2020英语专四阅读练习100篇附答案:风俗文化

2020-08-26 07:29:00来源:网络

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  Our culture has caused most Americans to assumenot only that our language is universal. but that thegestures we use are understood by everyone. We donot realize that waving good-bye is the way tosummon a person from the Philippines to one's side. or that in Italy and some Latin-American countries. curling che finger to oneself is a sign of farewell.

  Those private citizens who sent packages to our troops occupying Germany after World War IIand marked them GJIF-r to escape duty payments did not bother to find out that "Gift" meanspoison in German. Moreover. we like to think of ourselves as friendly. yet we prefer to be atleast ,3 feet or an arm's length away from others. Latins and Middle Easterners like to comecloser and couch. which makes Americans uncomfortable.

  Our linguistic and cultural blindness and the casualness with which we take notice of thedeveloped tastes.gestures. customs and languages of other countries. are losing us friends. business and respect in the world.

  Even here in the United States. we make few concessions to the needs of foreign visitors. Thereare no information signs in four languages on our public buildings or monuments; we do nothave multilingual (多语言的) guided tours. Very few restaurant menus have translations, andmultilingual waiters. bank clerks andpolicemen are rare. Our transportation systems havemaps in English only and often we ourselves have difficulty understanding them.

  When we go abroad. we tend to cluster in hotels and restaurants where English is spoken. Theattitudes andinformation we pick up are conditioned by those natives-usually the richer-whospeak English. Our businessdealings, as well as the nation's diplomacy. are conducted throughinterpreters.

  For many years, America and Americans could get by wich cultural blindness and linguisticignorance. Afterall. America was the most powerful country of che free world, the distributorof needed funds and goods.

  But all that is past. American dollars no longer buy all good things, and we are slowly beginningto realize that our proper role in the world is changing. A l979 Harris poll reported that 55 percent of Americanswant this country to play a more significant role in world affairs; we wantto have a hand in the important decisions of the next century, even though it may not alwaysbe the upper hand.

  1.It can be inferred that Americans beingapproached too closely by Middle Easternerswould most probably_______________.

  A) stand still

  B) jump aside

  C) step forward

  D) draw back

  2. The author gives many examples io criticize Americans for their_______________.

  A) cultural self-centeredness

  B) casual manners

  C) indifference towards foreign visitors

  D) arrogance towards other cultures

  3. In countries other than their own most Americans_____________.

  A) are isolated by the local people

  B) are not well informed due to the language barrier

  C) tend to get along well with the natives

  D) need interpreters in hotels and restaurants

  4. According to the author. Americans' cultural blindness and linguistic ignorancewill_________.

  A) affect their image in the new era

  B) cut themselves off from the outside world

  C) limit their role in world affairs

  D) weaken the position of the U.S. dollar

  5. The author's intention in writing this article is Lo make Americans realizethat____________.

  A) it is dangerous to ignore their foreign friends

  B) it is important to maintain their leading role in world affairs

  C) it is necessary to use several languages in public places

  D) it is time to get acquainted with other cultures

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