2020专八阅读备考练习及答案讲解(17)

2019-08-23 10:53:04来源:网络

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  As many as one thousand years ago in the Southwest, theHopi and Zuni Indians of North America were building withadobe-sun baked brick plastered with mud. Their homeslooked remarkably like modern apartment houses. Some werefour stories high and contained quarters for perhaps a thousandpeople, along with store rooms for grain and other goods. Thesebuildings were usually put up against cliffs, both to make construction easier and for defenseagainst enemies. They were really villages in themselves, as later Spanish explorers must haverealized since they called them "pueblos", which is Spanish for town.

  The people of the pueblos raised what are called"the three sisters" - corn, beans, and squash. They made excellent pottery and wove marvelous baskets, some so fine that they could holdwater. The Southwest has always been a dry country, where water is scarce. The Hopi and Zunibrought water from streams to their fields and gardens through irrigation ditches. Water was soimportant that it played a major role in their religion. They developed elaborate ceremonies andreligious rituals to bring rain.

  The way of life of less settled groups was simpler and more strongly influenced by nature. Small tribes such as the Shoshone and Ute wandered the dry and mountainous lands between theRocky Mountains and the Pacific Ocean. They gathered seeds and hunted small animals such assmall rabbits and snakes. In the Far North the ancestors of today’s Inuit hunted seals, walruses, and the great whales. They lived right on the frozen seas in shelters called igloos built of blocks ofpacked snow. When summer came, they fished for salmon and hunted the lordly caribou.

  The Cheyenne, Pawnee, and Sioux tribes, known as the Plains Indians, lived on thegrasslands between the Rocky Mountains and the Mississippi River. They hunted bison, commonlycalled the buffalo. Its meat was the chief food of these tribes, and its hide was used to make theirclothing and covering of their tents and tipis.

  1. What does the passage mainly discuss?

  A. The architecture of early American Indian buildings.

  B. The movement of American Indians across North America.

  C. Ceremonies and rituals of American Indians.

  D. The way of life of American Indian tribes in early North America.

  2. It can be inferred from the passage that the dwellings of the Hopi and Zuni were______.

  A. very small

  B. highly advanced

  C. difficult to defend

  D. quickly constructed

  参考答案及解析:

  1. D) 根据阅读短文可知,作者主要描述了北美地区不同印第安部落的不同的生活方式 。故选项D为正确答案。

  2. B) 此题为推断题。根据文章第一段可知,早在一千年前Hopi和Zuni两支北美印第安部落就用一种砖坯“adobe”来建造房屋,高可达四层楼高,有居住室还有储藏室,颇像现代的公寓,故选项B(高度发达)为正确答案。



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