2012年英语专业八级真题

2013-11-07 13:22:34来源:网络

  以下是新东方在线为同学们整理的2012年英语专业八级真题,供各位考生参考。

  TEM8-2012

  TEST FOR ENGLISH MAJORS (2012)

  -GRADE EIGHT- TIME LIMIT: 195 MIN

  PART I LISTENING COMPREttENSION (35 MIN)

  SECTION A MINI-LECTURE

  In this section you will hear a mini-lecture. You will hear the lecture ONCE ONLY While listening, take notes on the important points. Your notes will not be marked, but you will need them to complete a gap-filling task after the mini-lecture. When the lecture is over, you will be given two minutes to check your notes, and another ten minutes to complete the gap-filling task on ANSWER SHEET ONE, using no more than three words in each gap. Make sure the word(s) you fill in is (are) both grammatically and semantically acceptable. You may refer to your notes while completing the task. Use the blank sheet for note-taking. Now, listen to the mini-lecture.

  Observation Behaviour

  People do observation in daily life context for safety or for proper behaviour. However, there are differences in daily life observation and research observation.

  A. Differences

  ---- daily life observation

  --casual

  --(1) ________

  --defendence on memory

  ---- research observation

  -- (2) _________

  -- careful record keeping

  B. Ways to select samples in research

  ---- time sampling

  -- systematic: e.g. fixed intervals every hour

  -- random: fixed intervals but (3) _______

  Systematic sampling and random sampling are often used in combination.

  ---- (4) _______

  -- definition: selection of different locations

  -- reason: humans’ or animals’ behaviour (5) ______ across circumstances

  -- (6) ______: more objective observations

  C. Ways to record behaviour (7) _______

  ---- observation with intervention

  -- participant observation: researcher as observer and participant

  -- field experiment: research (8) ______ over conditions

  ---- observation without intervention

  -- purpose: describing behaviour (9) ______

  -- (10) ______ : no intervention

  -- researcher: a passive recorder

  SECTION B INTERVIEW

  In this section you will hear everything ONCE ONLY. Listen carefully and then answer the questions that follow. Mark the best answer to each question on ANSWER SHEET TWO.

  Questions 1 to 5 are based on an interview. At the end of the interview you will be given 10 seconds to answer each of the foliowing five questions. Now listen to the interview.

  1. Which of the following statements about creativity is INCORRECT?

  A. Creativity stems from human beings novel thinking.

  B. The duration of the creative process varies from person to person.

  C. Creative people focus on novel thinking rather than on solutions.

  D. The outcome of human creativity comes in varied forms.

  2. The interviewee cites the Bach family to show that creativity

  A. appears to be the result of the environment.

  B. seems to be attributable to genetic makeup.

  C. appears to be more associated with great people.

  D. comes from both environment and genetic makeup.

  3. How many types of the creative process does the interviewee describe?

  A. One. B. Two. C. Three. D. Four.

  4. Which of the following features of a creative personality is NOT mentioned in the interview?

  A. Unconventional. B. Original.

  C. Resolute. D. Critical.

  5. The interviewees suggestion for a creativity workout supports the view that

  A. brain exercising will not make people creative.

  B. most people have diversified interests and hobbies.

  C. the environment is significant in the creative process.

  D. creativity can only be found in great people.

  SECTION C NEWS BROADCAST

  In this section you will hear everything ONCE ONLY. Listen carefully and then answer the questions that follow. Mark the best answer to each question on ANSWER SHEET TWO. Question 6 is based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be given 10 seconds to answer the question. Now listen to the news.

  6. What is the news item mainly about?

  A. U.S. astronauts made three space walks.

  B. An international space station was set up.

  C. A problem in the cooling system was solved.

  D. A 350-kilogram ammonia pump was removed.

  Questions 7 and 8 are based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be given 20 seconds to answer the questions. Now listen to the news.

  7. In which country would parents often threaten to punish children by leaving them outside?

  A. India. B. The Philippines.

  C. Egypt. D. Not mentioned.

  8. What is the main purpose of the study?

  A. To reveal cultural differences and similarities.

  B. To expose cases of child abuse and punishment.

  C. To analyze child behaviour across countries.

  D. To investigate ways of physical punishment.

  Questions 9 and 10 are based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be given 20 seconds to answer the questions. Now listen to the news.

  9. According to the news item, Japans economic growth in the second quarter was ____ less than the first quarter.

  A. 0.6 percent B. 3.4 percent

  C. 4 percent D. 3 percent

  10. How many reasons does the news item cite for Japans slow economic growth?

  A. 2. B. 3. C. 4. D. 5.

  PART II READING COMPREHENSION (30 MIN)

  In this section there are four reading passages followed by a total of 20 multiple-choice questions. Read the passages and then mark the best answer to each question on ANSWER SHEET TWO.

  TEXT A

  I used to look at my closet and see clothes. These days, whenever I cast my eyes upon the stacks of shoes and hangers of shirts, sweaters and jackets, I see water.

  It takes 569 gallons to manufacture a T-shirt, from its start in the cotton fields to its appearance on store shelves. A pair of running shoes? 1,247 gallons.

  Until last fall, Id been oblivious to my "water footprint", which is defined as the total volume of freshwater that is used to produce goods and services, according to the Water Footprint Network. The Dutch nonprofit has been working to raise awareness of freshwater scarcity since 2008, but it was through the "Green Blue Book" by Thomas M. Kostigen that I was able to see how my own actions factored in.

  Ive installed gray-water systems to reuse the wastewater from my laundry, machine and bathtub and reroute it to my landscape - systems that save, on average, 50 gallons of water per day. Ive set up rain barrels and infiltration pits to collect thousands of gallons of storm water cascading from my roof. Ive even entered the last bastion of greendom -installing a composting toilet.

  Suffice to say, Ive been feeling pretty satisfied with myself for all the drinking water Ive saved with these big-ticket projects.

  Now I realize that my daily consumption choices could have an even larger effect –not only on the local water supply but also globally: 1.1 billion people have no access to freshwater, and, in the future, those who do have access will have less of it.

  To see how much virtual water 1 was using, I logged on to the "Green Blue Book" website and used its water footprint calculator, entering my daily consumption habits. Tallying up the water footprint of my breakfast, lunch, dinner and snacks, as well as my daily dose of over-the-counter uppers and downers - coffee, wine and beer- Im using 512 gallons of virtual water each day just to feed myself.

  In a word: alarming.

  Even more alarming was how much hidden water I was using to get dressed. Im hardly a clotheshorse, but the few new items I buy once again trumped the amount of water flowing from my faucets each day. If Im serious about saving water, I realized I could make some simple lifestyle shifts. Looking more closely at the areas in my life that use the most virtual water, it was food and clothes, specifically meat, coffee and, oddly, blue jeans and leather jackets.

  Being a motorcyclist, I own an unusually large amount of leather - boots and jackets in particular. All of it is enormously water intensive. It takes 7,996 gallons to make a leather.jacket, leather being a byproduct of beef. It takes 2,866 gallons of water to make a single pair of blue jeans, because theyre made from water-hogging cotton.

  Crunching the numbers for the amount of clothes I buy every year, it looks a lot like my friends swimming pool. My entire closet is borderline Olympic.

  Gulp.

  My late resolution is to buy some items used. Underwear and socks are, of course, exempt from this strategy, but 1 have no problem shopping less and also shopping at Goodwill. In fact, Id been doing that for the past year to save money. My clothes outrageous water footprint just reintbrced it for me.

  More conscious living and substitution, rather than sacrifice, are the prevailing ideas with the water footprint. Its one Im trying, and thats had an unusual upside. I had a hamburger recently, and I enjoyed it a lot more since it is now an occasional treat rather than a weekly habit.

  (One gallon =3.8 litres)

  11. According to the passage, the Water Footprint Network

  A. made the author aware of freshwater shortage.

  B. helped the author get to know the Green Blue Book.

  C. worked for freshwater conservation for nonprofit purposes.

  D. collaborated with the Green Blue Book in freshwater conservation.

  12. Which of the following reasons can best explain the authors feeling of self-satisfaction?

  A. He made contribution to drinking water conservation in his own way.

  B. Money spent on upgrading his household facilities was worthwhile.

  C. His house was equipped with advanced water-saving facilities.

  D. He could have made even greater contribution by changing his lifestyle.

  13. According to the context, "...how mv own actions factored in" means

  A. how I could contribute to water conservation.

  B. what efforts I should make to save fresh water.

  C. what behaviour could be counted as freshwater-saving.

  D. how much of what I did contributed to freshwater shortage.

  14. According to the passage, the author was more alarmed by the fact that

  A. he was having more meat and coffee.

  B. his clothes used even more virtual water.

  C. globally there will be less fresh water.

  D. his lifestyle was too extravagant.

  15. "My entire closet is borderline Olympic" is an example of

  A. exaggeration. B. analogy.

  C. understatement. D. euphemism.

  16. What is the tone of the author in the last paragraph?

  A. Sarcastic. B. Ironic. C. Critical. D. Humorous.

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