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2019英语专四语言知识模拟练习题附答案(八)

2019-04-12 11:25:33来源:网络

2019英语专四语言知识模拟练习题附答案(八)

  2019英语专四语言知识题型需要考生掌握并能正确运用基本语法和句法;掌握认知词汇(5500-6000),并且能正确、熟练地运用其中的3000-4000个单词及其最基本的搭配;考试时间10分钟,测试形式为多项选择题,共20道题,每题有四个选项。题目中约50%为词汇、词组和短语用法题,其余为语法和句法题。临近2019专四考试,新东方在线专四频道为大家整理了2019英语专四语言知识模拟练习题附答案,希望大家认真练习,顺利通过英语专四考试。

2019英语专四语言知识模拟练习题附答案汇总

  1. Nowhere in nature is aluminum found free, owing to its always ____ with other elements, most commonly with oxygen.

  A. being combined B. having combined C. to combine D. combined

  2. Physics is the present day equivalent of ____ used to be called natural philosophy, from ____ most of present day science arose.

  A. which, what B. that, which C. what, which D. what, that

  3. On no account ____ ever leave the baby at home alone.

  A. should you B. you should C. shall you D. you shall

  4. ____the center of our planetary system was considered as heresy by the church in the Middle Ages.

  A. It is the sun and not the earth B. That the sun and not the earth

  C. Being the sun and not the earth D. The sun and not the earth

  5. The reason that his property was confiscated by the country, it ____, was that he was involved in a lot of fraudulent activities during the war.

  A. was turned out B. was being turned out C. being turned out D. turned out

  6. I’d rather you ____ by train because the weather forecast said there would be heavy snow tomorrow.

  A. went B. should go C. will go D. go

  7. Einstein won the Nobel Prize in 1921 and enjoyed great fame in Germany until the rise of Nazism ____ he was expelled from Germany because he was a Jew.

  A. when B. who C. then D. which

  8. Nowhere but in the remotest region of the country ____find a place to settle down.

  A. can he B. he can C. he D. for him to

  9. With one leg broken in that car accident, he cannot even walk, ____ run.

  A. let alone B. that’s to say C. not to speak D. not to mention

  10. ____, she led a life of complete seclusion.

  A. Being disgraced B. Disgraced C. Disgracing D. She was disgraced

  11. Sometimes a bus ____ gets on the bus to check the tickets.

  A. agent B. officer C. conductor D. inspector

  12. He made a quick ____ from his illness.

  A. relief B. recovery C. survival D. relaxation

  13. ____ the stress of examinations are over, we can all relax.

  A. While B. Even though C. Now that D. For

  14. My cousin Nancy is often in a poisonous mood; I suppose it’s because she is ____ child.

  A. one B. a lone C. a single D. an only

  15. ____ the factors already referred to, people sometimes feel insecure because their motives are misunderstood by others.

  A. But for B. Except for C. Apart from D. Except that

  16. If the scheme is ____ carried out without waste of time or energy I shall be completely satisfied.

  A. relatively B. noticeably C. appropriately D. efficiently

  17. One day we all may find it useful to have a(n) ____for sending documents, writing any pictures across the telephone lines.

  A. receiver B. echo C. extension D. facility

  18. To their credit the Department of Energy ____ these ideas and funded a detailed study.

  A. took over B. took on C. took up D. took to

  19. Feeling that she was in the right, she took ____ at the dirty remark.

  A. protection B. offense C. defense D. guard

  20. They agreed to share in common any ____ of funds after all expenses were paid in full.

  A. sufficiency B. surpass C. excess D. surplus

  试题答案与解析

  1. A) 【句意】 由于铝总是和其它元素结合在一起,最常见的是和氧气在一起,所以自然界中哪里也不会找到单独的铝元素。

  【难点】 owing to 是介词,后应接名词或动名词,根据题意,应接被动语态形式。

  2. C) 【句意】 当今的物理就是以前被称之为自然哲学的等同物,大多数现代科学都产生于自然哲学。

  【难点】 what used to be called作定语,修饰natural philosophy,from which引导一个非限制性定语从句。

  3. A) 【句意】 你决不应该把小孩一个人放在家里。

  【难点】 on no account 意为“决不”属否定意义的词,引导倒装句,所以只有A)项正确。

  4. B) 【句意】 太阳系的中心是太阳而不是地球这一事实被中世纪的教会认为是异端邪说。

  【难点】 That引导主语从句,全句的谓语是was considered.

  5. D) 【句意】 后来证明他的财产被国家没收的原因是,战争期间他参与了诈骗活动。

  【难点】 it turned out (to be)这里作插入语,意为“证明是…”。

  6. A) 【句意】 我宁愿你乘火车去,因为天气预报说明天将有大雪。

  【难点】 would rather 后接虚拟语气的从句,用一般过去时。

  7. A) 【句意】 爱因斯坦于1921年获诺贝尔奖金,在德国享有盛誉。后来随着纳粹主义的兴起,他被逐出德国,因为他是个犹太人。

  【难点】 关系副词when引导的定语从句修饰名词词组the rise of Nazism。

  8. A) 【句意】 他只能在最遥远的地方找个安身之处。

  【难点】 Nowhere是否定副词,位于句首引导倒装句。

  9. A) 【句意】 在车祸中,他的一条腿骨折,他连走路都不行,更不用说跑了。

  【难点】 let alone意为“更不必说”;not to mention意为“再加上”;that is to say意为“也就是说”。

  10. B) 【句意】 失宠后,她过着完全隐居的生活。

  【难点】 disgraced在这里是过去分词作状语,表示伴随状态。

  11. C) 【句意】 有时,公共汽车检票员上车查票。

  【难点】 bus conductor意为“公共汽车售票员”;agent意为“代理人,中介人”;officer意为“军官,官员”;inspector意为“检查员,视察员”。

  12. B) 【句意】 他很快恢复了健康。

  【难点】 recovery意为“恢复,复苏”后接介词from;relief意为“宽慰,安心”;relaxation意为“放松”;survival意为“生存”。

  13. C) 【句意】 既然考试的紧张已经过去,我们现在可以放松了。

  【难点】 now that意为“既然;由于”,用于新的事情的发生,接一般现在时的句子。while意为“虽然”;even though意为“即使”,for意为“因为”,不能用于句首。

  14. D) 【句意】 我表妹南希的情绪经常很糟,我想这是因为她是独生子的缘故。

  【难点】 表示“独生子”的时候,只能说an only child。

  15. C) 【句意】 除了已经提及的因素外,有时人们感到不安全是因为他们的动机被他人误解。

  【难点】 apart from是包含在内的“除了”;excepr for和except that是不包含在内的除了;but for意为“要不是”。

  16. D) 【句意】 如果计划能在不浪费时间和精力的情况下得到有效实施,我将十分满意。

  【难点】 efficiently意为“有效地”;relatively意为“相对地”;not iceably意为“显而易见地”;appropriately意为“恰当地”。

  17. D) 【句意】 有朝一日我们会发现,拥有一个能通过电话线发送信息、绘制图片的设备是非常有用的。

  【难点】 facility意为“设备”;receiver意为“电话听筒”;echo意为“回声;回音”;extension意为“分机”。

  18. C) 【句意】 令他们感到光荣的是,能源部采纳了这些想法并为一个详细的研究报告作了资助。

  【难点】 take up意为“采纳(观点)”;take over意为“接收,接管,占据”;take on 意为“承担”;take to意为“喜欢上”。

  19. B) 【句意】 她觉得自己有理,因此,她对这样肮脏的话语十分恼怒。

  【难点】 take offence意为“对…生气”;protection意为“保护”;defense意为“防卫”;guard意为“看守;警戒”。

  20. D) 【句意】 他们同意在全部费用支出后共享剩余的资金。

  【难点】 surplus意为“剩余,剩余额”;sufficiency意为“足量,充足”;surpass是动词,不适合本句;excess意为“超过”。

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