2020英语专四dictation50篇(二十五)

2020-01-23 08:11:00来源:网络

2020英语专四dictation50篇(二十)

   2020英语专四dictation听写标准:在字数约为150字左右的篇幅中,拼写及标点符号错误不超过12处(重复错误只算一处),如超过12处,则本部分成绩不及格。也就是说,在满分为15分的标准下,9分为及格分。

  2020英语专四dictation拿分技巧

  在听第一遍时,重点听主题思想和重点词,掌握全文大意,不要一听录音就写,因为这样急着写,也许能写出前边的单词或句子,却有可能不知全文的大意。

  听写的第二遍和第三遍朗读是以意群为单位重复的,在第二遍朗读录音时,要以意群为单位去理解。因时间关系,不可能一词一词地全部写下,所以要分清主次信息,抓句型和关键词(主语、谓语等)。

  在听第三遍时,再把其他部分,如修饰语、定冠词等遗漏内容补上,若有些词还来不及写,可先用一些自己认识的缩略形式,甚至特殊符号代替,等最后一遍核查时或结束前的两分钟检查时间时再补写出原形。

  把握每一遍录音。如果在听的过程中有个别词或词组一下子反应不出来,就不要苦苦纠缠单个的词,要跟着录音进行下一意群的听写,。而对于听不懂的单词,不妨先根据读音写下音标,等回头检查时再想。

  运用期待语法的作用。听之前,根据题目展开联想,调集大脑中储存的相关信息,同时仔细理解第一句,因为首句常是主题句,后边的句子围绕它进一步展开,这样,可以更快地进入状态。

  运用语法知识。有时即使没听出来,也可补写出来,如单复数和时态等;还可利用逻辑推理能力,因此,检查中如发现不合逻辑思维的句子,就可以肯定所写有误,进而改正。

  Cartoonists

  In a good cartoon, the artist can tell in a few lines as much as a writer can tell in half a dozen paragraphs. The cartoonist not only tells a story but he also tries to persuade the reader to his way of thinking. He has great influence on public opinion. In a political campaign, he plays an important part. Controversial issues in Congress or at meetings of the United Nations may keep the cartoonist well-supplied with current materials.

  A clever cartoonist may cause laughter because he often uses humour in his drawings. If he is sketching a famous person, he takes a prominent feature and exaggerates it. Cartoonists, for instance, like to lengthen an already long nose and to widen an already broad grin. This exaggeration of a person’s characteristics is called caricature. The artist uses such exaggeration to put his message across. (144 words)

  Useful Words and Expressions:

  cartoonist n.漫画家

  campaign n.(政治或商业性)活动

  controversial adj.争论的,争议的

  a controversial movie一场有争议的电影

  a controversial stand on human rights引起争议的人权立场

  congress n.(美国等国的)国会,议会

  sketch vi.绘略图,素描

  prominent adj.卓越的,显著的

  prominent tech突出的牙齿

  a prominent nose大鼻子

  a prominent doctor著名的医生

  exaggerate v.夸大,夸张

  exaggeration n.夸张,夸大之词

  for instance例如

  lengthen v.延长,(使)变长

  kngthen a dress放长衣服

  Summer lengthens(out)into autumn.夏去秋来。

  The shadows lengthen.天色渐黑;年纪渐老;死期已近。

  grin n.露齿笑,咧嘴笑,张口笑


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