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2019英语专八听力mini lecture全真模拟训练MP3附文本(一)

2019-02-03 09:36:09来源:网络

2019英语专八听力mini lecture全真模拟训练MP3附文本(一)

  2019专八考试临近,寒假期间专八考生们也别松懈了对专八听力的训练,新东方在线专八频道整理了2019英语专八听力mini lecture全真模拟训练MP3附文本,希望大家认真复习。

2019英语专八听力mini lecture全真模拟训练MP3附文本汇总

 

  [al:英语专业八级听力填空]

  [00:10.12]TEST FOR ENGLISH MAJORS--GRADE EIGHT

  [00:13.51]Section A MINI-LECTURE

  [00:16.97]In this section you will hear a mini-lecture.

  [00:20.29]You will hear the mini-lecture ONCE ONLY.

  [00:23.73]While listening to the mini-lecture,

  [00:25.82]please complete the gap-filling task on ANSWER SHEET ONE

  [00:30.29]and write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each gap.

  [00:34.70]Make sure the word(s) you fill in is (are) both grammatically

  [00:39.23]and semantically acceptable.

  [00:41.85]You may use the blank sheet for note-taking.

  [00:45.67]You have THIRTY seconds to preview the gap-filling task.

  [01:19.89]Now, listen to the mini-lecture.

  [01:22.30]When it is over, you will be given THREE minutes

  [01:25.05]to check your work.

  [01:27.25]Differences Between Chinese Cultures and American Cultures

  [01:32.28]Good morning, everyone.

  [01:34.29]Today we are going to talk about the major differences

  [01:37.66]between Chinese cultures and American cultures.

  [01:41.58]China is one of those interesting cultures

  [01:44.32]mainly because what we usually know about the country is

  [01:48.57]through movies or local Chinese restaurants.

  [01:52.43]What I've learned over the years is

  [01:54.61]that this kind of knowledge is usually useless.

  [01:58.77]So, being an American

  [02:01.07]what do I see as the 8 biggest cultural differences between the two countries?

  [02:08.39]Before I actually dive into the differences,

  [02:11.91]I just want you to know

  [02:13.90]that these differences do not make either culture better or worse than the other one.

  [02:20.13]It just shows their differences which have been created

  [02:24.10]through centuries of history and development.

  [02:27.99]China can trace their traditions and customs for thousands of years.

  [02:33.06]America is still a small baby of a nation

  [02:36.95]that has had very few traditions of its own

  [02:40.18]but has become such a melting pot of cultures

  [02:43.68]that there is almost no specific American culture

  [02:47.35]that can be said to be applied across the board.

  [02:51.08]This makes both cultures unique and worthy of study and respect.

  [02:56.69]With this in mind, let's begin with the 8 biggest differences.

  [03:02.84]1. Social Structure.

  [03:05.88]In China the social structure is formal and hierarchical.

  [03:10.84]You know where you fit in the structure and you abide by the rules there.

  [03:15.75]There is no crossing into other areas.

  [03:19.15]In America, it is much more loose and informal.

  [03:23.50]It is not uncommon to see

  [03:25.05]those of various social levels socializing and knowing each other.

  [03:30.11]There are very few lines that socially are not allowed to be crossed.

  [03:35.49]This can cause problems in business relationships

  [03:38.71]if the visiting culture is unaware of it.

  [03:42.68]2. Confrontation/Conflict.

  [03:47.18]If you are planning on conducting business in China

  [03:50.44]or expecting an extended stay,

  [03:52.84]it might be useful to know

  [03:54.70]that the direct way that most Americans approach issues

  [03:58.32]is not the way to go in China.

  [04:01.54]Direct conflict or confrontation over issues is highly frowned upon.

  [04:08.23]Doesn't matter that the "truth" needs to be spoken,

  [04:11.96]respect and honour to each person replace that.

  [04:16.20]To prove a point and show yourself in the right even over business issues

  [04:21.50]is considered shameful and should be avoided.

  [04:25.66]3. Self.

  [04:28.29]The Chinese looks more at the group collectivism than at individualism.

  [04:34.07]America has become known for its push of individualism

  [04:38.17]which has been a source of conflict with other cultures that look collectively.

  [04:44.07]A person from China is more prone to look at

  [04:47.62]how their acts affect the whole instead of how it affects them personally.

  [04:53.62]They are more willing to give up and sacrifice for the greater good.

  [04:58.39]America's individualism has been its backbone

  [05:01.93]and the reason for its success as a world power,

  [05:05.33]but when visiting China it needs to be reined in.

  [05:10.54]4. Face and Reputation.

  [05:14.79]Reputation of the individual is very important in China.

  [05:19.75]If an action will humiliate someone or ruin a reputation, it is avoided.

  [05:26.66]When shame occurs,

  [05:28.22]the person sacrifices his job or whatever it is that will heal the shame.

  [05:34.87]In America, reputations come and go overnight

  [05:39.29]and in the end usually does not matter.

  [05:42.56]The end result is more of the focus.

  [05:46.02]A person is more likely to overlook a reputation to get the job done.

  [05:52.82]5. Business Relations.

  [05:56.67]When doing business in China, be prepared for much socializing.

  [06:02.33]Business becomes secondary as the parties get to know each better.

  [06:07.92]If it delays a contract, that is perfectly acceptable

  [06:11.97]as long as the correct social time is allotted for.

  [06:16.32]In America, business associates are usually more aloof.

  [06:21.82]There might be some social gathering

  [06:24.13]but the business is more important

  [06:26.79]and the socializing will be sacrificed to get the job done if needed.

  [06:31.92]Though there seems to be shift in America regarding this.

  [06:35.92]The recognition of networking is becoming more pronounced.

  [06:41.54]6. Morals.

  [06:44.70]Chinese society places high values on the morals of their people.

  [06:50.14]Marriage is not encouraged until the late twenties.

  [06:53.99]In fact, dating is discouraged early in a young adult's life

  [06:58.61]and proprieties are expected to be held up.

  [07:02.42]The American culture is much more relaxed

  [07:05.63]and some could even argue that there needs to be more morality emphasized.

  [07:12.50]7. Humility.

  [07:15.29]Humility is a revered virtue in Chinese culture.

  [07:19.70]The success of one's business or personal life is downplayed

  [07:24.29]while in America the successes are lauded.

  [07:28.23]Most Americans in the fast business world consider humility a sign of weakness.

  [07:35.22]This can be an issue that hurts inter-cultural relations.

  [07:39.89]Be very sensitive to comments and actions in the presence of another culture.

  [07:46.08]8. Time Sensitivity.

  [07:49.44]Crossing cultures for business can be frustrating

  [07:52.57]when it interferes with getting the job done.

  [07:56.09]Most Americans are very time sensitive when it comes to meetings and deadlines.

  [08:02.43]If the meeting was to commence at 2:00,

  [08:05.90]then all parties are to be present at that time.

  [08:09.83]The Chinese do not view time as an absolute but more as a suggestion.

  [08:15.80]Concern is not expressed for a meeting starting late or ending at a different time.

  [08:22.21]The same can be applied to deadlines.

  [08:25.07]If a report is due on Friday,

  [08:27.52]an American would be waiting for that report to be received

  [08:30.97]before end of business day.

  [08:33.63]The Chinese would not worry if it showed up several days later.

  [08:38.64]Ok, today, we've taken a brief look at the 8 major differences

  [08:44.28]between the Chinese cultures and the American cultures,

  [08:48.12]which are permeated in the socio-economical aspects of the life.

  [08:53.45]In the next lecture, we will do a case study

  [08:56.39]on the cultural shock experienced by an American in China.

  [09:02.50]Now you have THREE minutes to check your work.

  [12:06.88]This is the end of Section A MINI-LECTURE.

2020英语专四、英语专八,实力好课助你顺利过级!
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