关注微信领¥50

百门课程¥0元


80万+已关注

2019英语专八听力mini lecture全真模拟训练MP3附文本(三十)

2019-03-07 10:58:23来源:网络

2019英语专八听力mini lecture全真模拟训练MP3附文本(三十)

  2019专八考试临近,寒假期间专八考生们也别松懈了对专八听力的训练,新东方在线专八频道整理了2019英语专八听力mini lecture全真模拟训练MP3附文本,希望大家认真复习。

2019英语专八听力mini lecture全真模拟训练MP3附文本汇总


  [00:10.12]TEST FOR ENGLISH MAJORS--GRADE EIGHT

  [00:13.51]Section A MINI-LECTURE

  [00:16.97]In this section you will hear a mini-lecture.

  [00:20.29]You will hear the mini-lecture ONCE ONLY.

  [00:23.73]While listening to the mini-lecture,

  [00:25.82]please complete the gap-filling task on ANSWER SHEET ONE

  [00:30.29]and write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each gap.

  [00:34.70]Make sure the word(s) you fill in is (are) both grammatically

  [00:39.23]and semantically acceptable.

  [00:41.85]You may use the blank sheet for note-taking.

  [00:45.67]You have THIRTY seconds to preview the gap-filling task.

  [01:19.89]Now, listen to the mini-lecture.

  [01:22.30]When it is over, you will be given THREE minutes

  [01:25.05]to check your work.

  [01:27.38]Baby Body Language

  [01:29.81]Good morning, everyone. Welcome to our lecture "series of body language".

  [01:35.41]Today we are going to talk about baby body language.

  [01:39.47]Baby body language is simple to interpret if you know how.

  [01:44.28]Researchers and experts have come up with a helpful guide

  [01:48.47]to common baby body language and what it means.

  [01:52.28]Today, we are going to take a snapshot of some very common baby body languages.

  [01:58.75]First, fist in mouth. In baby body language this means one of three things.

  [02:05.97]Either the baby is hungry, teething or just wants something to suck on.

  [02:11.50]We can easily tell the difference.

  [02:13.68]If the baby is less than three months old, teething can be ruled out.

  [02:18.86]If the baby has just eaten and clearly had enough, rule out hungry.

  [02:24.06]If it's been a couple hours since the last feeding

  [02:26.80]and the baby is chewing on their fist and crying or whimpering,

  [02:30.65]it may be time to feed more or more often.

  [02:34.39]Next, lip smacking or puckering. This is almost always an indication of hunger.

  [02:41.61]Baby body language mimicking the motions of eating tells us what's on baby's mind.

  [02:47.46]This is especially true if baby starts fussing and fidgeting,

  [02:52.20]then increases to a full on wail.

  [02:55.20]It can, however, indicate the need for something to suck on.

  [02:59.56]Babies have an inherent need to suckle,

  [03:02.39]sometimes more than is required to eat their food.

  [03:06.00]Some babies respond well to a pacifier. Now a word about the pacifier.

  [03:12.22]The pacifier is a controversial subject.

  [03:15.27]When baby body language signifies a need for something to suck on,

  [03:20.51]new parents may be picturing four year olds they have seen with pacifiers.

  [03:26.24]In most cases babies no longer need a pacifier past the age of six months.

  [03:32.09]In fact there will come a time

  [03:34.40]when baby will use body language to spit the pacifier out.

  [03:39.57]This is the time to stop offering it. When this is done there is usually no problem.

  [03:45.86]I find that sometimes the parents are the cause for pacifier addiction

  [03:50.40]because they continue to offer it when it's no longer needed.

  [03:54.44]Thirdly, about crying. A crying baby indicates hunger, pain, discomfort or illness.

  [04:02.41]If your baby is screaming at the top of their lungs with clenched fists

  [04:06.45]and shows no indication of stopping, they are either hungry or in pain.

  [04:11.18]On the other hand, there are times when a baby will get themselves upset

  [04:15.47]and just cry for hours with no reason evident.

  [04:18.65]New parents will quickly learn the different sounds

  [04:21.88]made by their baby to express different needs.

  [04:25.68]How will they know in the meantime?

  [04:27.86]When baby body language presents itself with crying, first check normal problems.

  [04:33.83]If it's been a while since the last feeding, offer milk.

  [04:37.76]Check to see if the diaper needs changing or the baby has a rash.

  [04:42.06]Try burping the baby by gently rubbing its back.

  [04:46.10]Check for fever or other signs of illness. Never bounce or shake the baby.

  [04:52.33]Bouncing and shaking can cause injury

  [04:54.94]and also give the baby a feeling of insecurity which will only make them cry louder.

  [05:01.42]Use a calm gentle swaying motion

  [05:03.97]while holding the baby securely and close to the heart.

  [05:08.14]Fourthly, flailing of arms and legs.

  [05:11.25]Baby is wiggling, crying and trembling with arms and legs

  [05:15.41]moving about and fists tightly clenched.

  [05:19.02]Baby body language tells us the baby feels insecure.

  [05:23.31]Baby is used to being in the womb where he is held tight and secure.

  [05:27.85]This is especially true of newborn baby body language.

  [05:32.27]Try wrapping baby securely in a blanket and holding them close.

  [05:36.87]Leave room to breathe but keep arms and legs restricted.

  [05:40.98]If baby continues to cry, there may be another issue.

  [05:44.96]New parents shouldn't worry about spoiling the baby by picking him up.

  [05:49.57]Babies and children need love and comfort

  [05:52.24]to survive and develop a healthy mental state.

  [05:56.66]Fifthly, legs drawn up and face contorted.

  [06:00.83]This baby body language indicates gas, bloating and constipation.

  [06:06.43]This is especially true when baby is crying and squirming.

  [06:10.72]New parents should think about the pain you have when you experience these things.

  [06:16.14]It's the same for baby. There are several techniques to help baby with this.

  [06:20.87]Burping is one. Another technique is to gently hold baby's feet

  [06:25.66]and push knees toward stomach repeatedly.

  [06:29.02]This may relieve gas pressure. Gently rubbing the tummy may help too.

  [06:34.37]If this problem happens often, new parents may want to consult their doctor.

  [06:39.72]Baby could have a more serious problem such as lactose intolerance.

  [06:45.38]Next, about pulling on ears.

  [06:48.25]This baby body language presents itself with ear pulling

  [06:51.86]accompanied by crying or whimpering.

  [06:55.15]Baby may have a fever or be fussy.

  [06:58.33]Sometimes baby will sleep more, but take longer to go to sleep.

  [07:02.81]Baby body language may be inexpressive or seem lethargic.

  [07:07.60]We should be aware these are symptoms

  [07:09.90]that baby may have an ear infection or other illness.

  [07:14.69]Now, about biting or gumming.

  [07:17.49]New parents should know this baby body language means baby is teething.

  [07:23.74]Biting and gumming everything they can is baby body language for, "My teeth hurt".

  [07:30.21]Teething is often accompanied by drooling.

  [07:33.76]Some babies run a low grade fever when teething as well.

  [07:38.17]We can give baby a cold, clean washcloth to suck and chew on for teething pain.

  [07:45.33]There are special teething lotions to rub on the gums as well.

  [07:49.56]Be sure to use one intended for infants.

  [07:52.55]Ask your doctor what fever reducer they recommend for infants.

  [07:58.96]Finally, about eye rubbing.

  [08:01.57]Naturally this baby body language may be a sign that baby has something in his eye.

  [08:06.92]More commonly, this signifies fatigue.

  [08:10.34]New parents can recognize a tired baby by the way he cries as well.

  [08:15.94]If baby seems out of breath between yells, this is a sign of fatigue.

  [08:21.05]Just like grownups, babies yawn when they run out of oxygen and are tired.

  [08:26.09]New parents may also notice the common baby body language of eyelids drooping

  [08:31.38]or opening and closing when baby is tired.

  [08:34.74]OK. I have outlined eight baby body languages for you.

  [08:39.03]You know, many of the body language experts

  [08:42.45]study the development of baby behaviors and examine the patterns they change

  [08:48.05]as the babies mature into adulthood.

  [08:51.10]In our next lecture, we shall talk about this evolution of body languages.

  [08:57.70]Now you have THREE minutes to check your work.

  [12:01.66]This is the end of Section A MINI-LECTURE.

2020英语专四、英语专八,实力好课助你顺利过级!
  • 2020英语专业八级VIP签约班【直播+录播】

    2020英语专业八级VIP签约班【直播+录播】

    高效提分,不过级签约免费重读!

    课时:115

    查看详情
  • 2020英语专业八级全程班

    2020英语专业八级全程班

    实力师资,技巧点拨,助力通关!

    课时:94

    查看详情
  • 2020英语专业四级VIP签约班【直播+录播】

    2020英语专业四级VIP签约班【直播+录播】

    硬核师资,三大提分服务,不过免费重读

    课时:96

    查看详情
  • 2020英语专业四级全程班

    2020英语专业四级全程班

    实力师资助你全面提升听、读、写、顺利过级

    课时:77

    查看详情
更多>>
更多课程>>
更多>>
更多内容
更多>>
更多好课>>
更多>>
更多课程>>