再和大家强调一下：2019英语专四听力理解Section A: Talk本部分由一个500个单词的微型讲座(mini-lecture)和一项填空任务组成。要求学生边听边做笔记，然后完成填空任务。考试时间10分钟。本部分共10道填空题。
[00:01.45]SECTION A TALK
[00:04.00]In this section you will hear a talk.
[00:07.30]You will hear the talk ONCE ONLY.
[00:11.65]you may look at ANSWER SHEET ONE
[00:13.80]and write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each gap.
[00:18.35]Make sure the word(s) you fill in
[00:21.71]is (are) both grammatically and semantically acceptable.
[00:27.06]You may use the blank sheet for note-taking.
[00:30.71]You have THIRTY seconds to preview the gap-filling task.
[01:06.56]Now listen to the talk.
[01:08.66]When it is over, you will be given
[01:10.66]TWO minutes to complete your work.
[01:14.65]Mastering the Art of Conversation
[01:18.18]Good morning, guys.
[01:19.48]Today's topic is a practical one:
[01:21.58]how to master the art of conversation?
[01:24.28]Some of us are naturally outgoing,
[01:26.38]and it's part of our personality;
[01:28.23]for others, it is simply painful
[01:30.42]and struggling to keep a conversation going on.
[01:33.68]Actually, making and promoting conversations
[01:37.05]is a skill that could be learned through practice.
[01:39.95]Here are some useful tips to start with.
[01:42.60]First, make eye contact.
[01:44.95]If you're in a social situation,
[01:46.90]such as at a party,
[01:48.26]try to make eye contact with the other people.
[01:51.01]Once you've established eye contact,
[01:53.36]give the other person a friendly, smiling look.
[01:56.86]If the other person holds your gaze,
[01:59.31]go over to them. Double points if they smile back!
[02:03.47]If they don't respond, let them go their way.
[02:06.67]There's a difference between being "outgoing" and "pushy."
[02:10.17]You don't want to force interaction on someone
[02:12.66]who isn't interested.
[02:15.08]This approach doesn't work well in situations
[02:17.79]where others do not commonly expect to be approached,
[02:21.04]such as while riding public transit.
[02:23.69]Part of being outgoing is knowing
[02:25.57]when and where to approach others
[02:27.67]and when to keep to yourself.
[02:29.82]Second, ask open-ended questions.
[02:32.62]One way to be more outgoing in your conversations
[02:35.28]with others is to ask them open-ended questions.
[02:38.68]These questions invite others to respond
[02:41.18]with more than a "yes" or "no."
[02:43.70]It's easier to start up a chat with someone new
[02:46.60]if you encourage them to share about themselves.
[02:49.55]If you've already exchanged eye contact
[02:52.00]and smiles with someone,
[02:53.65]and you're close by, start off with a question.
[02:56.66]Here are some ideas:
[02:58.51]How do you like that book or magazine?
[03:01.51]What is your favorite thing to do around here?
[03:04.06]Where did you find that awesome t-shirt?
[03:07.11]Third, search for a commonality.
[03:10.37]First conversations between people are all about
[03:13.07]what the two parties mesh on.
[03:15.37]In order to find out what you can talk about,
[03:18.23]you have to probe for things you have in common.
[03:21.03]If you work together or have mutual friends
[03:23.73]or have anything that links you together, problem solved.
[03:28.08]Talking about the boss or your friend Susan
[03:30.58]or that cooking class
[03:31.63]will open up further topics of discussion.
[03:34.58]If this person is a stranger,
[03:36.48]you could start with the scenario.
[03:38.78]For example, if you're in a book store,
[03:41.38]you could ask the other person
[03:42.76]for a favorite reading recommendation.
[03:45.11]If you're both stuck in a long line,
[03:47.41]you could make a joke about it.
[03:49.17]Offer a compliment, but be careful to avoid things
[03:52.52]that sound judgmental.
[03:54.22]For example, you could say you love the person's haircut
[03:57.62]and then ask where she/he got it done.
[04:00.97]Or you could say that you've been looking for a pair of sneakers
[04:03.92]like the ones the other person's wearing forever,
[04:06.57]and ask where she/he got them.
[04:09.42]Avoid things that are likely to seem offensive,
[04:12.82]such as comments on the person's size,
[04:14.97]skin color, or physical attractiveness.
[04:17.72]Feel free to try as hard as you want
[04:20.20]and enjoy becoming talkative and outgoing.
[04:22.95]However, always keep in mind
[04:24.70]that there is definitely nothing wrong
[04:26.75]with being an introvert and being shy.
[04:30.59]Now you have two minutes to complete your work.
[06:34.72]This is the end of Section A TALK.