19.43]they'll return the favor.

  [18:21.88]M: Right.

  [18:22.87]And what is the proper way

  [18:24.25]for women bosses

  [18:25.70]to deal with criticism

  [18:27.69]when the male employees

  [18:28.97]fail to do their duties?

  [18:31.50]W: Giving honest

  [18:32.29]and constructive criticism.

  [18:34.79]If you shy away

  [18:35.76]from critiquing

  [18:36.77]your male underlings,

  [18:38.52]not only are you preventing them

  [18:40.23]from developing personally

  [18:41.83]and professionally,

  [18:43.65]but you're also

  [18:44.36]giving them ammunition

  [18:45.61]to question your ability

  [18:46.98]as a leader.

  [18:48.69]This goes back to equality

  [18:50.17]and fairness-

  [18:51.65]treat everyone equally

  [18:53.24]and don't be afraid to provide

  [18:54.70]criticism and direction

  [18:56.32]when it's required.

  [18:58.19]Likewise,

  [18:58.94]praise good work

  [19:00.03]and reward employees

  [19:01.48]when they go above

  [19:02.48]and beyond the call of duty.

  [19:04.98]M: Any other advice

  [19:06.18]on what a woman boss

  [19:07.25]should avoid doing?

  [19:08.77]W: Women bosses should avoid

  [19:10.20]talk of overtly "female" topics

  [19:12.91]if they want to be taken seriously

  [19:15.03]by their male subordinates.

  [19:17.42]I'm not suggesting

  [19:18.37]that you begin dropping fast cars

  [19:20.46]and beer into conversation either.

  [19:23.22]Instead, focus on

  [19:24.68]what needs to be achieved

  [19:26.42]from a business point-of-view-

  [19:28.28]discuss how things can be improved,

  [19:31.37]ask them for their suggestions

  [19:33.48]as well as sharing your own

  [19:34.58]and inquire

  [19:35.99]about their career aspirations.

  [19:38.82]By keeping the conversation

  [19:40.30]businesslike,

  [19:41.59]your male team members

  [19:43.17]will see you as a leader.

  [19:45.61]M: OK, Caitlin,

  [19:47.02]thank you very much

  [19:48.26]for staying with us today.

  [19:50.22]W: My pleasure.

  [19:52.08]This is the end of

  [19:53.51]Part Two of the interview.

  [19:55.18]Questions 6 to 10 are based on

  [19:57.12]what you have just heard.

  [19:59.49]6. What is Caitlin's attitude

  [20:02.96]towards reacting emotionally

  [20:04.70]in a workplace?

  [20:16.25]7. What is the number one rule

  [20:19.30]of good leadership

  [20:20.43]for a woman boss?

  [20:32.17]8. What should a woman boss do

  [20:35.33]when the male employees

  [20:37.08]fail to do their duties?

  [20:48.97]9. What kind of topics

  [20:51.82]should a woman boss avoid?

  [21:03.78]10. What should a woman boss do

  [21:07.09]to make her male team members

  [21:08.92]see her as a leader?

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