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2019英语专八听力mini lecture全真模拟训练MP3附文本(二十八)

2019-03-07 10:56:43来源:网络

2019英语专八听力mini lecture全真模拟训练MP3附文本(二十八)

  2019专八考试临近,寒假期间专八考生们也别松懈了对专八听力的训练,新东方在线专八频道整理了2019英语专八听力mini lecture全真模拟训练MP3附文本,希望大家认真复习。

2019英语专八听力mini lecture全真模拟训练MP3附文本汇总

 

  [00:10.12]TEST FOR ENGLISH MAJORS--GRADE EIGHT

  [00:13.51]Section A MINI-LECTURE

  [00:16.97]In this section you will hear a mini-lecture.

  [00:20.29]You will hear the mini-lecture ONCE ONLY.

  [00:23.73]While listening to the mini-lecture,

  [00:25.82]please complete the gap-filling task on ANSWER SHEET ONE

  [00:30.29]and write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each gap.

  [00:34.70]Make sure the word(s) you fill in is (are) both grammatically

  [00:39.23]and semantically acceptable.

  [00:41.85]You may use the blank sheet for note-taking.

  [00:45.67]You have THIRTY seconds to preview the gap-filling task.

  [01:19.89]Now, listen to the mini-lecture.

  [01:22.30]When it is over, you will be given THREE minutes

  [01:25.05]to check your work.

  [01:27.50]English as a Global Language

  [01:30.61]Good morning everyone.

  [01:32.23]Today we are going to examine English as a global language.

  [01:36.79]English has played the role as a global language for quite some time.

  [01:41.39]Some theorists mention some characteristics of English as a global language

  [01:46.43]i.e. the use of English has spread across the world

  [01:50.36]and it has become the most preferable foreign language teaching.

  [01:54.67]English has also been used widely in economic, political, and scientific fields

  [02:01.01]as well as the main tool of communication in media

  [02:04.62]such as ratio, television, newspaper, and even internet. This is not good news to all.

  [02:12.15]For example, some argue that the global dominance of the English language

  [02:16.71]is bad news for world literature. Why?

  [02:20.21]Because if the English language dominates world publishing,

  [02:23.69]very few translations will be commercially viable,

  [02:27.83]except those from English to other languages.

  [02:30.89]As a result, virtually only those writing in English

  [02:34.31]will have a chance of reaching a world audience and achieving "classic status".

  [02:39.91]The outcome is clear: just as in the sciences,

  [02:43.09]those who wish to reach a world audience will write in English.

  [02:47.19]World literature will be an English literature and will be the poorer for it —

  [02:52.83]as if all music were written only for the cello.

  [02:57.01]Having said that, we must understand

  [02:59.44]that the spread of globalization all over the world is unstoppable nowadays.

  [03:04.54]Although the definition of globalization itself really depends

  [03:08.60]on what perspectives someone may look at,

  [03:11.33]its impact has infiltrated in some aspects of our life.

  [03:15.75]Similarly, the spread of English as a global language has been an interesting issue

  [03:21.23]on whether it will bring bad or good impact to the society.

  [03:25.65]Like god has created everything in this world in pairs, for instance,

  [03:29.82]men and women, night and day, badness and goodness, life and death, and so on.

  [03:36.22]The impacts of English as a global language also come up with such nature,

  [03:41.48]the positive and negative.

  [03:43.97]In the next few minutes I am going to give a snapshot of both sides.

  [03:48.76]First of all, the positive impacts of English as a global language.

  [03:53.55]The existence of English as a global language

  [03:56.11]has contributed positive impacts on some areas.

  [04:00.27]In trade or business area, English is a medium of communication

  [04:05.38]among businessmen throughout the world.

  [04:08.25]Indonesian exporters, for example,

  [04:10.61]who want to export their local products to another country,

  [04:14.22]must negotiate with prospective importers by using common language,

  [04:19.23]in this case, English.

  [04:21.53]In academic communities, the use of English in lecture-rooms or lecture-conferences

  [04:27.34]has commonly happened in international levelled-universities.

  [04:31.71]A lecturer in Indonesia can deliver his/her lecture to students in Thailand

  [04:37.31]by using English-teleconference.

  [04:40.11]It might happen because of a global language and global technology.

  [04:44.79]In addition, in English Language Teaching (ELT), as a global language,

  [04:50.58]English gives great opportunities to many English-speaking countries

  [04:54.69]to promote ELT all over the world.

  [04:57.81]As some experts point out, the spread of English use in most parts of the world

  [05:03.04]contributes more benefits for English speaking countries.

  [05:07.64]British council, Indonesia Australia Language Foundation (IALF)

  [05:13.57]are examples of institutions that carry out programs

  [05:17.76]on English language teaching in Indonesia.

  [05:21.14]These language institutions are considerably gaining profit

  [05:25.06]by providing language training for Indonesians.

  [05:28.48]They can make a lot of money from Language teaching materials,

  [05:31.71]such as TOEFL/IELTS preparation and any other English course.

  [05:37.38]Now, let's turn to the negative impacts of English as a global language.

  [05:42.44]The question whether the spread of English leads globalization

  [05:46.42]or the globalization has led English appears to be on-going debate.

  [05:52.08]Obviously, the impact of English spread is undeniable.

  [05:56.62]The negative impact is particularly for those who cannot use English

  [06:00.75]as the tool of their communication.

  [06:03.44]It is noted that a global language can cause

  [06:06.55]"linguistic and communicative inequality".

  [06:10.53]We can see a good example of this inequality in the classroom.

  [06:14.58]When we are teaching speaking skill to our students,

  [06:17.41]we often find students who cannot speak English fluently tend to be quiet

  [06:22.51]when we have them in discussion or other speaking activities.

  [06:26.43]On the contrary, students who can speak English fluently

  [06:29.79]tend to dominate the discussion.

  [06:32.34]In a broader sense, for example, in international conference,

  [06:36.01]the English speaker delegation often take advantages of being able to speak English

  [06:41.36]to impose their opinion on other delegation.

  [06:45.33]For some level, a crucial decision for international purpose

  [06:49.32]sometimes was made based on this dominant opinion.

  [06:53.78]If so, the impact of a global English is not only

  [06:57.74]in linguistic and communicative inequality but also social inequality

  [07:03.22]because a decision made in international conference

  [07:06.39]is for the whole society's purpose in the world.

  [07:09.57]But practically, it is made by some people who own a dominant language.

  [07:14.73]Furthermore, one linguistics expert

  [07:17.82]notes that the impact of English as a global language

  [07:21.06]encompasses "linguistic power, linguistic complacency, and linguistic death".

  [07:28.15]Linguistic power refers to those who have English as their first language

  [07:32.51]will hold more power than those

  [07:34.59]who speak English as their second or foreign language.

  [07:38.14]He further gives an example that being English native speaker

  [07:41.87]is a ticket to have a good career in English language companies.

  [07:46.41]Next, linguistic complacency refers to less intention of English speakers

  [07:52.17]to learn another language as well as its culture because they think that

  [07:56.68]English as a global language has been spoken by all people in the world.

  [08:01.91]So, there is no use to learn other languages.

  [08:06.08]Finally, linguistic death refers to the existence of a global language

  [08:11.49]that may lead to the death of other languages.

  [08:14.73]The massive spread of English in every aspect of our life

  [08:18.59]cannot be caught up by other languages such as French, Arabic, and Spanish.

  [08:24.90]Experts also point out the dominance of English that causes monolingualism

  [08:30.62]may ignore the use of other languages.

  [08:34.17]OK. I have outlined the positive and negative impacts of English

  [08:38.32]as the global language.

  [08:40.31]But like it or not, English is quite dominant in the world.

  [08:44.60]The best attitude towards it could be summarized in two words: "necessary evil".

  [08:51.20]With that, we conclude our discussion for today.

  [08:55.87]Now you have THREE minutes to check your work.

  [11:59.85]This is the end of Section A MINI-LECTURE.

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