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2019专八听力全真模拟练习mp3附文本(9)

2019-01-11 16:54:38 来源:网络专四专八资料下载

2019专八听力全真模拟练习mp3附文本(9)

  2019专八考试将于2019年3月23日上午开考,专八听力占整个试卷25分,是除阅读外第二大分值题型,需要通过长期的积累和多听多练才能提高此题型得分率,在考试前期新东方在线整理了20套专八听力全真模拟练习题,音频内容完全按照专八听力考试形式,包含minilecture和conversation希望对大家自测练习有所帮助。


  [00:23.74]TEST 9

  [00:25.39]SECTION A MINI-LECTURE

  [00:28.26]In this section

  [00:29.45]you will hear a mini-lecture.

  [00:31.53]You will hear the mini-lecture

  [00:32.89]ONCE ONLY.

  [00:34.57]While listening to the mini-lecture,

  [00:36.43]please complete the gap-filling task

  [00:38.71]on ANSWER SHEET ONE and write

  [00:40.73]NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS

  [00:42.52]for each gap.

  [00:44.45]Make sure the word(s) you fill in

  [00:47.27]is (are) both grammatically

  [00:49.71]and semantically acceptable.

  [00:52.81]You may use the blank sheet

  [00:54.30]for note-taking.

  [00:56.18]You have THIRTY seconds

  [00:57.70]to preview the gap-filling task.

  [01:29.69]Now listen to the mini-lecture.

  [01:31.80]When it is over,

  [01:33.05]you will be given THREE minutes

  [01:34.66]to check your work.

  [01:36.55]Writing an Argumentative Essay

  [01:39.43]Good morning, everyone.

  [01:40.90]Today's lecture is

  [01:42.45]about how to write

  [01:44.15]an argumentative essay.

  [01:45.76]An argumentative essay presents

  [01:47.54]an argument backed by

  [01:49.25]well researched

  [01:50.49]and articulated views

  [01:52.01]to persuade the reader

  [01:53.78]or an opposite side.

  [01:56.35]An argumentative essay

  [01:57.78]should ordinarily contain three parts:

  [02:01.02]the introduction,

  [02:02.11]the body and the conclusion.

  [02:04.31]The length

  [02:04.88]and the details of the parts,

  [02:06.36]obviously, will depend

  [02:08.25]on the assignment,

  [02:09.40]the media or even the audience

  [02:11.50]it is directed to.

  [02:13.25]A newspaper article, for instance,

  [02:15.62]will have to consider the size

  [02:17.15]of the space given

  [02:18.40]and the readership,

  [02:19.80]while a college paper will

  [02:21.02]be assigned a certain number

  [02:22.67]of words.

  [02:24.06]The introduction should

  [02:25.12]have a brief explanation of the topic,

  [02:27.35]some background information

  [02:28.89]and a thesis statement.

  [02:31.08]In this case, the thesis statement

  [02:33.13]will be a statement

  [02:34.15]of the writer's position

  [02:35.81]on the topic being discussed.

  [02:38.28]In the body of the essay,

  [02:39.90]the writer will present both sides

  [02:41.94]of the controversy.

  [02:43.90]Thus the body of the essay

  [02:45.59]should contain all the arguments

  [02:47.92]in detail,

  [02:49.07]on both sides of the coin.

  [02:51.24]A〝fair〞 argument presents

  [02:52.94]the strongest points

  [02:54.20] of the counter-side of the issue

  [02:55.40]being discussed.

  [02:57.45]This is followed by

  [02:58.67]a well-presented counter-argument

  [03:01.14]that neatly shoots down

  [03:02.77]each point raised.

  [03:04.79]After this presentation,

  [03:06.35]the position of the writer

  [03:07.92]is described,

  [03:09.23]supported with evidence to show

  [03:10.80]why it is the correct position to take.

  [03:14.21]In the conclusion,

  [03:15.40]the writer's position is

  [03:16.70]restated as the most convincing one

  [03:19.49]to take,

  [03:20.39]of course the data, sources

  [03:22.34]and how well it is

  [03:23.21]presented should be helpful

  [03:24.99]in winning the reader

  [03:26.16]to his side of the argument.

  [03:28.76]When you are assigned

  [03:29.63]an argumentative essay

  [03:31.40]it does not have to

  [03:32.24]be a daunting task.

  [03:34.52]Break up the work into several tasks

  [03:36.60]and never procrastinate.

  [03:38.87]Try not to do the entire essay

  [03:40.70]in a single day.

  [03:42.56]Use the following steps as a guide,

  [03:45.16]take your time,

  [03:46.09]and you will have success.

  [03:48.56]1. Choose your topic.

  [03:51.43]Your instructor may have

  [03:52.65]a preselected list of topics

  [03:54.49]for you to choose from.

  [03:56.65]This will help narrow down

  [03:58.02]your search.

  [03:59.62]Choose a topic

  [04:00.68]that you are already familiar with

  [04:02.51]if you can.

  [04:04.04]Also, choose something

  [04:05.70]that you are interested in

  [04:07.12]researching.

  [04:08.45]It will make the process

  [04:09.76]much more enjoyable.

  [04:12.03]2. Find a question or point to argue

  [04:15.38]within your topic.

  [04:17.18]Be sure that there will be

  [04:18.51]plenty of sources

  [04:19.62]that you can refer to for research.

  [04:22.55]If it is a very unusual

  [04:24.55]or weak argument,

  [04:26.34]you will not find enough evidence

  [04:27.89]to back up your claim.

  [04:31.10]3. Once you have chosen

  [04:33.04]your topic and argument,

  [04:35.62]it is time to research.

  [04:37.98]Spend plenty of time

  [04:39.38]scouring your school's library,

  [04:41.80]as well as your public library.

  [04:44.16]Do not rely solely

  [04:45.83]on Internet sources,

  [04:47.70]And if you do use the Internet,

  [04:49.64]be sure

  [04:50.48]that your sources are reliable.

  [04:53.36]Find your evidence from

  [04:54.55]not only secondary sources

  [04:56.31](text books, etc.),

  [04:58.42]but from primary sources as well.

  [05:01.37]These include documents s

  [05:03.10]uch as letters,

  [05:04.21]newspaper articles,

  [05:05.78]and government papers.

  [05:07.76]You want to back up your argument

  [05:09.48]with a variety

  [05:10.46]of rich and reliable sources.

  [05:13.36]4. Go through your research.

  [05:16.63]Take notes, or make cue cards,

  [05:18.83]each with one point,

  [05:20.00]or one quotation.

  [05:21.97]Try to be very organized so

  [05:23.90]that things are simple and easy

  [05:26.38]to access once you start writing

  [05:28.46]your paper.

  [05:29.96] Be sure to choose 5 or 6

  [05:32.17]of the strongest pieces of evidence

  [05:34.20]that back up your argument.

  [05:36.60]There is no need to

  [05:37.53]overload your paper.

  [05:39.56]If you have several convincing points

  [05:41.59]backing you up

  [05:42.89](as opposed to 15 weaker points),

  [05:46.21]then stick with them and expand.

  [05:49.12]5. Write an outline of your paper.

  [05:52.33]The basic outline is very simple—

  [05:54.76]introduction,

  [05:55.64]body, and conclusion.

  [05:57.80]Sketch out your paper,

  [05:59.51]and put in point form

  [06:00.53]what you want to say

  [06:02.09]in each paragraph.

  [06:04.28]6. Write your paper.

  [06:06.98]Begin with a strong

  [06:07.98]and clear opening sentence

  [06:10.24]that catches the interest

  [06:11.35]of your reader.

  [06:12.61]Present what you are arguing,

  [06:14.58]and give the reader a taste

  [06:15.84]of what your paper is about.

  [06:18.42]It is very important

  [06:19.62]that your thesis statement

  [06:20.98] (argument) is very clear

  [06:23.31]and is written in a single sentence,

  [06:25.87]preferably as the first

  [06:27.33]or the final sentence

  [06:28.95]of the introductory paragraph.

  [06:31.39]The body of your paper

  [06:32.63]should be several paragraphs.

  [06:34.62]Each paragraph

  [06:35.86]should present evidence

  [06:37.37]that supports the argument.

  [06:39.40]Once you feel you have covered

  [06:41.03]the most important points

  [06:42.66]and have fully argued the thesis,

  [06:45.13]then move on to your conclusion.

  [06:47.61]The conclusion is a brief summary

  [06:49.12]of your paper

  [06:50.72]and should reiterate your argument.

  [06:53.80]7. Pay attention to the details.

  [06:57.26]All the 〝little〞 things

  [06:58.57]will not only have an impact on

  [07:00.05]your grade,

  [07:01.49]but they will also have an effect on

  [07:03.12]your success

  [07:04.29]and authority as an essay writer.

  [07:07.11]A well written and researched essay

  [07:09.05]must include great attention

  [07:10.72]to details.

  [07:12.48]If you have any questions

  [07:13.91]or problems

  [07:14.84]while writing your paper,

  [07:16.56]be sure to talk to your instructor.

  [07:19.21]They are a very reliable source

  [07:21.32]that can help you get on track.

  [07:24.09]Once you have polished

  [07:25.45]and perfected your essay,

  [07:27.16]then hand it in with pride,

  [07:29.34]and expect positive results.

  [07:32.33]OK, the above are several steps

  [07:34.60]you can follow

  [07:35.49]to write an argumentative essay,

  [07:38.09]from choosing a topic

  [07:39.46]and finding the argument to

  [07:41.05]doing the research

  [07:42.69]and writing the paper.

  [07:44.36]Of course,

  [07:45.44]great attention should be given

  [07:46.84]to the details

  [07:47.90]during the process of writing.

  [07:50.83]Next time,

  [07:51.70]we'll discuss other kinds

  [07:53.40]of writing successively.

  [07:55.57]Now, you have THREE minutes

  [07:57.92]to check your work.

  [10:57.78]This is the end

  [10:58.74]of Section A Mini-lecture.

  [11:01.83]SECTION B INTERVIEW

  [11:04.16]In this section

  [11:05.26]you will hear ONE interview.

  [11:07.44]The interview will be

  [11:08.53]divided into TWO parts.

  [11:10.76]At the end of each part,

  [11:12.14]five questions will be

  [11:13.75]asked about what was said.

  [11:15.87]Both the interview

  [11:16.84]and the questions

  [11:18.08]will be spoken ONCE ONLY.

  [11:20.60]After each question

  [11:22.29]there will be

  [11:22.97]a ten-second pause.

  [11:25.03]During the pause,

  [11:26.26]you should read

  [11:27.22]the four choices

  [11:28.32]of A, B, C and D,

  [11:30.87]and mark the best answer

  [11:32.35]to each question

  [11:33.66]on ANSWER SHEET TWO.

  [11:35.81]You have THIRTY seconds

  [11:37.65]to preview the questions.

  [12:09.42]Now, listen to Part One

  [12:10.91]of the interview.

  [12:12.58]Questions 1 to 5

  [12:14.00]are based on

  [12:15.00]Part One of the interview.

  [12:18.54]M: This morning on Today's Health,

  [12:20.84]we are going to pump you up.

  [12:23.47]You know, working out

  [12:25.02]is obviously good for your body,

  [12:27.65]but this week's

  [12:28.33]Newsweek Magazine reports

  [12:30.66]there is new evidence

  [12:31.81]showing it can boost your brainpower

  [12:34.71]and fight disease as well.

  [12:37.24]Miriam Nelson is an associate professor

  [12:39.44]at the Friedman School of Nutrition

  [12:41.37]at Tufts University.

  [12:43.31]Miriam, nice to see you,

  [12:44.97]how are you doing?

  [12:46.40]W: Very well.

  [12:47.39]Thanks for having me.

  [12:49.08]M: So, we are talking about rigorous,

  [12:51.42]aerobic exercise,

  [12:53.31]clearly good for your body.

  [12:55.41]Explain to me in layman's terms

  [12:57.67]if you can now,

  [12:59.10]about this new research

  [13:00.55]that says it can also help your brain

  [13:03.33]grow new nerve cells.

  [13:05.51]W: That's right.

  [13:06.86]What we've known for years

  [13:08.21]is that individuals

  [13:09.82]who are physically active

  [13:11.40]have reduced risk

  [13:12.49]of getting Alzheimer's disease.

  [13:15.04]We've also known

  [13:16.07]that people with

  [13:16.81]mild cognitive impairment

  [13:18.78]also have improved function

  [13:20.25]with exercise.

  [13:22.12]There's some very new research

  [13:23.65]that is very exciting.

  [13:25.71]And what is seen is

  [13:27.13]it's taken 11 individuals,

  [13:29.41]and put them

  [13:30.26]on a about three or four

  [13:31.85]months' course of aerobic exercise,

  [13:34.42]four days a week,

  [13:35.50]an hour a day.

  [13:37.11]And what they've seen

  [13:38.54]through MRI Scan

  [13:39.89]is people are actually

  [13:41.18]growing new nerve cells.

  [13:43.69]M: And…and more new nerve cells

  [13:46.33]mean what to me,

  [13:48.01]someone in my age group?

  [13:49.78]W: Yeah,

  [13:50.53]what you are…what…

  [13:52.06]my age group too.

  [13:53.96]M: OK, our age group too,

  [13:56.40]right.

  [13:57.43]W: What we are seeing is

  [13:58.70]that the new nerve cells

  [14:00.15]are growing.

  [14:01.44]They're increasing a web

  [14:02.90]and they're weaved

  [14:03.95]and they are connecting.

  [14:05.93]It's all the interconnections

  [14:07.41]of the nerve cells.

  [14:09.44]When you get those connections,

  [14:11.10]your brain functions better.

  [14:13.10]Primarily this is

  [14:14.37]in the executive functioning part

  [14:16.29]of the brain in the hippocampus.

  [14:18.57]We are looking at multitasking,

  [14:20.42]memory, problem solving,

  [14:22.30]name recognition-

  [14:23.83]lots of things

  [14:24.69]that start to decline

  [14:25.93]as we get older.

  [14:27.80]M: I am sure a lot of people

  [14:29.05]are watching this right now,

  [14:30.81]Miriam Nelson.

  [14:32.40]Can I make up for the lost time?

  [14:34.98]I don't have a history of exercising

  [14:37.02]throughout my life.

  [14:38.85]Now I'm 45 years old,

  [14:41.14]if I start exercising now,

  [14:43.48]do I make a difference?

  [14:45.30]W: Well, certainly.

  [14:46.78]The data we show right now is

  [14:48.71]exercising in your 40s and 50s.

  [14:51.68]Hopefully we wanna start

  [14:53.08]a little bit early,

  [14:54.34]but in your 30s,

  [14:55.33]40s and 50s,

  [14:56.75]it will make a difference

  [14:58.15]for reducing the risk

  [14:59.18]of getting Alzheimer

  [15:00.54]as you get older.

  [15:02.22]And there's even newer research

  [15:03.97]with children

  [15:04.94]that is also very exciting.

  [15:07.96]This is the end of

  [15:08.94]Part One of the interview.

  [15:11.09]Questions 1 to 5 are based on

  [15:13.48]what you have just heard.

  [15:15.65]1. What is the topic of this interview?

  [15:29.88]2. What is Miriam Nelson?

  [15:43.00]3. According to the interview,

  [15:46.02]what is the benefit

  [15:47.07]of doing exercise?

  [15:58.92]4. Which of the following statements

  [16:02.01]about the new research is INCORRECT?

  [16:14.73]5. According to the interview,

  [16:17.91]what do more nerve cells mean?

  [16:30.28]Now, listen to Part Two

  [16:31.78]of the interview.

  [16:33.38]Questions 6 to 10

  [16:34.79]are based on

  [16:35.64]Part Two of the interview.

  [16:38.57]M: Let me switch gears now

  [16:40.14]and turn into the subject

  [16:41.61]of the connection

  [16:42.51]between rigorous exercise

  [16:44.78]and preventing breast cancer.

  [16:47.46]And, specifically I am talking

  [16:49.40]about estrogen negative breast cancers.

  [16:52.69]A study showed

  [16:53.62]that there was a drop

  [16:54.59]between 26 and 40 percent

  [16:56.65]even if you take the lower end

  [16:58.40]of that spectrum.

  [17:00.24]That is significant.

  [17:02.14]W: It's a very large decrease.

  [17:04.28]So, one of the first studies

  [17:05.86]with the Nurse's Health Study

  [17:07.76]followed 3,000 people

  [17:09.37]for 14 years and they saw

  [17:12.21]a between 26 to 40 percent decrease

  [17:15.25]in death and recurrence

  [17:16.76]in individuals

  [17:17.88]who already had breast cancer.

  [17:20.19]This newest study,

  [17:21.44]the California Teacher Study,

  [17:23.49]followed 110,000 women

  [17:26.28]from the earlier mid-90s

  [17:28.24]up until 2002 and they saw

  [17:31.23]that the women

  [17:32.09]that were exercising the most

  [17:33.83]had the greatest reduction

  [17:35.08]in breast cancer,

  [17:36.86]as you said, about 31 percent,

  [17:39.66]about 5 hours a week.

  [17:42.18]M: What about the impact

  [17:43.32]of exercise on

  [17:44.47]estrogen positive cancers?

  [17:47.30]W: Well, the studies before

  [17:48.94]and the school's latest study

  [17:50.81]have not really differentiated

  [17:52.66]between the two.

  [17:54.12]We've always thought

  [17:55.11]that it was through estrogen,

  [17:56.61]because when you exercise,

  [17:58.38]you have lower levels of estrogen,

  [18:01.12]so we thought that was a reason

  [18:03.00]that you got the decrease.

  [18:04.96]This California Teacher Study

  [18:06.64]was in the estrogen negative,

  [18:08.49]um, type of cancer.

  [18:10.43]So it seems,

  [18:11.31]at the moment,

  [18:12.22]that's just one study,

  [18:13.73]so, at the moment,

  [18:14.88]it's really looking like

  [18:16.22]it's all types of breast cancer.

  [18:19.15]M: So to wrap things up

  [18:20.61]for a woman

  [18:21.42]who gets a diagnosis

  [18:22.58]of breast cancer is difficult.

  [18:25.30]Does it make sound the first thing

  [18:27.16]you would tell that woman to do

  [18:28.79]is go out and start exercising?

  [18:31.58]W: Well, see your doctor

  [18:33.33]and get a very good medical team

  [18:35.47]and then make sure

  [18:36.34]that exercise is an adjunct to that,

  [18:39.04]and the research that we are doing

  [18:40.74]at the Friedman School is showing

  [18:42.56]that we can get

  [18:43.50]a lot of people exercising.

  [18:45.95]So, um, it's really important

  [18:48.03]for your brain as well as

  [18:49.51]reducing your risk of breast cancer.

  [18:52.00]And as a woman

  [18:52.94]with a history of Alzheimer

  [18:54.46]in my family,

  [18:55.84]I am certainly gonna

  [18:57.02]keep exercising.

  [18:59.34]M: A lot of people are gonna

  [19:00.55]pay attention to it.

  [19:02.26]Miriam Nelson,

  [19:03.44]professor, thanks,

  [19:05.08]good to have you here.

  [19:06.52]W: Oh, my pleasure.

  [19:08.80]This is the end of

  [19:10.16]Part Two of the interview.

  [19:11.96]Questions 6 to 10 are based on

  [19:14.23]what you have just heard.

  [19:16.53]6. What is the connection

  [19:19.57]between exercise

  [19:20.98]and preventing breast cancer?

  [19:33.31]7. According to

  [19:35.14]the California Teacher Study,

  [19:37.38]what percentage of decrease

  [19:38.91]in breast cancer

  [19:40.07]did the women who exercised

  [19:41.92]5 hours a week have?

  [19:53.85]8. According to Miriam Nelson,

  [19:57.05]what have they thought

  [19:58.06]was the reason of breast cancer?

  [20:10.48]9. What did

  [20:12.20]the California Teacher Study study?

  [20:24.84]10. What is the first thing

  [20:27.43]a woman should do

  [20:28.61]if she gets a diagnosis

  [20:30.13]of breast cancer?


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