PART Ⅰ LISTENING COMPREHENSION(35 min)
SECTION A MINI-LECTURE
In this section you will hear a mini-lecture. You will hear the lecture ONCE ONLY. While listening, take notes on the important points. Your notes will not be marked, but you will need them to complete a gap-filling task after the mini-lecture. When the lecture is over, you will be given two minutes to check your notes, and another ten minutes to complete the gap-filling task on ANSWER SHEET ONE, using no more than three words in each gap. Make sure the word(s) you fill in is (are) both grammatically and semantically acceptable. You may refer to your notes while completing the task. Use the blank sheet for note-taking.
Now listen to the mini-lecture.
People do observation in daily life context for safety or for proper behaviour. However, there are differences in daily-life observation and research observation.
---- daily life observation
-dependence on memory (1) ____________
---- research observation
- (2) _________ (2) ____________
- careful record keeping
B. Ways to select samples in research
---- time sampling
- systematic: e.g. fixed intervals every hour
- random: fixed intervals but (3) _______ (3) ____________
Systematic sampling and random sampling are often used in combination.
---- (4) _______ (4) ____________
- definition: selection of different locations
- reason: humans’ or animals’ behaviour (5) ______ across (5) ____________
- (6) ______: more objective observations (6) ____________
C. Ways to record behaviour (7) _______ (7) ____________
---- observation with intervention
- participant observation: researcher as observer and participant
- field experiment: research (8) ______ over conditions (8) ____________
---- observation without intervention
-purpose: describing behaviour (9) ______ (9) ____________
- (10) ______ : no intervention
- researcher: a passive recorder (10) ____________
SECTION B INTERVIEW
In this section you will hear everything ONCE ONLY. Listen carefully and then answer the questions that follow. Mark the correct answer to each question on ANSWER SHEET TWO.
Questions 1 to 5 are based on an interview. At the end of the interview you will be given 10 seconds to answer each of the following five questions.
Now listen to the interview.
1. Which of the following statements about creativity is INCORRECT?
A. Creativity stems from human beings' novel thinking.
B. The duration of the creative process varies from person to person.
C. Creative people focus on novel thinking rather than on solutions.
D. The outcome of human creativity comes in varied forms.
2. The interviewee cites the Bach family to show that creativity
A. seems to be attributable to genetic makeup.
B. appears to be the result of the environment.
C. appears to be more associated with great people.
D. comes from both environment and genetic makeup.
3. How many types of the creative process does the interviewee describe?
4. Which of the following features of a creative personality is NOT mentioned in the interview?
5. The interviewee's suggestion for a creativity workout supports the view that
A. brain exercising will not make people creative.
B. most people have diversified interests and hobbies.
C. creativity can only be found in great people.
D. the environment is significant in the creative process.
SECTION C NEWS BROADCAST
In this section you will hear everything ONCE ONLY. Listen carefully and then answer the questions that follow. Mark the best answer to each question on ANSWER SHEET TWO.
Question 6 is based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be given 10 seconds to answer the question.
Now listen to the news.
6. What is the news item mainly about?
A. A problem in the cooling system was solved.
B. A 350-kilogram ammonia pump was removed.
C. U.S. astronauts made three space walks.
D. An international space station was set up.
Questions 7 and 8 are based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be given 20 seconds to answer the questions.
Now listen to the news.
7. In which country would parents often threaten to punish children by leaving them outside?
C. The Philippines.
D. Not mentioned.
8. What is the main purpose of the study?
A. To reveal cultural differences and similarities.
B.. To investigate ways of physical punishment.
C. To analyze child behaviour across countries.
D. To expose cases of child abuse and punishment
Questions 9 and 10 are based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be given 20 seconds to answer the questions. Now listen to the news.
9. According to the news item, Japan's economic growth in the second quarter was ____
less than the first quarter.
A. 4 percent
B. 3 percent
C. 0.6 percent
D. 3.4 percent
10. How many reasons does the news item cite for Japan's slow economic growth?
1: rarely formal records 2: systematic objective manner 3: variable
4: situation sampling 5: vary 6: advantage 7: as it occurs 8: have more control 9: in natural setting 10: method Interview
1: creative people focus on novel thinking rather than solution
2: comes from both environmental and genetic makeup
5: the environment is significant in the creative process
6: a problem in the cooling system was solved
7: the Philippines
8: to expose cases of child abuse and punishment
9: 4 percent