2019英语专四听力talk全真模拟题MP3附文本(三)

2019-04-16 13:29:50来源:网络

2019英语专四听力talk全真模拟题MP3附文本(三)

  2019英语专四考试时间为4月20日,考前冲刺阶段,专四听力考试占比30%,考生们应该着重复习,新东方在线英语专四频道在考前为大家整理了十篇2019英语专四听力talk全真模拟题MP3附文本,希望大家认真练习。

  再和大家强调一下:2019英语专四听力理解Section A: Talk本部分由一个500个单词的微型讲座(mini-lecture)和一项填空任务组成。要求学生边听边做笔记,然后完成填空任务。考试时间10分钟。本部分共10道填空题。

2019英语专四听力talk十套全真模拟题MP3附文本

 

  [00:01.44]SECTION A TALK

  [00:03.99]In this section you will hear a talk.

  [00:07.09]You will hear the talk ONCE ONLY.

  [00:10.10]While listening,

  [00:11.55]you may look at ANSWER SHEET ONE

  [00:13.80]and write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each gap.

  [00:18.35]Make sure the word(s) you fill in

  [00:21.72]is (are) both grammatically and semantically acceptable.

  [00:27.07]You may use the blank sheet for note-taking.

  [00:30.92]You have THIRTY seconds to preview the gap-filling task.

  [01:06.49]Now listen to the talk.

  [01:08.34]When it is over, you will be given

  [01:10.58]TWO minutes to complete your work.

  [01:14.53]Apologize Effectively

  [01:17.35]An apology is an expression of remorse for something

  [01:20.42]you've done wrong, and serves as a way

  [01:22.46]to repair a relationship after that wrongdoing.

  [01:26.01]Forgiveness occurs when the person

  [01:27.91]who was hurt is motivated to repair the relationship

  [01:31.16]with the person who inflicted the hurt.

  [01:33.56]An effective apology will communicate three things:

  [01:37.51]regret, responsibility, and communication.

  [01:41.16]Apologizing for a mistake might seem difficult,

  [01:44.31]but it will help you repair

  [01:46.01]and improve your relationships with others.

  [01:48.96]First of all, you need to demonstrate your regret.

  [01:52.27]Admit that you have realized that you were wrong

  [01:54.68]and you are now regretful.

  [01:56.68]Remember: always avoid justifying your actions.

  [02:00.24]It's natural to want to justify your actions

  [02:02.82]when explaining them to another person.

  [02:05.21]However, presenting justifications

  [02:07.40]will often obscure the meaning of an apology,

  [02:10.46]because the other person

  [02:12.01]may perceive the apology as insincere.

  [02:15.16]Justifications may include claims that the person

  [02:18.56]you hurt misunderstood you,

  [02:20.41]such as "you took it the wrong way."

  [02:23.01]They may also include denial of injury,

  [02:25.68]such as "it wasn't really that bad."

  [02:28.53]Next, accept responsibility.

  [02:31.43]Be as specific as possible when you accept responsibility.

  [02:35.53]Specific apologies are more likely

  [02:37.97]to be meaningful to the other person,

  [02:40.27]because they show that you have paid attention

  [02:42.72]to the situation that hurt him.

  [02:45.46]Try to avoid overgeneralizing.

  [02:48.86]Saying something like "I'm a terrible person" is not true,

  [02:52.93]and it isn't attentive to the specific behavior

  [02:55.58]or situation that caused the hurt.

  [02:58.58]Overgeneralizing makes addressing

  [03:00.83]the issue seem impossible;

  [03:02.83]you can't fix being a "terrible person"

  [03:05.73]as easily as you can fix "not paying attention

  [03:08.73]to someone else's needs."

  [03:10.57]For example, continue the apology by stating what,

  [03:14.37]specifically, caused the hurt.

  [03:16.42]"I deeply regret hurting your feelings yesterday.

  [03:19.77]I feel terrible about causing you pain.

  [03:22.49]I should never have snapped at you for picking me up late."

  [03:25.86]Third, communication matters most.

  [03:29.38]Listen to the other person.

  [03:31.13]The other person may want to express their feelings to you.

  [03:34.98]She may still be upset.

  [03:37.28]She may have more questions for you.

  [03:39.48]Do your best to stay calm and open.

  [03:42.53]If the other person is still upset with you,

  [03:45.18]she/he may react in an unfavorable way.

  [03:48.93]If the person yells or insults you,

  [03:51.28]these negative feelings

  [03:52.90]may prevent forgiveness from occurring.

  [03:55.36]Either take a timeout or try to redirect the conversation

  [03:59.26]to a more productive topic.

  [04:01.36]To take a timeout,

  [04:03.11]express your empathy for the other person

  [04:05.31]and offer them the choice.

  [04:07.47]Try to avoid seeming like you're blaming the other person.

  [04:10.82]For example, "I clearly hurt you,

  [04:13.67]and it seems like you're upset right now.

  [04:16.09]Would it be helpful to take a brief timeout?

  [04:18.45]I want to understand where you are coming from,

  [04:21.25]but I want you to feel comfortable."

  [04:23.67]To redirect the conversation from negativity,

  [04:26.78]try to learn specific behaviors

  [04:28.96]that the other person wishes you had done

  [04:31.36]instead of what you actually did.

  [04:33.66]For example, if the other person says something like

  [04:36.82]"You just never respect me!"

  [04:39.32]you could respond by asking

  [04:41.62]"What would help you feel that respect in the future?"

  [04:44.45]or "What do you hope I would do differently next time?"

  [04:48.70]Apologizing is never easy, for both parties;

  [04:52.40]thus, try to make it as comfortable

  [04:54.85]and effective as possible. Good luck!

  [04:58.30]Now you have two minutes to complete your work.

  [07:03.85]This is the end of Section A TALK.


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