2020英语专八翻译练习:博物馆

2020-09-04 07:49:00来源:网络

2020英语专八翻译练习:博物馆

  2020英语专八翻译题型为中译英,翻译国内报刊杂志上的文章和一般文学作品,需要注意翻译的通顺,句型。汉译英特别要求译文的句式处理恰当,选词妥帖,英语比较地道。新东方在线英语专八频道整理了2020英语专八翻译练习并附详细译文,希望大家平日多练习翻译,打好基础。

  原文:

  世界上第一代博物馆属于自然博物馆,它是通过化石、标本等向人们介绍地球和各种生物的演化历史。第二代属于工业技术博物馆,它所展示的是工业文明带来的各种阶段性结果。这两代博物馆虽然起到了传播科学知识的作用,但是,它们把参观者当成了被动的旁观者。

  世界上第三代博物馆是充满全新理念的博物馆。在这里,观众可以自己去动手操作,自己细心体察。这样,他们可以更贴近先进的科学技术,去探索科学技术的奥妙。

  参考译文:

  The first generation of museums are what might be called natural museums which, by means of fossils, specimens and other objects, introduced to people the evolutionary history of the Earth and various kinds of organisms. The second generation are those of industrial technologies which presented the fruits achieved by industrial civilization at different stages of industrialization. Despite the fact that those two generations of museums helped to disseminate / propagate / spread scientific knowledge, they nevertheless treated visitors merely as passive viewers.

  The third generation of museums in the world are those replete with / full of wholly novel concepts. In those museums, visitors are allowed to operate the exhibits with their own hands, to observe and to experience carefully. By getting closer to the advanced science and technologies in this way, people can probe into their secret mysteries.


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