2020英语专四dictation50篇(三十九)

2020-03-18 19:27:00来源:网络

2020英语专四dictation50篇(三十九)

2020英语专四dictation听写标准:在字数约为150字左右的篇幅中,拼写及标点符号错误不超过12处(重复错误只算一处),如超过12处,则本部分成绩不及格。也就是说,在满分为15分的标准下,9分为及格分。

  2020英语专四dictation拿分技巧

  在听第一遍时,重点听主题思想和重点词,掌握全文大意,不要一听录音就写,因为这样急着写,也许能写出前边的单词或句子,却有可能不知全文的大意。

  听写的第二遍和第三遍朗读是以意群为单位重复的,在第二遍朗读录音时,要以意群为单位去理解。因时间关系,不可能一词一词地全部写下,所以要分清主次信息,抓句型和关键词(主语、谓语等)。

  在听第三遍时,再把其他部分,如修饰语、定冠词等遗漏内容补上,若有些词还来不及写,可先用一些自己认识的缩略形式,甚至特殊符号代替,等最后一遍核查时或结束前的两分钟检查时间时再补写出原形。

  把握每一遍录音。如果在听的过程中有个别词或词组一下子反应不出来,就不要苦苦纠缠单个的词,要跟着录音进行下一意群的听写,。而对于听不懂的单词,不妨先根据读音写下音标,等回头检查时再想。

  运用期待语法的作用。听之前,根据题目展开联想,调集大脑中储存的相关信息,同时仔细理解第一句,因为首句常是主题句,后边的句子围绕它进一步展开,这样,可以更快地进入状态。

  运用语法知识。有时即使没听出来,也可补写出来,如单复数和时态等;还可利用逻辑推理能力,因此,检查中如发现不合逻辑思维的句子,就可以肯定所写有误,进而改正。

 A Guide's Answer

  In 1861, the Civil War started in the United States between the Northern and the Southern states. The war continued with great bitterness until 1865, when the Northerners were victorious. However, even today, many Southerners have not forgotten their defeat, or forgiven the Northerners.

  A few years ago, a party of American tourists were going round one of the battlefields of the Civil War with a guide who came from one of the Southern states. At each place, the guide told the tourists stirring stories about how a few Southern soldiers had conquered powerful forces of Northerners there.

  At last, one of the tourists, a lady who came from the North, stopped the guide and said to him, "But surely the Northern army must have won at least one victory in the Civil War?"

  "Not as long as I'm the guide here, madam," answered the Southern guide. (147 words)

  Useful Words and Expressions:

  bitterness n.痛苦,悲伤,强烈的

  bitter adj.苦味的,辛酸的,怀恨的;强烈的

  a bitter taste苦味

  a bitter smile苦笑

  bitter tears辛酸的眼泪

  bitter remarks刻薄的话,恶毒的话

  bitter discipline严格的训练

  a bitter argument激烈的争论

  victorious adj.获胜的,胜利的

  the victorious army获胜的队伍

  a victorious cheer胜利的欢呼

  forgive vt.原谅,饶恕

  party]n.一群人

  battlefield n.战场,沙场

  stirring adj.激动人心的

  a stirring person活跃的人

  a stirring speech 动人的演说

  conquer vi.征服,战胜

  the Civil War南北战争


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