2020英语专四dictation50篇(二十二)

2020-01-21 16:20:00来源:网络

2020英语专四dictation50篇(二十二)

   2020英语专四dictation听写标准:在字数约为150字左右的篇幅中,拼写及标点符号错误不超过12处(重复错误只算一处),如超过12处,则本部分成绩不及格。也就是说,在满分为15分的标准下,9分为及格分。

  2020英语专四dictation拿分技巧

  在听第一遍时,重点听主题思想和重点词,掌握全文大意,不要一听录音就写,因为这样急着写,也许能写出前边的单词或句子,却有可能不知全文的大意。

  听写的第二遍和第三遍朗读是以意群为单位重复的,在第二遍朗读录音时,要以意群为单位去理解。因时间关系,不可能一词一词地全部写下,所以要分清主次信息,抓句型和关键词(主语、谓语等)。

  在听第三遍时,再把其他部分,如修饰语、定冠词等遗漏内容补上,若有些词还来不及写,可先用一些自己认识的缩略形式,甚至特殊符号代替,等最后一遍核查时或结束前的两分钟检查时间时再补写出原形。

  把握每一遍录音。如果在听的过程中有个别词或词组一下子反应不出来,就不要苦苦纠缠单个的词,要跟着录音进行下一意群的听写,。而对于听不懂的单词,不妨先根据读音写下音标,等回头检查时再想。

  运用期待语法的作用。听之前,根据题目展开联想,调集大脑中储存的相关信息,同时仔细理解第一句,因为首句常是主题句,后边的句子围绕它进一步展开,这样,可以更快地进入状态。

  运用语法知识。有时即使没听出来,也可补写出来,如单复数和时态等;还可利用逻辑推理能力,因此,检查中如发现不合逻辑思维的句子,就可以肯定所写有误,进而改正。

  Where Do the British Live

  Nearly everyone in Britain would like to own their own home and, whether they do or not, they are prepared to put time and money into decorating and furnishing it or even making structural alterations to it. Because of the climate and because of the expense involved in going out for the evening, the British spend a lot of time at home and a large part of their social life takes place there.

  Young people tend to stay with their families longer these days as accommodation is expensive but, when they move away to a job or college, there are various options open to them. They can get lodgings with a landlady. This means that they rent a room in someone's house and have breakfast with the family. They can also get a bed-sitting room, that is to say one self-contained room in which they can cook, live and sleep. Alternatively, they can share a rented flat or house with a group of young people, perhaps the most popular option of all. (172 words)

  Useful Words and Expressions:

  structural adj. 结构的,建筑的

  furnish vt.装备,布置

  alteration n.变更,改造

  accommodation n.住处,膳宿

  option n.选项,选择权

  have no option but to(do)除了一一~以外没有他法,只好

  Ieave one’s optons open不做选择;不表态;不做承诺;留有回旋余地

  leave to one's option任意选择

  make one's option进行选择

  lodging n.寄宿处,寄宿

  bedsit n.卧室兼起居室

  bed-sitting卧室兼起居室的

  self-contained adj.设备齐全的

  alternatively adv.作为选择,二者择一地


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