2020英语专四dictation50篇(十五)

2019-11-27 15:02:48来源:网络

2020英语专四dictation50篇(十五)

2020英语专四dictation听写标准:在字数约为150字左右的篇幅中,拼写及标点符号错误不超过12处(重复错误只算一处),如超过12处,则本部分成绩不及格。也就是说,在满分为15分的标准下,9分为及格分。

  2020英语专四dictation拿分技巧

  在听第一遍时,重点听主题思想和重点词,掌握全文大意,不要一听录音就写,因为这样急着写,也许能写出前边的单词或句子,却有可能不知全文的大意。

  听写的第二遍和第三遍朗读是以意群为单位重复的,在第二遍朗读录音时,要以意群为单位去理解。因时间关系,不可能一词一词地全部写下,所以要分清主次信息,抓句型和关键词(主语、谓语等)。

  在听第三遍时,再把其他部分,如修饰语、定冠词等遗漏内容补上,若有些词还来不及写,可先用一些自己认识的缩略形式,甚至特殊符号代替,等最后一遍核查时或结束前的两分钟检查时间时再补写出原形。

  把握每一遍录音。如果在听的过程中有个别词或词组一下子反应不出来,就不要苦苦纠缠单个的词,要跟着录音进行下一意群的听写,。而对于听不懂的单词,不妨先根据读音写下音标,等回头检查时再想。

  运用期待语法的作用。听之前,根据题目展开联想,调集大脑中储存的相关信息,同时仔细理解第一句,因为首句常是主题句,后边的句子围绕它进一步展开,这样,可以更快地进入状态。

  运用语法知识。有时即使没听出来,也可补写出来,如单复数和时态等;还可利用逻辑推理能力,因此,检查中如发现不合逻辑思维的句子,就可以肯定所写有误,进而改正。

  How High Can You Jump?

  Fleas trainers have observed a strange habit of fleas while training them.

  Fleas are trained by putting them in a cardboard box with a top on it. The fleas will jump up and hit the top of the cardboard box over and over and over again. As you watch them jump and hit the lid, something very interesting becomes obvious. The fleas continue to jump, but they are no longer jumping high enough to hit the top.

  When you take off the lid, the fleas continue to jump, but they will not jump out of the box. They will not jump out because they cannot jump out. Why? The reason is simple. They have conditioned themselves to jump just so high. Once they have conditioned themselves to jump just so high, that is all they can do!

  Many times, people do the same thing. They restrict themselves and never reach their potential. Just like the fleas, they fail to jump higher, thinking they are doing all they can do. (169 words)

  Useful Words and Expressions:

  flea n.跳蚤

  cardboard n.纸板

  jump up突然起立

  jump over a page or wo跳过一两页

  jump at[to] a conclusion匆匆作出结论,轻率断定

  jump from one topic to another从一个话题跳到另一个话题

  jump from job t job盲目地调换工作,见异思迁

  jump at the chance急切地抓住机会

  He wanted them to jump to it.他希望他们赶快办这件事。

  His idea jump with mine.他的意见与我一致。

  lid n.盖子

  conditioned adj.有条件的,习惯于……的

  a conditioned student试读生

  become conditioned to the hot weather已适应炎热气候

  restrict vt.限制,约束,限定

  be estricted within narrow limits限于狭窄的范围内

  be restricted in one’s movements行动受约束

  be restricted by time[law] 受时间[法律]限制

  Discussion at the meeting is restricted to the agenda. 这次会上的讨论只限于议程上的项目。

  potential n.潜能,潜力


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