2019-01-10 15:19:46 来源：网络专四专八资料下载
In general，our society is becoming one of the giant enterprises directed by a bureaucratic management in which man becomes a small we1l-oiled cog in the machinery.The oiling is done with higher wages，well-ventilated factories and piped music，and by psychologists and“human relations”experts;yet all this oiling does not alter the fact that man has become powerless，that he is bored with it.In fact，the blue-collar and the white-collar workers have become economic puppets who dance to the tune of automated machines and bureaucratic management.
The worker and employee are anxious not only because they might find themselves out of a job，they are anxious also because they are unable to acquire any real satisfaction of interest in life.They live and die without ever having confronted the fundamental realities of human existence as emotionally and intellectually independent and productive human beings.
Those higher up on the social ladder are no less anxious.Their lives are no less empty than those of their subordinates.They are even more insecure in some respects.They are in a highly competitive race.To be promoted or to fall behind is not a matter of salary but even more a matter of self-respect.When they apply for their first job，they are tested for intelligence as well as for the right mixture of submissiveness and independence.From that moment on they are tested again and again by the psychologists，for whom testing is a big business，and by their superiors，who judge their behavior，sociability，capacity to get along，etc.This constant need to prove that one is as good as or better than one‘s fellow competitor creates constant anxiety and stress，the very causes of unhappiness and illness.
Am I suggesting that we should return to the pre-industrial mode of production or to nineteenth century“free enterprise”capitalism? Certainly not.Problems are never solved by returning to a stage which one has already outgrown.I suggest transforming our social system from a bureaucratically managed industrialism in which maximal production and consumption are ends in themselves into a humanist industrialism in which man and full development of his potentialities—those of all love and of reason—are the aims of social arrangements.Production and consumption should serve only as means to this end，and should be prevented from ruling man.
1.By“a well-oiled cog in the machinery”the author intends to render the idea that man is____.
[A] a necessary part of the society though each individual‘s function is negligible
[B] an unimportant part in comparison with the rest of the society，though functioning smoothly
[C] working in complete harmony with the rest of the society
[D] a humble component of the society，especially when working smoothly
2.The real cause of the anxiety of the workers and employees is that____.
[A] they are deprived of their individuality and independence
[B] they have no genuine satisfaction or interest in life
[C] they are faced with the fundamental realities of human existence
[D] they are likely to lose their jobs
3.From the passage we can infer that real happiness of life belongs to those____.
[A]who are at the bottom of the society
[B]who are higher up in their social status
[C]who could keep far away from this competitive world
[D]who prove better than their fellow competitors
4.To solve the present social problems the author suggests that we should____.
[A] resort to the production mode of our ancestors
[B] offer higher wages to the workers and employees
[C] enable man to fully develop his potentialities
[D] take the fundamental realities for granted
5.The author's attitude towards industrialism might best be summarized as one of____.
1.In general，our society is becoming one of the giant enterprises directed bv a bureaucratic lmanagement in which man becomes a small well—oiled cog in the machinery.
[点津]句子的主干是Our societyisbecoming oneofthe giant enterprises，directedby之后的内容是修饰enterprises的定语，-g中which引导一个定语从句修饰enterprisesj
2.From that moment on they are tested again and again by the psychologists，for whom testing is a big business，and by their superiors，who judge their behavior，sociability，capacity to get along.etc. ‘
[点津]句子的主干是They are tested by the psychologists and by their superiors，其中psychologists 和superiors都带有自己的定语从句。
要是拿到了专八证书 那就业这块儿 老铁你才能算是握的死死的