2020英语专四dictation50篇(四十四)

2020-03-25 18:04:46来源:网络

2020英语专四dictation50篇(四十四)

2020英语专四dictation听写标准:在字数约为150字左右的篇幅中,拼写及标点符号错误不超过12处(重复错误只算一处),如超过12处,则本部分成绩不及格。也就是说,在满分为15分的标准下,9分为及格分。

  2020英语专四dictation拿分技巧

  在听第一遍时,重点听主题思想和重点词,掌握全文大意,不要一听录音就写,因为这样急着写,也许能写出前边的单词或句子,却有可能不知全文的大意。

  听写的第二遍和第三遍朗读是以意群为单位重复的,在第二遍朗读录音时,要以意群为单位去理解。因时间关系,不可能一词一词地全部写下,所以要分清主次信息,抓句型和关键词(主语、谓语等)。

  在听第三遍时,再把其他部分,如修饰语、定冠词等遗漏内容补上,若有些词还来不及写,可先用一些自己认识的缩略形式,甚至特殊符号代替,等最后一遍核查时或结束前的两分钟检查时间时再补写出原形。

  把握每一遍录音。如果在听的过程中有个别词或词组一下子反应不出来,就不要苦苦纠缠单个的词,要跟着录音进行下一意群的听写,。而对于听不懂的单词,不妨先根据读音写下音标,等回头检查时再想。

  运用期待语法的作用。听之前,根据题目展开联想,调集大脑中储存的相关信息,同时仔细理解第一句,因为首句常是主题句,后边的句子围绕它进一步展开,这样,可以更快地进入状态。

  运用语法知识。有时即使没听出来,也可补写出来,如单复数和时态等;还可利用逻辑推理能力,因此,检查中如发现不合逻辑思维的句子,就可以肯定所写有误,进而改正。

  Living Things React

  You and all organisms live in an environment. An environment is made up of everything that surrounds an organism. It can include the air, the water, the soil, and even other organisms.

  An organism responds to changes in its environment. When an organism responds to a change, it reacts in certain ways. All living things respond in someway.

  Have you ever noticed how plants and insects respond to light? Plants bend toward light. Insects fly toward light.

  Living things also respond in other ways. The leaves on some trees respond to a change in season. In autumn, they change colors and then fall off the branches. Animals also respond to a change in season. Squirrels save nuts for the winter. Bears sleep through the winter in a cave.

  You respond to your environment in many ways, too. You may shiver if you are cold. What other ways do you respond to changes in your environment? (156 words)

  Useful Words and Expressions:

  react vi. 反应,起作用

  react against oppression反抗压迫

  react on each other相互起作用

  Unkindness often reacts on the unkind person.恶人有恶报。

  The eye reacts to light.眼睛对光有反应。

  The audience reacted readily to his speech.观众对他的讲演立即起了反应。

  organism n.生物体,有机体

  respond v.作出反应

  squirrel n.松鼠

  nut n.坚果,难解的问题

  a hard [tough] nut to crack棘手之事;难对付的人

  a tough nut果断顽强的人;难对付的人,无赖汉

  deaf nut注定失败的计划;毫无所得的投机

  deaf nut发疯;大发雷霆

  He who would eat the nut must fiDt crack the shell.不打碎果壳,就吃不到果仁;不劳则无获。


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