2020专四词汇语法题附答案解析(十八)

2020-08-31 08:12:00来源:网络

2020专四词汇语法题附答案解析(十八)

  2020专四词汇语法题即2020英语专四考试第三部分语言知识题,由20道选择题组成,每题一分,主要考察考生词汇、短语、语法、句法的运用,下面是新东方在线专四频道整理的20篇专四词汇语法题。

  1. We are late. I expect the film ____by the time we get to the cinema. A. has started B. will have started C. will start D. may start

  2. But for sunlight, there ____ no moonlight.

  A. will be B. would be C. had been D. was

  3. All flights ____ because of the snowstorm, many passengers could do nothing but take the train.

  A. had been cancelled B. were cancelled

  C. have been cancelled D. having been cancelled

  4. ____seeing the damage he had done, he felt ashamed. A. By B. On C. At D. For

  5. It is high time you ____that you are not the most important person in the world.

  A. realized B. have realized C. realizes D. will realize

  6. These two are similar ____they both have a high rainfall during this season. A. to that B. besides that C. in that D. except that

  7. If he hadn’t stood under the ladder to catch you when you fell, you ____here now.

  A. wouldn’t be smiling B. won’t smile C. couldn’t have smiled D. didn’t smile

  8. We will visit Huangshan next year ____we have enough money. A. lest B. until C. unless D. provided

  9. The older worker and the young each ____their own tools. A. have B. has C. are having D. is having

  10. William told his wife ____ .

  A. to have his shoes shone B. to have his shoes shined C. to have his shoes shining D. shine his shoes

  11. The World Trade Center, the top ____ is 410 meters high, is the tallest building in the world.

  A. of which B. which C. of whose D. that

  12. Only when the war was over in 1945 ____ to his hometown.

  A. did he return B. he did return C. he returned D. had he returned

  13. His honesty is ____ nobody can doubt it. A. in question B. out of question C. beside the question D. without question

  14. It was not until he took up fishing that he ____ to relax. A. had been beginning B. began C. had begun D. beginning

  15. Not only you but also I ____ mistaken on this point. A. are B. were C. have D. am

  16. The task wasn’t easy, but we managed it____ .

  A. anyhow B. somehow C. any way D. some way

  17. Jane has just ____a letter from a friend of hers in England.

  A. returned B. answered C. offered D. replied

  18. Mr. John had given no ____ that he was intending to resign.

  A. direction B. symptom C. information D. indication

  19. As she opened the gate the lion gave a loud ____and bounded at her.

  A. yell B. cry C. roar D. shout

  20. He spoke so quickly that I didn’t ____ what he said.

  A. catch B. listen C. get D. take

答案解析:

  1. B)【句意】我们晚点了,估计在我们到达电影院之前电影就已经开始了。 【难点】该句子中的expect意为“考虑,估计”;by the time 意为“在„之前”,常和将来完成时连用。

  2. B)【句意】要是没有阳光,也就不会有月光。

  【难点】英语中经常用介词短语表示虚拟条件,常用的这类介词短语为: without,in the absence of,but for等。本句中的虚拟语气表示与现在事实相反的一种假设,故主句中谓语为would be。

  3. D)【句意】因为暴风雪,所有航班被取消,所以许多乘客只好坐火车。 【难点】该句逗号前是一个独立结构,逻辑主语是All flights,逻辑谓语的动作在那时业已完成,所以选择having been cancelled。

  4. B)【句意】看到自己造成的损坏,他觉得非常羞愧。

  【难点】“on +动名词”往往用于句中表示时间状语,意为“在„时候”,是一常用的固定搭配。

  5. A)【句意】你该意识到你并不是世界上最重要的人。 【难点】虚拟语气也常用于it is high time that 的结构中,意为“该„了”。that 从句中的谓语一般用一般过去时。

  6. C)【句意】这两个地区相似,因为它们这个季节的降水量都很大。

  【难点】从句子结构和句意分析可知,两个句子之间构成因果关系,而能够表示因果关系的连词只有 in that,意为“原因是,原因在于”,常放在第二个句子的句首,表示第一句中事件发生的原因。

  7. A)【句意】如果你掉下来的时候,他没站在梯子下接住你,你现在就不会还在这儿笑眯眯的了。

  【难点】此句为一错综时间条件句,从句表示与过去事实相反的一个假设,按照常规虚拟语气的要求,主句中的谓语动词应为wouldn’t have smiled才能表示与过去事实相反;但从时间状语判断,主句实际要表达的是与现在事实相反,所以谓语动词为wouldn’t be smiling。

  8. D)【句意】假如我们有足够的钱,明年我们就去游黄山。

  【难点】provided 意为“假若”,相当于if 或on condition that,常用于引导条件状语从句。lest意为“以防,以免”,由其引导的从句常常用虚拟语气。until 的用法为:如果主句的谓语动词为延续性动词的肯定式,则until意为“直到,到„为止”;如果主句中的谓语动词为非延续性动词,则主句应该用否定式,此时until意为“直到„才”。unless 意为“除非,如果不”,相当于if not。

  9. A)【句意】年长和年轻的这两位工人各有自己的工具。

  【难点】each接在复数主语后只起状语作用,所以全句的谓语动词仍用复数形式。

  10. B)【句意】威廉告诉自己的妻子给他擦皮鞋。

  【难点】have sth done 是一个常见句型,意为“使某事被做”;shine 作擦皮鞋讲时,过去分词是shined”。

  11. A)【句意】高410米的世界贸易中心是世界上最高的建筑。 【难点】如果定语从句中要强调先行词的某一部分,则通常用“名词+介词+关系代词”构成的定语从句。此类定语从句中的关系代词必须按照先行词来确定。

12. A)【句意】直到1945年战争结束后他才回到家乡。

  【难点】副词only置于句首,主要目的在于强调,在语法结构上,则引起倒装。

  13. D)【句意】他的诚实是无可怀疑的,没有人能怀疑这一点。

  【难点】without question 意为“无可怀疑的”。in question 意为“在考虑中的,在议论中的”。out of question 意为“不成问题”。beside the question 无此搭配。

  14. B)【句意】直到他开始以钓鱼为乐,他才开始得到了轻松的休息。

  【难点】此句为强调句,所强调的时间状语从句部分的动作几乎和主句的动作同时发生,时间状语从句的谓语动词为过去时,因而主句的谓语动词采用过去时便可。

  15. D)【句意】不仅你,我也在这点上犯了错误。

  【难点】按照英语语法,由not only…but also构成的主语,其谓语动词应按照就近关系,因此此句只能选择D)。

  16. B)【句意】这项任务不易完成,但我们还是想办法完成了

  【难点】somehow 意为“以某种方式,用某种方法”;anyhow 意为“无论用何种方法”;any way 意为“任何方式”,是名词;some way 是“某种方式”,也是名词。 17. B)【句意】简刚刚给她英国的一个朋友回了一封信。

  【难点】answer a letter 意为“回信”,此时,answer不能换成reply 。return意为“归还,退回”,offer意为“提出”。

  18. D)【句意】约翰先生没有作出打算辞职的暗示。

  【难点】indication 意为“暗示,迹象”;direction 意为“方面,方向,指令”;symptom意为“征兆,征候”;information意为“消息,情报”。

  19. C)【句意】她打开大门,狮子大吼一声,向她扑去。

  【难点】roar 意为“吼声,怒号;轰鸣”;yell 意为“叫喊,号叫”;cry 意为“喊叫;哭”;shout意为“呼喊”,但和yell不同。shout强调一个人以最高音调喊叫,以与周围声音对抗,可表示愤怒或救援等;yell指响亮而刺耳的喊声,尤指求救的喊声或运动时发出的不由自主的叫声。

  20. A)【句意】他说的非常快,我没听懂他说什么。

  【难点】catch 意为“听清楚,领会,理解”;listen 指“(注意地)听”;get 意为“学会;掌握;记住”;take 意为“领会接受”。


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