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2020英语专八口语考试中译英考前练习素材(三)

2019-11-26 18:35:01来源:网络

2020英语专八口语考试中译英考前练习素材(三)

  2020英语专八口语考试内容分为三个部分:英译中、中译英、评论。考试时间约25分钟。

  新东方在线专四专八频道整理了2020英语专八口语考试中译英考前练习素材,TEM8口试第2题汉译英部分热身训练参考。同学们可根据考试要求的长度自行选取段落,进行训练。

  合作应对气候变化,建设全球生态文明

  ——在联合国气候行动峰会上的发言

  外交部长 王毅

  A Joint Response to Climate Change, A Better Environment for Our Planet

  Remarks by H.E. Wang Yi

  State Councilor and Minister of Foreign Affairs

  At the UN Climate Action Summit

  (2019年9月23日,联合国总部)

  尊敬的古特雷斯秘书长,

  尊敬的各位国家元首和政府首脑,

  女士们,先生们:

  Your Excellency Secretary-General Antonio Guterres,

  Your Excellencies Heads of State and Government,

  Ladies and Gentlemen,

  中方高度赞赏和支持古特雷斯秘书长倡议举办这次峰会。

  China highly commends and supports the Secretary-General's initiative for convening this Summit.

  气候变化是各国面临的共同挑战。合力应对气候变化,保护我们赖以生存的地球家园,关系到人类未来的命运。

  Climate change is a common challenge to all countries. To jointly tackle this challenge and protect the planet we all call home will be a journey critical to the future and destiny of humankind.

  当前,全球气候治理进入关键阶段。国际社会应牢牢把握应对气候变化的正确方向,坚持信念不动摇,力度不降低。

  As global climate governance enters a crucial stage, the international community must stick to the right approach, that is, making a joint response to climate change with unwavering commitment and unrelenting efforts. In tackling climate change, we must:

  ——应对气候变化,要有必胜的决心。我们要恪守承诺,落实好《巴黎协定》及其实施细则,推动本次峰会和《联合国气候变化框架公约》第25次缔约方会议取得积极成果,为2020年后应对气候变化多边进程注入新的动力。个别国家的退群改变不了国际社会的共同意志,也不可能逆转国际合作的历史潮流。

  - First, be determined to win the fight. We must honor our commitments, follow through on the Paris Agreement and its implementation guidelines, and see to it that both this Summit and the COP25 produce positive outcomes that will inject fresh impetus into the post-2020 multilateral process. The withdrawal of certain parties will not shake the collective will of the international community, nor will it possibly reverse the historical trend of international cooperation.

  ——应对气候变化,要有行动的恒心。应对气候变化和实现发展不是非此即彼的选择题。我们要把应对气候变化与促进经济社会发展有机结合这篇大文章做好,在加快发展的进程中实现绿色低碳转型,提升应对气变的韧性。要调动全社会力量和资源,强化2020年前行动力度,不向2020年后转嫁责任。

  - Second, be prepared to take sustained actions. A response to climate change does not have to be made at the expense of development. We must make sure that our climate actions are mutually reinforcing with our socio-economic endeavors, realize a transformation toward green and low-carbon development and enhance climate resilience in the process of accelerating development. We must mobilize stakeholders and resources across all sectors to scale up pre-2020 to avoid passing on the responsibilities to the post-2020 process.

  ——应对气候变化,要有合作的诚心。应对气候变化必须坚持多边主义,在《公约》和《巴黎协定》框架下讨论和解决问题。尤其要恪守“共同但有区别的责任”、公平和各自能力原则,尊重发展中国家的发展需要和特殊国情,帮助发展中国家提升应对能力。发达国家应承担率先减排义务,履行到2020年每年动员1000亿美元的承诺。

  - Third, be committed to cooperation. The joint fight against climate change requires us to uphold multilateralism and explore solutions within the framework of the UNFCCC and the Paris Agreement. In particular, it is important that we follow the principles of "common but differentiated responsibilities", equity and respective capabilities, respect the need for development and the special conditions of developing countries, and help them build preparedness. Developed countries, on their part, need to take the lead in reducing emissions and honor their commitment of mobilizing US$100 billion a year in climate finance by 2020.

  女士们,先生们!

  Ladies and Gentlemen,

  作为国际社会的负责任的一员,中国言必信、行必果,在应对气候变化的征程中不断迈出新步伐。

  As a responsible member of the international community, China honors its words and keeps taking actions on climate change.

  中国践行创新、协调、绿色、开放、共享的发展理念,着力促进经济实现高质量发展,决心走绿色、低碳、可持续发展之路。2018年,中国单位GDP二氧化碳排放比2005年下降45.8%,超额完成了当年的目标,相当于减少二氧化碳排放约52.6亿吨。同年,非化石能源占一次能源消费比重达14.3%,森林蓄积量比2005年增加45.6亿立方米。2000年以来,全球新增绿化面积约四分之一来自中国。2018年,中国新能源汽车新增125万辆,这一数字在全球遥遥领先。中国已启动全国碳排放交易体系,积极推进全国碳排放权交易市场建设,为控制温室气体排放、加速产业结构升级提供助力。

  Guided by a philosophy of innovative, coordinated, green, open and shared development, China is pursuing high-quality growth and following a path of green, low-carbon and sustainable development. In 2018, China's CO2 emissions per unit of GDP dropped by 45.8 percent from the 2005 level, or a reduction of around 5.26 billion tons of CO2 emissions, exceeding the target set for the year; the share of non-fossil fuel in primary energy consumption reached 14.3 percent; forest stock increased by 4.56 billion cubic meters from 2005, as a result of new afforestation in China since 2000, which accounts for 25 percent of the global total; and a total of 1.25 million electric vehicles were sold in China, far more than in any other country. A national emission trading system has been introduced, and the development of a national emission trading market is well underway. Such efforts have proved helpful to controlling greenhouse gas emissions and upgrading the industrial structure.

  中国将认真履行《联合国气候变化框架公约》和《巴黎协定》义务,如期实现提交给气变公约秘书处的自主贡献目标。

  China will faithfully fulfill our obligations under the UNFCCC and the Paris Agreement, and realize as scheduled its nationally determined contribution targets submitted to the UNFCCC secretariat.

  中国将坚持共建绿色“一带一路”,实施“一带一路”应对气候变化南南合作计划,通过“一带一路”绿色发展国际联盟等平台,为应对气候变化国际合作汇聚更多力量。

  We will continue to promote joint building of a green Belt and Road. We are implementing the Belt and Road South-South Cooperation Initiative on Climate Change, and mobilizing stronger support for international cooperation against climate change through the BRI International Green Development Coalition and other platforms.

  女士们,先生们,

  Ladies and Gentlemen,

  “基于自然的解决方案”是此次峰会9大行动领域之一。应古特雷斯秘书长邀请,中国和新西兰担任该领域牵头国,会同相关国家和国际组织一道,推动该领域取得了丰硕成果。

  Nature-Based Solutions (NBS) is one of the nine action tracks of this Summit. China is honored to co-lead this track with New Zealand at the invitation of the Secretary-General. Through collaborating with many other countries and international organizations in this area, we gained fruitful results in the following aspects.

  一是为深入理解人与自然关系带来新视角。人与自然是生命共同体,我们需要尊重自然、顺应自然、保护自然。“基于自然的解决方案”倡导人与自然和谐共生,重视生态文明建设,将可持续利用自然资源纳入应对气候变化政策和行动框架,最大限度发挥自然的促进作用,增强应对气候变化的有效性。

  First, a deeper insight into the relations between man and nature. Human beings and nature are inseparable. We need to respect, adapt to, and protect nature. NBS advocates the harmonious co-existence between man and nature, values ecological progress, and incorporates the sustainable use of natural resources into climate policies and action frameworks, thus leveraging the role of nature to the fullest extent possible in enhancing the effectiveness of climate actions.

  二是为全球应对气候变化行动提出新举措。我们提出林业、农业、海洋、水资源、全生态系统等领域150多个行动倡议,并建立“基于自然的解决方案”之友机制推动后续落实,巩固相关领域国际合作势头,致力于发挥自然系统每年减少100至120亿吨二氧化碳的减缓潜力。

  Second, new measures for the global fight against climate change. We have proposed over 150 initiatives in such areas as forestry, agriculture, ocean, water resources, and the systemic role of nature, and set up a Group of Friends for NBS mechanism for follow-ups to keep up the momentum of international cooperation in these areas. Our goal is to achieve nature's mitigation potential of cutting 10 to 12 gigatons of CO2 per year.

  三是为实现可持续发展目标提供新支持。绿水青山就是金山银山,改善生态环境就是发展生产力。我们汇编了森林碳汇、生物多样性保护、荒漠化防治等30余个示范案例,展现出“基于自然的解决方案”推动经济、社会、环境协调发展所产生的巨大综合效益。相信这些案例将给各国提供有益借鉴,以更好落实2030年可持续发展议程。

  Third, fresh support for the Sustainable Development Goals. The Chinese often say that green is as precious as gold. In other words, a better environment can bring about greater productivity. We have collected over 30 best practices in forest carbon sink, bio-diversity protection, and desertification prevention and treatment to demonstrate how NBS can significantly promote coordinated economic, social and environmental development. I believe that those best practices will provide useful references for countries to better implement the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.

  女士们,先生们,

  Ladies and Gentlemen,

  应对气候变化,道阻且长,但行则将至。无论国际风云如何变幻,中国积极应对气候变化的行动不变,与各国深化气候合作的意愿不变,推动气候多边进程的努力不变。我相信,只要各国勠力同心,就一定能建成一个清洁美丽、共同繁荣、命运与共的美好世界!

  Long and difficult as the journey of tackling climate change is, sustained actions will take us to the destination. No matter how the international landscape may evolve, there will be no change in China's efforts to fight climate change, its readiness to deepen climate cooperation with other countries, or its commitment to the multilateral process on climate change. I am convinced that by working together as one and in the same direction, we will build a clean and beautiful world where we enjoy shared prosperity and shared future.

  谢谢大家。

  Thank you.

2020英语专四、英语专八,实力好课助你顺利过级!
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