2018英语专四阅读理解技巧:锁定4处出题点

2018-01-30 17:15:18来源:网络

  三、类比比喻处

  类比在文中主要有两种体现方式,一是明喻,即A像B一样;二是暗喻,说A是B,由于暗喻更加隐蔽,出题人往往趋向于在暗喻内容上出题。考生还要熟记,“借喻或借代”也是出题人常考的地方,例如用“多米诺骨牌”进行借代等。

  【例题】

  The full import may take a while to sink in. The NT Rights ofthe Terminally Ill law has left physicians and citizens alike trying to dealwith its moral and practical implications. Some have breathed sighs of relief,others, including churches, right-to-life groups and the Australian MedicalAssociation, bitterly attacked the bill and the haste of its passage. But thetide is unlikely to turn back. In Australia — where an aging population,life-extending technology and changing community attitudes have all playedtheir part — other states are going to consider making a similar law to dealwith euthanasia. In the US and Canada, where the right-to-die movement isgathering strength, observers are waiting for the dominoes to start falling.

  52. When the author says that observers are waiting for thedominoes to start falling, he means ________.

  [A] observers are taking a wait-and-see attitude towards thefuture of euthanasia

  [B] similar bills are likely to be passed in the US, Canada andother countries

  [C] observers are waiting to see the result of the game ofdominoes

  [D] the effect-taking process of the passed bill may finallycome to a stop

  四、引用处

  说明文或者议论文中经常引用他人的观点来支持论证作者自己的观点。引文既可以是从正面来支持自己的观点,也可以是通过驳斥反面观点从而论证自己的观点。因此,引文间接地表达了作者自己的观点,有一定的隐蔽性和迷惑性,所以也是出题考查的热点地区,通常会考查考生的推理能力和对作者态度观点的判断能力。具体出现位置往往是第一段的第一句话。

  【例题】

  ① To paraphrase18th-century statesman Edmund Burke, “all that is needed for the triumph of amisguided cause is that good people do nothing.” ② One such causenow seeks to end biomedical research because of the theory that animals haverights ruling out their use in research. ③ Scientists need torespond forcefully to animal rights advocates, whose arguments are confusingthe public and thereby threatening advances in health knowledge and care. ④ Leaders of theanimal rights movement target biomedical research because it depends on publicfunding, and few people understand the process of health care research. ⑤ Hearingallegations of cruelty to animals in research settings, many are perplexed thatanyone would deliberately harm an animal.

  46. The author begins his article with Edmund Burke's words to________.

  [A] call on scientists to take some actions

  [B] criticize the misguided cause of animal rights

  [C] warn of the doom of biomedical research

  [D] show the triumph of the animal rights movement

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