2020专八语言知识模拟练习题十五(附答案)

2020-10-07 07:33:00来源:网络

  2020语言知识题型部分为作答题,由一篇约250个单词的短文组成,短文中有10行标有题号。该10行内均含有一个语误。要求学生根据“增添”、“删除”或“改变其中的某一个单词或短语”三种方法中的一种改正语误。题型形式:改错题;题型个数:共10题;考试时间:15分钟;题型占比:10%。下面为大家分享:2020专八语言知识模拟练习题十五(附答案)。

  One of our main arguments is that we in Western countries actually have part to play in causing the __1__problems of the Third World. Many Third World countries are saddle with immense debt burdens, for __2__example. They were lent money with low interest rates __3__in the 1970s, when money flooded into Western banks from the oil-producing countries and was lent out to the Third World. The interest rates have then been risen __4__dramatically. So you have a situation where a country in many cases can’t even repay the interest, letting alone __5__the capital, on the debt. And I suppose the best example from what I have come across is a country in West Africa where the consumption, the local consumption of peanuts was banned, because peanuts, if they are imported can bring in a great deal of foreign income. __6__

  The peanut is a major source of protein in this country.So you have people go hungry as a result of that. __7__The peanuts were exported to Great Britain and the United States to feed our cattle. Those cattle then produced a surplus of milk which we do not know what to do with.

  We have enough milk, more milk than we can cope with in the Western World. And also that milk __8__was transformed into dried milk powder and then taken back to this country to help feed children who were suffering from malnutrition. So that’s the kind of insanely __9__economic relationship that we have got ourselves in __10__the Third World.

  参考答案及解析:

  1.在part前加上a

  词组have a part to play in…的意思是“有份儿”

  2.saddle改为saddled

  此处为被动语态,应该把动词变为过去分词形式。

  3.把with改为at

  此处介词与interest rates搭配。

  4.删除been(这里应该是把risen改为rising,答案应该错了)

  rise是不及物动词,不用于被动语态。

  5.把letting改为let

  let alone 意思为“更不用提”。

  6.把imported改为exported

  下文说花生可以带来外汇收益,出口才会带来外汇,所以此处应用exported。

  7.把have改为had

  上文提到该国禁止本国消费花生这件事用的是过去时。

  8.把also改为so。

  必须把与此相关的几个句子联系在一起理解,上文说:花生出口到英国和美国去喂了牛,而牛又产出了过剩的牛奶,我们不知道怎么处理这些牛奶。在西方世界,我们的牛奶够多了,多得无法处理。本句说:这些牛奶就被制成奶粉拿到该国去喂养那些营养不良的儿童。由此可见本句与上文是因果关系,不能用also来连接。

  9.insanely改为insane

  此处表达“荒唐的经济关系”insane修饰的是relationship,而非economic,因此要用形容词代替。

  10.把in改为into

  词组get in 虽然也可以表达“ 进入,陷入”,但是in为副词,后面不能跟地点,所以应该改为into

  以上为新东方在线专四专八频道为大家整理的:“2020专八语言知识模拟练习题十五(附答案)”文章,希望对大家顺利通过专八考试有所帮助。


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