2020英语专四dictation50篇(二十八)

2020-01-26 08:11:00来源:网络

2020英语专四dictation50篇(二十八)

   2020英语专四dictation听写标准:在字数约为150字左右的篇幅中,拼写及标点符号错误不超过12处(重复错误只算一处),如超过12处,则本部分成绩不及格。也就是说,在满分为15分的标准下,9分为及格分。

  2020英语专四dictation拿分技巧

  在听第一遍时,重点听主题思想和重点词,掌握全文大意,不要一听录音就写,因为这样急着写,也许能写出前边的单词或句子,却有可能不知全文的大意。

  听写的第二遍和第三遍朗读是以意群为单位重复的,在第二遍朗读录音时,要以意群为单位去理解。因时间关系,不可能一词一词地全部写下,所以要分清主次信息,抓句型和关键词(主语、谓语等)。

  在听第三遍时,再把其他部分,如修饰语、定冠词等遗漏内容补上,若有些词还来不及写,可先用一些自己认识的缩略形式,甚至特殊符号代替,等最后一遍核查时或结束前的两分钟检查时间时再补写出原形。

  把握每一遍录音。如果在听的过程中有个别词或词组一下子反应不出来,就不要苦苦纠缠单个的词,要跟着录音进行下一意群的听写,。而对于听不懂的单词,不妨先根据读音写下音标,等回头检查时再想。

  运用期待语法的作用。听之前,根据题目展开联想,调集大脑中储存的相关信息,同时仔细理解第一句,因为首句常是主题句,后边的句子围绕它进一步展开,这样,可以更快地进入状态。

  运用语法知识。有时即使没听出来,也可补写出来,如单复数和时态等;还可利用逻辑推理能力,因此,检查中如发现不合逻辑思维的句子,就可以肯定所写有误,进而改正。

  Intelligence

  Are some people born clever and others born stupid? Or is intelligence developed by our environment and our experience?

  Strangely enough, the answer to these questions is yes. To some extent our intelligence is given us at birth, and no amount of special education can make a genius out of a child born with low intelligence. On the other hand, a child who lives in a boring environment will develop his intelligence less than one who lives in rich and varied surroundings. Thus, the limits of a person's intelligence are fixed at birth, whether or not he reaches those limits will depend on his environment. This view, held by most experts now, can be supported in a number of ways. As is easy to show that intelligence is to some extent something we are born with. The closer the blood relationship between two people is, the closer they are likely to be in intelligence. (154 words)

  Useful Words and Expressions:

  Intelligence n.智力,聪明

  a boy who shows intellge6nce智力低下的男孩

  Use your Intelllignce,and you’ll sure to achieve sometning.发挥你的聪明才智,你一定能取得成就。

  have secret intelligence of the enemy’s plans获得敌方计划的秘密情报。

  extent n.广度,程度

  to some extent在某种程度上

  extent of one’s knowledge某人的知识多少

  see fullextent ofthe park看到公园的整个范围

  a vast extent of land辽阔的土地

  unlimited extent无限空间

  I agree with you to a certain extent.我在某种程度上同意你。

  No one knows the extent of his debts.没有人知道他负债多少。

  no amount of怎么(再多)也…••不


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