2019英语专四阅读理解技巧:正确识别题目种类

2019-03-25 16:11:04来源:网络

2019英语专四阅读理解技巧:正确识别题目种类

  英语专业四级考试的阅读理解题目主要有主旨题、细节题(或事实题)、推断题等。不同的题目有不同的答题方法,因此正确的判断题目的类型非常重要。以下是几组主要的题型:

主旨题

  主旨题主要是来测试考生对文章整体大意的理解,这类题目一般以下列形式出现:

  What does the passage mainly discuss?

  The main point of the passage is to ...

  The purpose of this passage is to ...

  The author’s purpose in writing this passage is ...

  Which of the following statements best expresses the main idea of the passage? 

  The principal idea of the article is ...

  The best title for this passage is ...

  The passage is mainly concerned with ...

  The passage mainly concerns ...

  The main theme of this passage is ...

  The general idea of the passage is about ... 

  细节题(事实题)

  此类题目是为了测试考生把握文章细节描写的能力。这类试题主要以下列形式出现:

  Which of the following is NOT true of ...

  Which of the following statements is true of...

  Which of the following is best supported by the passage?

  The author states all the following EXCEPT...

  推断题

  对于考生来说,推断题是比较难的一类题。因为它是测试考生对作者在文中隐含意义的理解能力。这类题目主要以下列形式出现:

  It can be inferred from the passage that ...

  The author implies that ...

  The passage suggests that ...

  Which of the following statements about ...can be inferred from the passage? 

  The author seems to indicate that ...

  We can conclude from the passage that... 

  态度/语气题

  这类题目也较难。此类题目主要是测试考生把握作者情感的能力。但是这类题在近几年的考试中已经越来越少。这类题目主要有以下几种形式:

  The author is ______ about ...

  The author’s attitude toward the problem can best be described as ...

  The author’s attitude towards ... is...

  除了以上几种主要的题目类型外,还有情景转移题、文章写作技巧题、词汇题等,这些

  类型的题目总的来说出现频率不高,故此处不再赘述。

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