Part I DICTATION (15MIN)
Listen to the following passage.Altogether thepassage will be read to you four times.During thefirst reading,which will be done at normal speed,listenand try to understand the meaning.For the secondand third readings,the passage will be read sentence by sentence,or phrase by phrase,withintervals of 15 seconds.The last reading will be done at normal speed again and during this timeyou should check your work.You will then be given 2 minutes to check through your workonce more.Please write the whole passage on ANSWER SHEET ONE.Now, listen to the passage.
PART Ⅱ LISTENING COMPREHE (20 MIN)
In sections A, B and C you will hear everything ONCE ONLY. Listen carefully and thenanswer the questions that follow. Mark the correct answer to each question on youranswer sheet.
SECTION A CONVERSATIONS
In this section you will hear several conversations. Listen to the conversations carefullyand then answer the questions that follow.
Questions l to 3 are based on the following conversation.At the end of theconversation, you will be given 15 seconds to answer the questions.Now, listen to theconversation.
1. What are they mainly talking about in the conversation?
A. Transport. B. Customers. C. Relocation. D. Restaurants.
2. Which of the following is mentioned by Tim as a good reason for moving?
A. More office space. B. Convenient parking.
C. Fewer office workers. D. A near-by train station.
3. Why is Jane worried about winter in the new location?
A. It is much colder there. B. There are few activities.
C. There are no good restaurants. D. There is no cinema or theatre.
Questions 4 to 7 are based on the following conversation.At the end of theconversation，you will be given 20 seconds to answer the questions.Now, listen tothe conversation.
4. Miss Parkinson became interested in her own business _______.
A. before she worked for the media company B. when she was on holiday five years ago
C. after she went to therapists and classes D. after her friend recommended it to her
5. Why did she ask her teachers to teach her at home?
A. She was busier than before. B. It was more convenient.
C. She liked to exercise at home. D. She was given a promotion.
6. Which of the following is NOT true according to the conversation?
A. She recommended people to take classes. B. She was willing to pay more for classes athome.
C. She left her job immediately after her promotion. D. She regarded the business as apastime at first.
7. Why did she finally leave her job?
A. She got bored with her job. B. She saw an opportunity.
C. She needed the money. D. She was forced to leave.
Questions 8 to 10 are based on the following conversation.At the end of theconversation，you will be given 15 seconds to answer the questions.Now, listen tothe conversation.
8. Which of the following is NOT mentioned about the single-lens reflex?
A. Different lenses can be used. B. Focusing is easier.
C. You can see what you are taking. D. It is cheaper and lighter.
9. According to the shop assistant, the main difference between the two types of cameras liesin _______.
A. lens B. price C. weight D. size
10. It can be inferred from the conversation that the customer is more likely to buy _______in the end.
A. a single-lens camera B. nothing C. a rangefinder camera D. several lenses instead
SECTION B PASSAGES
In this section ,you will hear several passages. Listen to the passages carefully andthen answer the questions that follow.
Questions 11 to 13 are based on the following passage.At the end of the passage,you will be given 15 seconds to answer the questions.Now, listen to the passage.
11. Which of the following details about the front of the house is CORRECT?
A. The front is pink. B. The curtain is drawn.
C. No window can be seen. D. There are two doors.
12. What is to the immediate left side of the house?
A. A washing line. B. Another house.
C. A flat area. D. A chimney.
13. Where is the small town in the picture?
A. Between two hills. B. Further to the left of the house.
C. At the back of the house. D. At the side of a hill.
Questions 14 to 17 are based on the following passage.At the end of the passage,you will be given 20 seconds to answer the questions.Now, listen to the passage.
14. When did Ben first become interested in Mongolia?
A. When he grew up. B. When he learned Mongolian.
C. When he returned home. D. When he was nine years old.
15. Where did he spend most of his teenage years?
A. In Mongolia. B. In the Arab world.
C. In his hometown. D. In some other regions.
16. We learn from the passage that Ben _______ while doing his master’s degree.
A. became interested in classical Mongolian B. learned classical and modern Mongolian
C. gave up modern Mongolian D. mastered modern Mongolian
17. Which of the following details is NOT true according to the passage?
A. Ben wants to visit Mongolia when the weather is warm. B. Ben considers the travel expensereasonable.
C. The trip today is expensive considering inflation. D. Ben was unable to travel to Mongolia in1971.
Questions 18 to 20 are based on the following passage.At the end of the passage,you will be
given 15 seconds to answer the questions.Now, listen to the passage.
18. Which is the height of towers at Sky Greens vertical farm?
A. 9 meters. B. 20 meters.
C. 100 meters. D. 40 meters.
19. Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage?
A. The farm sells its vegetables to a local supermarket. B. The farm uses less water and energyto grow vegetables.
C. The farm causes less pollution in its production. D. The farm sells at the same price asimported produce
20. According to the passage, one particular advantage of the Sky Green is _______.
A. local climate B. local support
C. plan for expansion D. closeness to the city
SECTION C NEWS BROADCAST
In this section ,you will hear several news items.Listen to them carefully and then answer thequestions that follow.
Questions 21 and 22 are based OH the followingnews.At the end of the news item，you will be
given 10 seconds to answer the questions.Now listen to the news.
21. According to the passage, Turkish police were unsure about _______.
A. when the woman was killed B. the main cause of the death
C. the woman’s identity D. why she failed to return home
22. How many people had been detained by Turkish police?
A. 9. B. 19.
C.22. D. 33.
Questions 23 and 24 are based on the following news.At the end of the newsitem.you will be given 10 seconds to answer the questions.Now, listen to the news.
23. What is the situation now in Kidal according to the news?
A. Islamist militants are still in control of the town. B. French forces have entered the town.
C. French are going to land at the airport. D. Islamist militants are attacking the airport.
24. Why did the French launch the military operation?
A. To control Kidal airport. B. To protect the town.
C. To protect the capital Bamako. D. To fight against Islamist militants.
Questions 25 and 26 are based on the following news.At the end of the news item,you will be
given 10 seconds to answer the questions.Now, listen to the news.
25. Which of the following is TRUE about the immigration reform?
A. It was proposed by a group of senators. B. Mr Obama had carried out the reform.
C. Illegal immigrants would soon be given citizenship. D. The reform failed to improve thecurrent system.
26. According to Obama’s 2011 blueprint, how long would it take for illegal immigrants to gaincitizenship?
A. Eight years. B. Five years.
C. Thirteen years. D. Eleven years.
Questions 27 and 28 are based on the following news.At the end of the newsitem，you will be
given 10 seconds to answer the questions.Now, listen to the news.
27. What is Lorraine Melvill’s business?
A. Running a plastic surgery clinic. B. Arranging for surgery and safaris.
C. Providing consultancy to local people. D. Organizing trips to UK and American.
28. Which of the following statements is NOT true according to the news item?
A. Local African clients helped keep her business going. B. Her clients were unable to pay herthe money.
C. Her business was affected by the global financial crisis. D. She still had as many Europeanclients as before.
Questions 29 is based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will begiven 5 seconds to answer the question. Now, listen to the news.
29. What is the main idea of the news item?
A. Foreign investment in unstable regions. B. BP’s presence in North Africa.
C. Security concerns in risky countries. D. Protection for foreign oil workers.
Questions 30 is based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will begiven 5 seconds to answer the question. Now, listen to the news.30. What is the mainmessage of the news item?
A. London attracts shoppers from all over the world. B. Most people in Nigeria live in poverty.
C. Wealthier Nigerians become a big spender. D. People from the Middle East are the mostwealthy.
Part I DICTATION (15MIN)
Limiting the Growth of Technology
Throughout history man has changed his physicalenvironment to improve his way of life.With thetools of technology man has altered many physicalfeatures of the earth.He has transformed woodland into farmland.He has modified the face ofthe earth by cutting through mountains to build roads and railways.However,these changes inthe physical environment have not always had beneficial results.Today,pollution of the airand water is a danger to the health of the planet.Each day thousands of tons of gases comeout of vehicles.Smoke from factories pollutes the air of industrialized areas and the surroundingcountryside.The air in cities is becoming increasingly unhealthy.The pollution of water isequally harmful.In the sea pollution from oil is killing a lot of sea plants and fish.It is nownecessary for man to limit the growth of technology in order to survive on earth.
PART Ⅱ LISTENING COMPREHE (20 MIN)
SECTION A CONVERSATIONS
Questions 1 to 3 are based on the following conversation.
M: We have to move the company to a new office.
W: I think that's a great idea, Tim.
W: We should be in the centre of town.We'll be nearer to our customers.
M: Jane, I...
W: The transport is better...
M: Jane, I...
W: ... and there are lots of good restaurants.
M: Jane, I think we should move to the country.
M: For... against.For: cheaper rent,cheaper houses,cleaner air.It's quieter.There's not so muchnoise.And parking's easier.Do you agree that these are all good reasons for moving?
W: Yes, I agree.But let's talk about the things against moving.Number one.A long way fromsome clients.
M: Yes, but that's not a problem.
W: What about communications?
M: There's an airport near the new location as well as a motorway.And there are fast trains toeverywhere from there.
W: So communications are better than they are from here?
M: I think so.
W: But what do we do with our spare time?I know we can go for walks in the country.Perhapsgo horse-riding.But we can only do that in summer.What do we do in winter? When it's coldand wet.It's not like here in the city, is it?
M: I agree.But in the town over there---twenty minutes by car---there are cinemas,theatres,good restaurants and there's a jazz club.So, I think our company should move to thecountry.Do you agree?
W: I am afraid I don't.
Questions 4 to 7 are based on the following conversation.
M: So, Miss Parkinson,you organize fitness training and beauty treatments for workingwomen?
W: That's right, Mr. Cruise.
M: Could you tell me how you first got the idea for the business?
W: Certainly. I suppose it all started about 5 years ago.I was on holiday and had a very badskiing accident.I found that the only thing that helped the pain was massage and gentleexercise,like yoga or stretching exercises.So I used to go to therapists and classes after work.
M: Where did you work at that time?
W: In the training department of a media company.
M: I see.
W: But then I got a promotion to training manager.That meant I worked longer hours and wasdifficult to get to classes.I asked some of my teachers if they would come to my houseinstead,and most of them agreed.It was more expensive but I thought it was worth it.Lots ofmy friends loved the idea too.So I recommended people to them.That's when I began to realizethat maybe I could make a business out of it.
M: Did you give up your job then?
W: No, not immediately.The idea was too scary.I had a good job with a good salary,andstarting my own business seemed a bit risky.So I just did it at a hobby really.
M: So why did you leave your job in the end?
W: Well, the decision was made for me really.My company decided to relocate to a differenttown.They offered me the choice of relocating with themor quite a large sum of money if Ipreferred to leave.I know an opportunity when I see it.So I took the money!
M: Good for you.
Questions 8 to 10 are based on the following conversation.
M: Good afternoon, madam.
W: Good afternoon.I'd like to buy a camera.
M: We have all kinds of cameras here, madam.What sorts of camera are you thinking you arebuying?
W: Well, I don't know anything about cameras.But my friend tells me that 35-millimetercameras are the best.
M: Well, they are certainly the much popular.Would you like a rangefinder type or a single-lensreflex?
W: What's the difference?
M: With a single-lens reflex,you actually look through the lens when you're taking a photo.Soyou can see exactly what you are taking.
W: That seems a good idea.
M: Yes, focusing is easier, too.Try this one.It's a good mate.
W: Yes, I see what you mean.The image is very clear and bright.
M: That's right.Moreover,you can use a number of different lenses.Let me put a telephoto lenson for you to try.
W: My world! That's very good.I can see the people across the street as if they are inside theshop!
M: Being able to change the lens is very important,in my opinion.You can't do that with mostrangefinder cameras though they smaller and cheaper.
W: How much is this camera?
M: The list price is 5,000.But I can let you have it for 4,500.
W: That's far too much! Did you say that rangefinder cameras are cheaper?
M: Yes, they are much cheaper.
W: Good! Show me some, please.
SECTION B PASSAGES
Questions 11 to 13 are based on the following passage.
This is a picture.In the foreground there's a house built into the side of a bare hill.The house isactually cut out of the rock,and the front is painted white.There's a single window with a pinkcurtain across it and a wooden door.This rock house is clearly inhabited because in front of thehousethere is washing hanging on a washing line in what looks like the front yard.Then, abovethe painted front of the house,they've built a chimney.It's quite possible that at the back ofthis same hill there's another door---or the front of another house, perhaps.At the side of thehouse,to the left there's a flat area.They've got chairs there and one person appears to beserving food.They're wearing casual summer clothes.Further to the left is anotherchimney,which probably belongs to a different house.In the background of the picture,a longway from this particular bare hill,there's another hill.Then, in between there's a relatively flatplain,and then there's a small town.It looks like a town because there are a lot of whitehousesand each one is quite close to the next building.This must be a hot country because thesky is blue and there isn't much vegetation.I should think that rock houses are actually reallycool and pleasant to live in.
Questions 14 to 17 are based on the following passage.
Ben became interested in Mongolia early in life.When he was nine years old he read a bookabout Marco Polo,about how Marco Polo traveled with his uncles on the ultimate business triptothe Mongol Empire at its height.Marco Polo's trip lasted almost a quarter of a century,duringwhich he grew up,mastered Mongolian,gained the confidence of the Mongol emperor,and theneventually returned home with fantastic tales of strange lands and stranger people.The storyof Marco Polo fascinated Ben.Ben tried to save money from his first job deliveringnewspaperswith an eye toward a $3,000 trip to Mongolia.But in those days it would take himyears to have the money ready.So he continued to read about Mongolia in the meantimebutspent most of his teenage years in the Arab world,where he learned the language and becameinterested in journalism.He took courses in classical and modern Mongolianwhile studying for hismaster's degree and found it very difficult.But he still wants to visit Mongolia in the spring orsummer, he said."Mongolian winters,when temperatures drop to -30 °C are not for me."Theprice today with an upscale company is reasonable, Ben said,"compared to the $3,000 it wasback in 1971.Today the same trip is around $5,000,which though still a large sum,is, in terms ofinflation,a good bargain."
Questions 18 to 20 are based on the following passage.
Less than 20 miles from Singapore's skyscrapers is a completely different set of high-risetowers.Much smaller in scale but with a big ambition,over 100 nine-meter tall towers at SkyGreens vertical farmoffer a new vision of urban sustainability.Green vegetables like Chinesecabbage are grown,stacked in greenhouses,and sold at local supermarkets.The farm was built in2009 and since October this yearthe fully operating farm has been supplying one of city'ssupermarketswith weekly deliveries of its greens.The Sky Greens produce costs around 40%more than an imported equivalent.However, the small amount of energy and water needed togrow the vegetables,and the close proximity to the consumer,means that carbon dioxideemitted in production and transportation is kept to a minimum.The Sky Greens venture issupported by the Singaporean governmentand has another advantage over other urbanfarms around the world:abundant natural heating and light.Singapore has year-roundtemperatures of around 30 degrees Celsiusand the farm is set in an open area designated bythe government as an agro-technology park,miles away from the shadow of cityskyscrapers.And there are plans for the current site to expand to produce up to two tons ofgreensa week next year and build over 2,000 towers in the next few years.
SECTION C NEWS BROADCAST
News Item 1 (For Questions 21 and 22)
The family of Sarai Sierra, an American womanwhowent missing in Istanbul nearly two weeks ago,is inmourning after learning that Turkish police found herbody Saturday.Turkish police found the woman'sbody near ancient stone walls in Istanbul's Sarayburnu district.Police suspected she had beenkilled at another location.Police told CNN's sister network CNN Turkthat the body of the 33-year-old mother of two showed signs of stab wounds.However, the police chief ofIstanbul,Huseyin Capkin,said Sierra died from a blow to her head.Nine suspects had beendetained in connection with the woman's disappearance and death.Sierra's family and friendsfirst sounded the alarm last weekafter she did not arrive on a return flight from Istanbul onJanuary 22.
News Item 2 (For Questions 23 and 24)
French forces say they have entered Kidal in the north of Mali,the last major town they have yetto secure in their drive against Islamist militants.French forces now control Kidal airport after anumber of aircraft,including helicopters,landed there last night.Islamist militants were reportedto have already left the townand it was unclear who was in charge.France --- the formercolonial power in Mali--- launched a military operation this month after Islamistmilitantsappeared to be threatening the south.French army spokesman confirms that "Frenchtroops were deployed overnight in Kidal".One regional security source told the Press thatFrench aircraft had landed at Kidaland that protection helicopters are in the sky.Kidal, 930miles north-east of the capital Bamako,was until recently under the control of the Islamistmilitants.
News Item 3 (For Questions 25 and 26)
US President Barack Obama has said the time has comefor a review on the US immigrationsystem.He made his case at a high school in Las Vegas,Nevada, a day after a group of senatorsoutlined a framework for reform.The White House and senators envisage a path tocitizenshipfor many of an estimated 11 million undocumented immigrants in the US.He notedthat the current system was "out of date and badly broken".Mr Obama's case for animmigration reform reflects a blueprint he rolled out in 2011,though that did not go far.MrObama now backs the Senate plan including making illegal immigrants pay taxes and fines,andsending them to the back of the queue before they can become American citizens.His 2011blueprint also focused on a path to permanent residency and eventual citizenship.After eightyears,individuals would be allowed to become legal permanent residentsand would eventuallybecome citizens five years later,according to his 2011 blueprint.
News Item 4 (For Questions 27 and 28)
In a suburb in northern Johannesburg South Africa, Lorraine Melvillis running around trying toorganize hospital visits for her clients staying in her guest house.She started herbusiness,"Surgeon and Safari,"back in 2000 and since then she has had people from all over theworldcome to her to facilitate their cosmetic procedures,and perhaps go on safari too."Formost people in the first-world economies like the UK,and especially in America,their biggestdesire is to go on African safari," she explains,"and yet their greatest want in their life was tohave plastic surgery,so why not put the two together?" Like most companies,however,Surgeon and Safari was hit by the global financial crisis,particularly as a number of Melvill'sclients were borrowing money to afford their procedures.However, whilst the United States andeurozone economies may have languished,Melvill says that she has benefited from the growthof some African countries' economies."There is a huge emergence of local Africansthat choseto come to South Africa for elective surgery,whether it be breast reduction,tummy tucks," shesays.
News Item 5 (For Question 29)
The bloodshed at In Amenas has left the oil and gas industrystruggling to come to terms withwhat it might mean for investment in risky countries.Bob Dudley,BP's chief executivesays thecompany is "reviewing security" at its other facilities in the region and around the world.Theattack is the worst tragedy of its kind in living memorydespite the energy industry's presencein many unstable regions.BP has "never experienced an attack on this scale before",MrDudley says.Security remains a top priority in countries such as Iraq,where there have beeninstances of workers being kidnapped.The perception of risk for foreign oil workers and theirfamilies in North Africa,has soared.
News Item 6 (For Question 30)
Shopping is a serious business in London whatever the season--- but it doesn't get much moreserious than this time of year.The UK's capital January sales sees throngs of dedicatedshopaholicscram its countless department stores,quirky boutiques and market stalls,keen toget their hands on the latest fashion trends and product offers.But it's not just domesticspending that's keeping the tills ringing in London.While the vibrant city's high-end stores areno strangers to overseas visitors,with those from the Middle East typically spending the most,asurprising new contender has emerged in recent times as a big spenderin the internationalmarket --- Nigeria.Nigeria's economic growth has averaged about 7.4% annually over the pastdecade,creating a wealthier Nigerian elite with a large spending power.At the sametime,however, robust economic growth has not reduced poverty in the country,with about twothirds of its population living on less than $1 per day.
来源 : 新东方在线 2019-06-03 17:41:15 关键字 : 2018年英语专业四级真题
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来源 : 网络 2019-06-03 16:39:43 关键字 : 2011年专四真题及答案
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