When visiting Beijing, he went to the Great Wall.
It is an interesting story.
surprising (令人惊讶的—主动) surprised (感到吃惊的—被动)
an exciting story
the exploiting classes(剥削阶级)
a moving film(感人的)
a tiring journey
the exploited classes(被剥削阶级)
a moved audience(被感动的)
a tired football player
fallen leaves, the exploded bomb, a retired miner, escaped prisoners, the risen sun.
the changing world----the changed world
boiling water----boiled water
developing countries----developed countries
The situation is discouraging.
She felt discouraged at the words.
I'm reading a very attracting book.
He likes to drink cold boiled water.
Eg. An excited child is not easy to control.
分词作后置定语时，是特指某一特定情况下的特点，具有特殊含义。Eg. The child excited by the gift was brought under control.
There's a broken window in their classroom.
The window broken yesterday will have to be paid for.
She said she would never get married, because she didn't want to spend her life surrounded by screaming children.
The child screaming there is his son.
see, hear, feel, watch, notice, smell, find, think, observe, listen to, catch, leave, start, set
a. I saw a girl standing by the goldfish pond.
b. He felt his eyes dazzled by the bright light.
c. I found him drinking my mineral water.
d. Everyone thought the battle lost.
e. Have you ever heard a nightingale singing?
(2) 当v.为make, get, have, keep等表示“致使、使得”含义时：
a. I have my hair cut every ten days.
b. He got his bad tooth pulled out.
c. She's going to have her clothes altered.
(3) 在have+宾+p.p.结构中，have 有三种不同含义。
a. We had the problem solved. (意为“致使”有意的行为)
b. He had his arms broken in an accident. (意为“遭受”，表示无意行为)
c. I have no money left. (have有)
(4) 当v.为like, want, wish, order等表示希望要求命令等意义时
a. He wanted his eggs fried.
b. He won't like such questions discussed at the meeting.
c. The boss ordered all the errors corrected.
注：有些动词如see, feel, notice, watch即可跟现分也可跟不定式作宾补，区别在于：现在分词着重说明动作正在发生，不定式说明动作的全过程。
I saw the boys climbing the wall. (在爬)
I saw the boys climb the wall. (爬了)
a. Arriving at the station, he found a crowd of people waiting there.
b. Inspired by the excellent situation, the workers worked even harder.
a. Heating water, you can change it into steam.
b. Though beaten by another football team, the players of GuoAn did not lose confidence.
在上述两种情况下，分词所做的状语可以相当于一个状语从句。此时可在分词前加一个引导词如when, if, though, unless, before, after等 ，这就构成了省略。
Arriving at the station, he found a crowd of people waiting there.
=When he arrived at the station, he……
=When arriving at the station, he……
Inspired by the excellent situation, the workers worked even harder.
=After/Because they were inspired by ……
=After/Because inspired by ……
Heating water, you can change it into steam.
=If you heat water, you can ……
=If heating water, you can……
Though beaten by another football team, the players of GuoAn did not lose confidence.
=Though they were beaten by ……
a. Laughing and talking, the students went out from the cinema.
b. He came running back to tell us the news.
c. She stood there waiting for the bus.
d. The bandits fled into the mountains, pursued by the policemen. 匪徒向山里逃窜，警察在后面追捕着。
分词独立结构：一般分词作状语时，它的逻辑主语应是句子的主语，但有时分词的逻辑主语是其它的名/ 代词，n. / pron. +分词的结构就是独立(主格)结构。
A new technique ____, the yields as a whole increased by 20%. (90.1 CET-4)
Answer: having been worked out.
a. The question being settled, we signed the contract.
b. It being sunny, we went out for a walk.
c. The rain having stopped, the soldiers continued their march.
d. Almost all metals are good conductors, silver being the best of all.
(1)名/ 代+ 分词：
a. They walked in the garden, little birds singing happily in the tree.
b. The old man was sitting at the table, the newspaper spread before him.
c. It being rainy, they had to call off their trip.
(2)省去being或分词 后，由n. / pron.+adj. / adv. / 介词短语构成。
He entered the room, his nose (being)red with cold.
The meal (being)over, he went to his office again.
He stood in doorway, a hat (held)in his hand.
Club (held/being) in hand, the policeman ran after the thief.
(3)with / without 引导的独立结构，有时有分词，有时无分词，但可看作省略了分词being.
She left the room with the candle burning on the table.
He wandered in without shoes or socks on.
否定：not + 分词
a. Not knowing what to do, she went to the professor for help.
b. I left at noon, not staying for lunch.
a. Working together with Dr. White, we learnt a lot from him.
b. Knowing that they were going to the factory next week, the students began to make preparations.
c. He came up to me, saying “Glad to see you again”.
a. Having watered the vegetables, the women took a short rest.
b. Not having done it right, I tried again.
c. Having finished his homework, the schoolboy began to play video games.
(3) 现在分词的被动语态：being done. 表示某一被动动作在讲话时正在发生，或与谓语动作同时发生。having been done表示动作发生在谓语之前。常用作状语表时间或原因。
a. Who is the patient being operated on?
b. You will find the matter being talked about all over the town.
c. Having been told that some guests were coming, they got the rooms ready.
Choosing a right career is vital to a person.
Giving up smoking / getting rid of smoking is very necessary because smoking is harmful to health.
Developing / cultivating good living habits is critical for a child's development / growth.
Being punctual is a good quality / virtue.
Loving the motherland is every citizen's duty / responsibility.
Living in the country / countryside is better than / preferable to living in the city.
Living in the city is more convenient than living in the country.
Owning a private car will also bring about / lead to some problems.
Living with parents after getting married may give rise to / result in / lead to / bring about many inconveniences.
Learning English well is no easy job.
We can benefit greatly from taking part in social activities.
Generally speaking, generation gaps are resulted from not being able to understand each other.