Topic 23: What are the factors that cause stress and how to cope with stress?
休息的时间不够充足(inadequate leisure time)，高压力和快节奏的生活方式(live a high-pressured, fast-paced lifestyle);时间和金钱管理不当(poor time and money management)，不能够同时兼顾家庭和工作(juggle work and family commitments);对—些东西的专注性过高 (addictions)，比如赌博(gambling)和股票(stocks);
环境的因素(the environmental factors)、工作(career concerns)、社会关系(social relationships)和家庭问题(family problems)等;
想法或者对一些事情的态度(比如经济困难、学业困难、慢性病，甚至是小的事情)(thoughts/attitudes toward financial difficulties, academic difficulties, chronic illnesses, minor matters)，性格(personality)，可能有不切实际的期待(unrealistic expectations)，对事情的处理方法(interpret events and situations)等
养成好的习惯，比如合理的饮食有助于改善自身健康(proper eating contributes to feelings of well-being)、定期运动(exercise regularly);平衡好自己的责任和确立首要的事情(balance obligations and set priorities);
习惯自己每天的生活，忽略一些问题的潜在影响(become accustomed to your daily activities and overlook their cumulative effect)，养成良好的心态(nurture a good state of mind)，争取减少忧虑(block out worries);要有决断力(be assertive)，将生活中的突变看作是正面的挑战，而不是威胁(positive challenge, not a threat.);
平衡家庭生活和工作生活(balance work and family);有闲难要及时寻求别人的帮助(turn to others for support)，要处理好和其他人的矛盾(resolve conflicts with other people);通过体育、社交活动或者业余爱好来摆脱压力(release yourself from daily stresses with group sports， social events and hobbies)：
Life today is filled with sources of stress, much of which cannot be avoided, When stress appears to be a lifelong problem to many people, how it actually forms remains a subject of controversy to many scientists. The objective of this essay is to outline both the sources of stress and appropriate ways of dealing with it.
Many stressors arise from people's circumstances. For example, the high-pressured and fast-paced lifestyle has made it unlikely for people to gain adequate leisure time. Failure to balance work and leisure causes them either to struggle with deteriorating health or to cope with psychological distress, e.g.， anxiety and depression. Together with some other problems, such as disharmony with others, unpleasant work or living environment, it would increase stress to an unmanageable level.
Another group of stressors is intertwined with personality, People interpret events or situations differently. A problem taken as a threat by many people might be accepted as a positive challenge to others, Evidence is inconclusive about the reasons behind this distinction, but it is widely believed that a person of a cheerful disposition is less likely to be heavily affected by adversity. Of equal importance is the ability to handle with some issues, such as time and money. Considering the role of personality in deciding the attitudes toward an issue and responses to an event, the effect of stress management skills actually varies from person to person.
Methods to cope with stress are many, but the most effective ones are in fact not remote or complicated but accessible and practicable. People under stress are advised to participate more in recreational activities, adopt a sound dieting habit, and exercise regularly. They should learn to block out worries and try to keep the effect of a challenge in life to a minimum. Finally, it is important to nurture a good state of mind and to perceive things positively.
As suggested above, environment factors can be taken as the sources of stress and people's personality determines the extent to which they are influenced by those factors. Adopting a healthy
lifestyle and proper attitudes toward life can promote people's physical and psychological well-being and help them relieve stress.
2. form=develop=take shape:发展，形成
3. lifestyle=way of life=daily life=everyday life ：生活方式
4. unpleasant=disagreeable: 使人不愉'快的，让人厌恶的
7. cheerful=positive:乐观的，开朗的 .
8. disposition=character=temperament: 性格，品性
10. block out二erase=forget=wipe out:抹去，忘记，消除
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