2019专八作文押题及范文:专才VS通才

2019-03-22 17:08:57来源:网络

2019专八作文押题及范文:专才VS通才

  范文仅供参考:

  【1】It is universally acknowledged that an individual has to make a wise option between being a specialist or a generalist for his career. 可以抄写一句或同义替换题目指令In this era of rapid social and technological change leading to increasing life complexity and psychological displacement, both positive and negative effects among men and women in Western society call for a balance in which there are both specialists and generalists.

  【2】Specialists are necessary in order to allow society as a whole to properly and usefully assimilate the masses of new information and knowledge that have come out of research and have been widely disseminated through mass global media. It is only because of each of the narrowly focused individuals at each step that a full and true understanding of the complexities of life can be had. Each individual can only hold enough knowledge to add one small rung to the ladder, but together we can climb to the moon. Thus, our societies’ level of knowledge and technology is at a stage in which there simply must be specialists in order for our society to take advantage of the information available to us.

  【3】On the other hand, over-specialization means narrow foci in which people can lose the larger picture. No one can hope to understand the human body by only inspecting one's own toe-nails. What we learn from a narrow focus may be internally logically coherent but may be irrelevant or fallacious within the framework of a broader perspective. Furthermore, if we inspect only our toe-nails, we may conclude that the whole body is hard and white. Useful conclusions and inventions must come by sharing among specialists. Simply throwing out various discoveries means we have a pile of useless discoveries. It is only when one can make with them a mosaic that we can see that they may form a picture.

  【4】To conclude, without generalists, society becomes inward-looking and eventually inefficient. Without a society that recognizes the importance of broad-mindedness and for sharing generalities, individuals become isolated. Thus, while our form of society necessitates specialists, generalists are equally important. Specialists drive us forward in a series of thrusts while generalists make sure we are still on the jousting骑马斗长矛;竞技赛场 field and know what the stakes利害关系 are.

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