Racket, din clamor, noise, whatever you want to call it, unwanted sound is
America's most widespread nuisance. But noise is more than just a nuisance. It
constitutes a real and present danger to people's health. Day and night, at
home, at work, and at play, noise can produce serious physical and psychological
stress. No one is immune to this stress. Though we seem to adjust to noise by
ignoring it, the ear, in fact, never closes and the body still
responds—sometimes with extreme tension, as to a strange sound in the night.
The annoyance we feel when faced with noise is the most common outward
symptom of the stress building up inside us. Indeed, because irritability is so
apparent, legislators have made public annoyance the basis of many noise
abatement programs. The more subtle and more serious health hazards associated
with stress caused by noise traditionally have been given much less attention.
Nevertheless, when we are annoyed or made irritable by noise, we should consider
these symptoms fair warning that other thing may be happening to us, some of
which may be damaging to our health.
Of many health hazards to noise, hearing loss is the most clearly
observable and measurable by health professionals. The other hazards are harder
to pin down. For many of us, there may be a risk that exposure to the stress of
noise increases susceptibility to disease and infection. The more susceptible
among us may experience noise as a complicating factor in heart problems and
other diseases. Noise that causes annoyance and irritability in health persons
may have serious consequences for these already ill in mind or body.
Noise affects us throughout our lives. For example, there are indications
of effects on the unborn child when mothers are exposed to industrial and
environmental noise. During infancy and childhood, youngsters exposed to high
noise levels may have trouble falling asleep and obtaining necessary amounts of
Why, then, is there not greater alarm about these dangers? Perhaps it is
because the link between noise and many disabilities or diseases has not yet
been conclusively demonstrated. Perhaps it is because we tend to dismiss
annoyance as a price to pay for living in the modern world. It may also be
because we still think of hearing loss as only an occupational hazard.
1.In Paragraph 1, the phrase "immune to" are used to mean ___.
C.unlikely to be seen by
2.The author's attitude toward noise would best be described as ___.
3.Which of the following best states the main idea of the passage?
A.Noise is a major problem; most people recognize its importance.
B.Although noise can be annoying, it is not a major problem.
C.Noise is a major problem and has not yet been recognized as such.
D.Noise is a major problem about which nothing can be done.
4.The author condemns noise essentially because it ___.
A.is against the law
B.can make some people irritable
C.is a nuisance
D.in a ganger to people's health
5.The author would probably consider research about the effects noise has
on people to be ___.
C.a waste of money