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2019专八听力全真模拟练习mp3附文本(10)

2019-01-11 16:55:33 来源:网络专四专八资料下载

2019专八听力全真模拟练习mp3附文本(10)

  2019专八考试将于2019年3月23日上午开考,专八听力占整个试卷25分,是除阅读外第二大分值题型,需要通过长期的积累和多听多练才能提高此题型得分率,在考试前期新东方在线整理了20套专八听力全真模拟练习题,音频内容完全按照专八听力考试形式,包含minilecture和conversation希望对大家自测练习有所帮助。

2019专八听力全真模拟练习二十篇

  [00:23.60]TEST 10

  [00:25.17]SECTION A MINI-LECTURE

  [00:28.49]In this section

  [00:29.39]you will hear a mini-lecture.

  [00:31.60]You will hear

  [00:32.29]the mini-lecture ONCE ONLY.

  [00:34.48]While listening to the mini-lecture,

  [00:36.18]please complete the gap-filling task

  [00:38.36]on ANSWER SHEET ONE and write

  [00:40.98]NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS

  [00:42.50]for each gap.

  [00:44.44]Make sure the word(s) you fill in

  [00:47.63]is (are) both grammatically

  [00:50.22]and semantically acceptable.

  [00:52.72]You may use the blank sheet

  [00:54.33]for note-taking.

  [00:55.88]You have THIRTY seconds

  [00:57.19]to preview the gap-filling task.

  [01:29.71]Now listen to the mini-lecture.

  [01:31.59]When it is over,

  [01:33.03]you will be given THREE minutes

  [01:34.46]to check your work.

  [01:36.93]The Survival of English

  [01:39.47]Good morning.

  [01:40.72]Twice in its history,

  [01:42.09]English came very close

  [01:43.76]to joining the list

  [01:44.75]of dead languages.

  [01:46.48]Yet,

  [01:46.96]this language of a small island

  [01:48.75]not only survived,

  [01:50.07]but lived to be spoken

  [01:51.43]by an estimated 1.5 billion people

  [01:54.37]in the 21st century.

  [01:56.47]Today we shall have a look at

  [01:57.86]how English escaped its extinction.

  [02:01.12]Death is a common fate

  [02:02.53]of unwritten languages.

  [02:04.47]But written records of the languages

  [02:06.33]spoken on the island of Britain

  [02:08.52]show us how the English language

  [02:10.63]became the language of the island

  [02:12.68]and how it survived.

  [02:14.62]We now turn to those written records.

  [02:17.38]There are five critical periods

  [02:19.28]in the survival

  [02:20.10]of the English language.

  [02:22.23]1) 410 CE to the mid-eighth century

  [02:26.86]Early in the fifth century,

  [02:28.42]Rome recalled its legions

  [02:30.21]and told the Britons

  [02:31.44]to defend themselves.

  [02:33.50]Rich, unprotected,

  [02:34.89]and attacked from all sides,

  [02:36.75]King Vortigern on the east coast

  [02:39.12]invited Germanic mercenaries

  [02:41.08]to cross the channel

  [02:42.50]to defend him against his enemies

  [02:44.57]within and without.

  [02:46.30]These mercenaries,

  [02:47.47]mostly Angle and Saxon clans

  [02:49.92]of Germanic peoples,

  [02:51.61]called their language "Englisc".

  [02:54.83]The language

  [02:55.47]of the Germanic mercenaries

  [02:57.12]became the language

  [02:58.24]of the conquered area.

  [03:00.13]From the seventh

  [03:01.11]through the mid-eighth century

  [03:02.63]York in Northumbria,

  [03:04.36]famed for its schools

  [03:05.58]and for its literary productions,

  [03:07.78]was the center

  [03:08.66]of the English-speaking world.

  [03:11.58]2) Mid-eighth century to 899

  [03:15.74]By the mid 700's,

  [03:17.56]the Anglo-Saxons

  [03:19.11]were on the receiving end

  [03:20.26]of slaughter and ruined

  [03:22.17]by Danish armies.

  [03:24.34]The Danes overran

  [03:25.46]all the Anglo-Saxon areas,

  [03:27.43]including Northumbria,

  [03:29.59]the heartland of literacy

  [03:31.33]in Anglo-Saxon England.

  [03:33.47]Wessex,

  [03:34.54]ruled by Alfred the Great,

  [03:36.51]remained the only area

  [03:37.95]still controlled by English speakers.

  [03:41.02]The Danes were neither united

  [03:42.62]nor had a united command;

  [03:45.10]Alfred did.

  [03:46.34]Eventually,

  [03:47.38]Alfred forced the Danes back.

  [03:50.08]Danish Northumbria

  [03:51.26]submitted to Alfred in 886.

  [03:54.79]After a century

  [03:55.92]and more of death and destruction,

  [03:58.38]very few literate

  [03:59.46]English-speaking people remained.

  [04:02.12]Alfred set out

  [04:03.21]to revive the language

  [04:04.48]through education and writing.

  [04:07.13]In 891 he sent out a call

  [04:09.38]for anybody

  [04:10.46]who could read or write.

  [04:12.64]Outside of his personal staff,

  [04:15.10]the handwriting

  [04:16.27]of only eight new people

  [04:17.82]appeared in the earliest records.

  [04:20.42]The center of literary production

  [04:22.23]shifted from York in Northumbria

  [04:24.75]to Winchester in Wessex.

  [04:27.13]Due to Alfred's education programs,

  [04:29.80]most of the existing laws,

  [04:31.65]poems, songs and stories

  [04:33.88]were in the West Saxon,

  [04:35.50]dialect of his Wessex.

  [04:37.60]Alfred died in 899.

  [04:40.82]3) 959 to 1066

  [04:44.67]In 959, King Edgar,

  [04:46.87]the great-grandson of Alfred,

  [04:48.98]ruled both Danes and Saxons

  [04:51.08]in England.

  [04:52.70]The incompetent King

  [04:53.92]Ethelred the Unready

  [04:55.38]succeeded Edgar.

  [04:57.22]He could not control the Danes.

  [04:59.55]More Danes invaded;

  [05:01.16]civil war followed.

  [05:02.86]This second time,

  [05:04.05]violent battles ended in a tie.

  [05:06.02]The Danish leader, Canute,

  [05:07.98]and Saxon King-elect,

  [05:09.72]Edmund Ironsides,

  [05:11.38]divided the country into Danish

  [05:13.14]and English speaking areas.

  [05:15.31]Canute and Edmund

  [05:16.57]made a compromise

  [05:17.79]that a united kingdom went to

  [05:19.16]whoever survived the other.

  [05:21.63]Two years later,

  [05:22.93]Edmund died;

  [05:24.22]Canute became King of all England

  [05:26.42]in 1018.

  [05:28.21]With Canute,

  [05:29.34]the center of literary production

  [05:31.10]moved to London.

  [05:32.86]English remained a written language,

  [05:35.06]at least for sermons and laws.

  [05:38.10]Widower Canute wedded Emma,

  [05:40.30]daughter of the Duke of Normandy.

  [05:42.45]She was the mother of Edward,

  [05:44.43]who became king after Canute's heir.

  [05:47.51]Raised in Normandy,

  [05:49.02]Edward preferred the French.

  [05:51.25]In 1066,

  [05:52.96]the French-speaking Normans

  [05:54.44]conquered England.

  [05:55.94]Norman French, based in London,

  [05:58.10]became the only language of literature,

  [06:00.53]law, and court.

  [06:02.50]This third time,

  [06:03.78]English became the language

  [06:04.97]of the brutally oppressed illiterate.

  [06:07.66]The language again

  [06:08.73]seemed heading for extinction.

  [06:11.42]4) 1080 to the seventeenth century

  [06:14.67]After 1080,

  [06:16.05]only a few written documents

  [06:17.79]in English appeared:

  [06:19.41]a last chronicle entry in 1134;

  [06:22.70]a manual for religious women

  [06:24.78]from around 1200.

  [06:26.70]During the twelfth

  [06:27.62]and most of the thirteenth centuries,

  [06:30.04]we have no written records

  [06:31.38]of English laws, poetry,

  [06:33.26]songs, or stories.

  [06:35.26]In 1258 the bilingual French-English

  [06:38.34]"Provisions of Oxford",

  [06:40.32]granting some rights to barons,

  [06:42.28]showed up as

  [06:43.14]the first public document in English.

  [06:46.31]In the fourteenth century

  [06:47.97]the English language resurfaced

  [06:49.81]as a legal and literary language.

  [06:52.34]Orally transmitted English poetry

  [06:54.62]was preserved in written form

  [06:56.55]in the Auchinleck Manuscript

  [06:58.94]from 1325 to 1330.

  [07:02.02]In 1344 the first petition

  [07:04.86]in English appeared.

  [07:06.64]In the last quarter of the century,

  [07:08.54]Chaucer wrote his works,

  [07:10.62]including The Canterbury Tales,

  [07:12.48]in English.

  [07:13.81]During this same period,

  [07:15.25]John Wycliffe translated the Bible

  [07:17.62]into English,

  [07:18.92]the language of the common people.

  [07:21.19]In the fifteenth century,

  [07:22.86]English gave further signs

  [07:24.19]of renewed life.

  [07:26.18]In 1413,

  [07:27.95]King Henry IV

  [07:29.46]wrote the first royal will in English.

  [07:32.31]Religious plays were in English.

  [07:34.67]By the late sixteenth century,

  [07:36.74]we see the flowering of English theater

  [07:39.19]with Shakespeare and Marlowe

  [07:40.74]and Jonson.

  [07:42.23]Modern English arrived

  [07:43.49]in the seventeenth century.

  [07:45.57]The English language

  [07:46.75]won this "Battle of Britain".

  [07:49.46]5) 1837 to today

  [07:52.88]In the nineteenth century,

  [07:54.59]the British Empire

  [07:55.54]was in the English language.

  [07:57.79]By the twentieth century,

  [07:59.78]the empire had brought areas

  [08:01.70]where is now India,

  [08:03.10]Canada,

  [08:03.80]Australia,

  [08:04.63]New Zealand,

  [08:05.44]Hong Kong,

  [08:06.21]Singapore,

  [08:07.13]South Africa,

  [08:08.40]Jamaica,

  [08:09.20]Trinidad and Tobago,

  [08:10.78]Guyana,

  [08:11.76]and Bermuda under imperial rule.

  [08:14.54]English, of course,

  [08:15.60]was also the language

  [08:16.62]of the United States.

  [08:18.94]The United States did its part

  [08:20.55]to spread the language

  [08:21.63]to the Philippines and Samoa.

  [08:24.05]There is, however,

  [08:25.22]a substantial difference

  [08:26.58]between the wide-spread,

  [08:27.94]yet irregular,

  [08:28.97]distribution of English

  [08:30.44]in the nineteenth

  [08:31.74]and early twentieth centuries and today.

  [08:34.46]The difference is the computer,

  [08:36.39]the World Wide Web,

  [08:37.76]and rapid communication.

  [08:40.21]Today, not surprisingly,

  [08:42.21]the English language is global in use.

  [08:45.29]English-speakers built

  [08:46.54]the first electronic computing machines

  [08:48.95]during World War II,

  [08:50.81]which heralded the computer age.

  [08:53.17]Years later, the technology

  [08:55.07]that created the Internet

  [08:56.53]and the World Wide Web

  [08:58.43]is primarily the product of speakers

  [09:00.73]and writers of the English language.

  [09:03.81]Instruction manuals

  [09:05.24]and technical documents,

  [09:07.18]as well as printers, keyboards,

  [09:09.02]and monitors are for users of English.

  [09:12.13]OK. Today we have learned

  [09:14.23]the five critical periods

  [09:15.83]of English language.

  [09:17.77]Although other languages

  [09:18.86]across history

  [09:20.04]reached the corners

  [09:21.14]of their then known world,

  [09:23.16]the English language

  [09:24.15]survived near extinction;

  [09:25.95]its written records now

  [09:27.86]endlessly circle the entire world.

  [09:31.37]So much for today.

  [09:32.98]Thank you for your attention.

  [09:35.29]Now, you have THREE minutes

  [09:36.99]to check your work.

  [12:38.78]This is the end of

  [12:39.69]Section A Mini-lecture.

  [12:43.17]SECTION B INTERVIEW

  [12:46.34]In this section

  [12:47.31]you will hear ONE interview.

  [12:49.56]The interview

  [12:50.22]will be divided into TWO parts.

  [12:52.85]At the end of each part,

  [12:54.36]five questions will be asked

  [12:56.21]about what was said.

  [12:57.87]Both the interview

  [12:58.80]and the questions

  [12:59.87]will be spoken ONCE ONLY.

  [13:02.38]After each question

  [13:03.61]there will be a ten-second pause.

  [13:06.03]During the pause,

  [13:07.12]you should read the four choices

  [13:09.09]of A, B, C and D,

  [13:12.19]and mark the best answer

  [13:13.57]to each question

  [13:14.72]on ANSWER SHEET TWO.

  [13:16.76]You have THIRTY seconds

  [13:18.17]to preview the questions.

  [13:50.20]Now, listen to Part One

  [13:51.70]of the interview.

  [13:53.31]Questions 1 to 5 are based on

  [13:55.33]Part One of the interview.

  [13:58.05]M: The road to happiness

  [13:59.21]is easier than you think.

  [14:01.50]Sign up now to join

  [14:03.01]thousands of others

  [14:04.23]in the I Feel Good

  [14:05.70]Community Challenge-

  [14:07.52]6 weeks to a happier

  [14:08.93]and more balanced you.

  [14:11.17]IVillage contributor Amy Hendel

  [14:13.76]is the health expert

  [14:15.03]waiting to challenge.

  [14:16.80]Amy, good morning.

  [14:19.06]W: Good morning,

  [14:20.05]and there's a lot of happiness

  [14:21.73]on this day.

  [14:23.20]M: Yes. We feel good all the time.

  [14:26.31]Tell us what is this thing?

  [14:29.06]W: This is a six-week challenge

  [14:30.97]to make women realize

  [14:32.43]that they need to reclaim

  [14:33.90]a little me time.

  [14:35.83]Women are out of balance.

  [14:37.78]They don't realize

  [14:38.83]that they are doing so much

  [14:40.17]for others.

  [14:41.46]They're not taking a little time

  [14:42.90]for themselves.

  [14:44.72]M: So do you think in a sense,

  [14:46.45]women may feel

  [14:47.60]that they are selfish

  [14:48.81]if they are taking time

  [14:50.27]for themselves?

  [14:51.89]that's time away from

  [14:53.09]family and friends

  [14:54.17]and responsibilities.

  [14:56.37]W: We are the natural caretakers

  [14:58.43]and often the point persons.

  [15:00.60]If we always think this way,

  [15:02.58]it may have a negative connotation

  [15:04.64]to take me time.

  [15:06.51]We think of the women

  [15:07.57]who do it to a fault,

  [15:09.52]but we are actually

  [15:10.72]being detrimental to our own balance.

  [15:14.11]Our mental health and well-being

  [15:16.01]depend on having a little happiness

  [15:18.10]in our life.

  [15:19.57]M: OK. So let's focus on the features

  [15:22.61]and the tools of the I Feel

  [15:24.47]Good Community Challenge.

  [15:26.09]W: OK.

  [15:27.00]M: First of all, a rant board.

  [15:29.33]W: Yes. Because it's not good

  [15:31.18]to cry out

  [15:31.96]to your husband,

  [15:32.86]nor to your co-worker, your boss,

  [15:35.17]maybe your friend.

  [15:36.81]But you need a place to let it out.

  [15:39.01]We want distressed people

  [15:40.22]to feel safe complaining,

  [15:42.16]and then get on to the me time.

  [15:44.73]M: A 〝peace-of-mind〞 plan.

  [15:47.17]W: This is actually a tool

  [15:48.55]that's on the health aspect

  [15:49.78]of the iVillage website-

  [15:52.25]it's ongoing all the time

  [15:54.12]but it specifically addresses stress

  [15:56.89]and it personally tells you how

  [15:59.05]to identify it and get rid of it.

  [16:02.12]It's going to be important

  [16:03.43]in this challenge.

  [16:05.20]M: And then you got the iConnect.

  [16:08.59]I guess that's

  [16:09.26]where everybody comes together.

  [16:11.62]W: that's the message board.

  [16:13.38]That's where

  [16:13.98]the community comes together

  [16:15.77]because it's

  [16:16.15]about supporting each other

  [16:18.21]and giving each other ideas

  [16:20.17]on how to do this.

  [16:22.36]M: Now you got down here a Daily Blog.

  [16:25.29]Is this your blog?

  [16:27.38]W: I do a daily blog,

  [16:29.15]and I normally cry out

  [16:30.61]the bad things going on.

  [16:32.94]But specifically to this challenge,

  [16:35.58]I'll be talking

  [16:36.17]about the daily assignments,

  [16:38.27]my own challenges with it,

  [16:40.18]and how people can creatively

  [16:42.04]get me time.

  [16:43.91]M: And then you got coaches.

  [16:46.14]What kind of coaches?

  [16:47.81]W: Well. I'm a coach,

  [16:49.16]and there's another coach.

  [16:50.94]We are actually going to be

  [16:52.10]accepting personal me

  [16:53.80]time makeovers

  [16:55.32]where somebody sends in e-mail,

  [16:57.39]and we give them four

  [16:58.66]or five quick tips

  [17:00.07]to carve out the time to realize

  [17:02.12]why they need it

  [17:03.51]and then to creatively find it.

  [17:06.29]This is the end

  [17:07.08]of Part One of the interview.

  [17:09.17]Questions 1 to 5 are based on

  [17:11.33]what you have just heard.

  [17:13.38]1. What kind of people is

  [17:16.33]the six-week challenge designed for?

  [17:29.05]2. Why does Amy present

  [17:31.67]the rant board?

  [17:43.23]3. What is the function of iConnect

  [17:46.81]as a board on the website?

  [17:58.77]4. What does Amy normally do

  [18:02.10]on her daily blog?

  [18:13.76]5. What does Amy do as a coach?

  [18:27.92]Now, listen to Part Two

  [18:29.65]of the interview.

  [18:31.05]Questions 6 to 10 are based on

  [18:33.73]Part Two of the interview.

  [18:36.27]M: And you've got

  [18:37.23]I Feel Good Video, right?

  [18:40.33]W: After this morning

  [18:41.36]on the 〝Today〞 set,

  [18:42.71]you're home, get rid of the chaos,

  [18:44.74]organizational skills,

  [18:46.41]you've got to find me time

  [18:48.22]by being creative

  [18:49.39]about your organization.

  [18:51.71]M: You got some assignment tips,

  [18:53.69]So that in other words,

  [18:55.29]carve out me time.

  [18:57.39]W: Carve out me time at home

  [18:59.01]and on the job.

  [19:00.53]On the job, the day before,

  [19:02.62]take 10 minutes,

  [19:03.92]set up your folders,

  [19:05.23]set up your phone list, find out

  [19:07.13]who's going to need you tomorrow,

  [19:09.60]so there are fewer surprises.

  [19:11.79]At home, lay out your clothes,

  [19:14.01]lay out the breakfast table,

  [19:15.65]the lunches,

  [19:16.54]and even lay out your make-up

  [19:17.97]in order,

  [19:18.84]so it can happen quickly

  [19:20.86]and maybe you'll get more sleep time,

  [19:23.53]maybe you'll get some exercises.

  [19:26.26]M: And what I guess would be

  [19:26.76]kind of a subset of me time is

  [19:29.37]to find a hobby.

  [19:30.70]W: Absolutely.

  [19:31.91]We need to reclaim passion

  [19:33.43]and happiness.

  [19:34.75]Think about

  [19:35.44]what made you happy as a kid,

  [19:37.72]think about a new direction

  [19:39.00]you want to

  [19:39.64]go and rethink your life goals,

  [19:42.38]find quiet time to think

  [19:43.68]about these stuff,

  [19:45.38]and then realize

  [19:46.30]how enhanced your life would be

  [19:48.42]if you have it.

  [19:50.18]M: And you said avoid roadblocks.

  [19:52.86]What are roadblocks?

  [19:54.92]W: Not being able to say no.

  [19:57.05]You know the just-say-no phrase?

  [19:59.54]You need to invoke it.

  [20:01.42]We're PMSing, meaning we are

  [20:03.43]perfect mommy syndrome people.

  [20:06.18]We are the caretakers of the world?

  [20:08.26]Say no.

  [20:09.60]Don't be the head of every team,

  [20:11.17]every group;

  [20:12.22]don't take every leadership role.

  [20:14.72]Tell your husband,

  [20:15.92]communicate and say

  [20:17.23]those hard words: Honey,

  [20:19.10]I need help.

  [20:20.59]M: OK,

  [20:21.79]And when you say be creative,

  [20:23.88]what do you mean?

  [20:25.29]W: I mean you need to really be smart

  [20:27.58]about how you carve out me time.

  [20:30.45]You need to save yourself:

  [20:32.94]Is my house needing

  [20:33.92]a little Zen-like recreation,

  [20:36.19]so that I am not walking

  [20:37.23]through chaos,

  [20:38.78]so that I am not wasting time

  [20:40.31]looking for things?

  [20:42.16]Also be creative

  [20:43.42]about what you want to do

  [20:45.01]with the time, make it valuable,

  [20:47.70]healthy eating

  [20:48.66]takes carve-out me time,

  [20:50.51]exercise takes carve-out me time.

  [20:53.36]M: And it's all on the website.

  [20:55.75]W: All on the website

  [20:56.90]and it starts May 21.

  [20:59.21]Sign up now.

  [21:00.43]M: OK, Amy, thanks so much.

  [21:03.48]This is the end

  [21:04.56]of Part Two of the interview.

  [21:06.50]Questions 6 to 10 are based on

  [21:08.55]what you have just heard.

  [21:10.64]6. According to Amy,

  [21:13.61]what should you do

  [21:15.14]if you want to get more sleep time?

  [21:27.17]7. Why is hobby a good subset

  [21:31.09]of me time?

  [21:42.55]8. What is the roadblock for woman?

  [21:56.85]9. What should a woman do

  [21:59.34]to avoid roadblocks?

  [22:11.59]10. What does Amy mean

  [22:14.35]by saying be creative?


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